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Official Organ of the Sailors' Union of the Pacific 

THE SEAFARING CRAFT is the most important factor in the development of the commerce of the world. There is no reason why its constituents, aided by the advantages of culture and education, 
calling, should not become the heralds of the world's progress. OUR AIM— The moral, intellectual and material welfare of all "who go down to the sea in ships;" to establish the 
due to their craft, and to unite the seamen of the world under the banner of a common fraternity. OUR MOTTO — "Never Give up the Ship." 

and by the nature of their 

Volume V. 


Number 25. 


By T. ». Mathiak. 

In this great world of ours, how many individ- 
uals do we find who from day to day complain 
of being victims of that "tired feeling"? This is 
an oft propounded question, and all tired indi- 
viduals when asking themselves the cause of their 
weariness invariably settle the question with that 
false of all false excuses: They are not well. 
This being the Lenten season, the people governed 
by King McAllister are at their wits' end as to 
how they should waste the time until Easter 
without ruining their prospects in the great be- 
yond, or causing one pang in the hearts of their 
favorite clergymen, whose salaries depend largely 
on their own silence, and on the liberal distribu- 
tion of indulgences among their respective docks. 

How those people are to be pitied ! The ennui 
of fasting and prayer (?) will soon be over, how- 
ever, and then the four hundred will be at lib- 
erty to engorge itself ad libitum; Miss Van 
Doodle may dance the light agnostic toe with 
young De Tremens to her heart's content, and, in 
a word, sawciety will again assume the giddy 

tenor of its way. 

* * * 

So much for the people who have more money 
than brains; they toil not, neither do they spin, 
and, as Ward McAllister himself has said, "When 
we are not eating and drinking, we are dancing, 
don't you know; and when — well that is about 
the way we put in our time." A pretty example. 
I am told that the society code of the Gilbert 
Islanders and that of upper New York are ana- 
logous; indeed, it would appear so from the re- 
ports rendered. 

We hear of scandalous explosions in England's 
upper-ten from time to time; again on our side 
of the Atlantic, and lately from Japan, comes a 
sensational bubble that sets all upper-tendom 
agog, and increases the circulation of the dailies 
to the entire satisfaction of their proprietors. 
What should give birth to such rottenness among 
intelligent, refined and well-bred people, we of 
the toiling class often ask ourselves; what may 
be a fair and perhaps satisfactory conclusion is 
our knowledge of the fact that the intelligent, re- 
fined and well-bred people have nothing else to 
do! They are not all alike, but the majority of 
their number have little else to think of than to 
cater to the demands of their own selfish and un- 
reasonable appetites. 

Gluttony and intemperance, when indulged in, 
are conducive to crime; they render their de- 
votees vicious, lazy and worthless; their dissipa- 
tion becomes a passion, so that they can only 
mingle with any pleasure with those who are 
similarly affected; they are not in touch with the 

rest of the world, but soar on in their own sweet 
way, until they reach the pinnacle of snobbish- 
ness. It is not surprising that the crimes arising 
from such causes, such excesses, should assume a 
carnal form, for such causes with the same effects 
have been faithfully chronicled ever since the 

birth of history. 

* * * 

The tired man and woman never feel well. We 
seldom hear the busy man complain of feeling 
tired. He may be tired after a day's work at the 
office, bank or pick and shovel, but he can rest 
at night, well pleased to be tired, for were he not 
working all day, he would be just too tired to 
rest at night ! There is nothing more elevating 
to the character than a fair share of daily exer- 
cise — manly exercise — that will bring perspira- 
tion to one's brow. Every man and woman, 
whether rich or poor, should indulge and incul- 
cate the habit — to the rich as a promoter of 
health and a reminder of what their poorer 
brethren must do, and to the latter as an indis- 
pensable adjunct to both health and prosperity. 
The moral effect of labor on the mind is more 
potent in its influence than the eloquence of 
many sermons, and those who are afflicted with 
a superabundance of riches would do well to try 
this remedy if they would know the cure. True 
enough, crimes of various orders run rampant 
among the lower classes, but labor is not a sup- 
port nor an accessory to crime in any degree, for 
"as the twig is bent so the tree will grow," in 
spite of all persuasion to the contrary. Another 
class of beings who are hardly worth mentioning, 
are those who won't work, and very often they 
put themselves in the way of people who are 
willing to work. They are of a dishonest kind, 
and would be better off in that land " where the 
wicked cease from troubling and the weary are at 


* * * 

Abou-Ben-Scott, who often sailed the seas, 
Awoke one night from sleeping at his ease, 
And saw within the threshold of his room 
A wraith-like figure writing in the gloom. 
Stupidity had made the captain brave, 
And oft he'd shown his prowess on the wave. 

" What writ'st thou?" to the wraith-like form he 
As trembling he sat up within his bed. 

" I keep a record," said the shard, "of those 
Who would be devils dressed in angels' clothes; 
And also those who in tyrannic schools 
Have sought to teach their masters. And such 

Who think, that when abroad the world can 

run — 
Ashore, afloat, wherever shines the sun; 
And you are one of those, Abou-Ben-Scott — 

Now tell me pray, what ought to be your lot?" 
" Before you place your records on the shelf," 
Said Scott, "please put me down as my own 

Just as I am, just as I'll ever be — 
A tyrant, while I sail the briny sea!" 
The shard then disappeared, and the next 

It came again to greet the captain's sight 
With names of tyrants, whom true men de- 
test — 
And lo! Abou-Ben-Scott's led all the rest! 


I From an Occasional Correspondent. I 

There is an old saying, if I recollect aright, that 
some people require a good "licking" before they 
will have sense. This seems to be the case with 
us New Zealanders in the present instance. When 
we, of the trades unions, got into the great strike 
to help our Australian brothers out, it was to 
come off victorious. At least, we believed we 
could not lose, so sanguine were we. Thank 
Providence that we did get as thorough a 
whipping as it is possible to give trades unions. 
For had we won, where would we be now? Not 
one tittle advanced. More than likely we would 
have remained plodding along in the same old 
groove, satisfied maybe with a small increase of 
wages, while continually endeavoring in a half- 
hearted manner to obtain legislation in our be- 

When we felt the stings of overwhelming de- 
feat and saw the ever-grasping hand of capital 
tightening its hold on our bodies and souls, as it 
were, by preparing to legislate so that to strike 
would be punishable in some manner, the trades 
unions of these islands came together as a whole, 
and in a way no body of work-people ever did be- 
fore, and determined to fight even if it should end 
in blood. 

The initiative in the great struggle for our 
liberties was taken by the seamen's union, which, 
although brought to the verge of disruption and 
badly crippled financially by the failure to beat 
the shipowners, would not be "downed," but 
bobbed to the surface of the troubled waters, by 
proposing that the unions throughout the colonies 
nominate and elect members for the parliaments 
from their own ranks. 

The daily newspapers, with very, very few 
exceptions, wasted column upon column in derid- 
ing the proposition of running labor candidates 
for Parliament, and also distorted their speeches 
in such a manner as to make them wholly un- 
readable. Happily, however, they dared not 
traduce the men, for the law of libel is too strictly 
enforced here. Hut all their scurrility did not 


deter the leaders of the movement from proceed- 
ing with the programme which had been drawn 
up by a congress of delegates from the various 
unions. In fact, the derision of the subsidized 
press served more as a prode, by causing them to 
pull together and work harder to succeed at the 

Candidates were nominated — and there was no 
lack of good, sensible material to choose from 
among the various unions. All petty jealousies 
were now buried, and each candidate was put on 
the "stump" to be questioned and "pumped"' and 
"tried out" before election day, which was but a 
few weeks off. By these means the candidate 
learned what the people wished and expected 
him to do. 

Never for a moment did the press and the 
moneyed portion of the population believe that 
the unions were strong enough to pull through at 
the polls. But the fearful "licking" they had 
received at the hands of these two had roused 
the bitterest feelings of the working classes 
against the monopolies and their tools. Even 
the very men who had'gone to work or who had 
deserted their unions in the time of battle showed 
they were in sympathy with the defeated work- 
ingmen and' workingwomen. 

Luckily for us our system of voting at the 
polls precludes all interference with a voter. 
Here a man can show his sympathy with a party 
and its candidates — which he dare not openly 
express by word or look — by casting bis ballot for 
them. When the returns of the voting com- 
menced to come in and were printed, the monopo- 
lies saw but too surely that they had suffered a 
defeat more sweeping and more dangerous to 
their interests than if they had granted the de- 
mands of the unions to the utmost Capitalists 
and monopolies met in secret — and have been 
meeting in secret ever since — to outline a "pol- 
icy," as they pleased to term it, to gain control 
of those labor candidates who had so overwhelm- 
ingly defeated their nominees. Whether they 
will succeed with their "policy" time alone can 

While the capitalists and monopolists were 
busy forming "policies," their newspapers were 
"running mad." They prophesied that a "Labor 
Parliament" would ruin the country; would 
drive trade away; the factories would have to 
close down, etc. Well, let us examine how far 
their prophesies have come true: 

When the Labor Parliament took its seat, it 
commenced by setting its concerns in business 
order — a thing which had never been the case 
before. Those heads of departments who had 
been gobbling up fat salaries for doing little 
or no work were given the alternative of ac- 
cepting a wage commensurate with the work 
required or stepping down and out; sinecures 
were lopped off in all directions; several offices 
were combined, thus cutting down the expenses 
considerably; taxes were adjusted so that the 
capitalist and monop ilist paid in proportion to 
their profits; land was thrown open in a way 
which enabled the toiling classes to either lease 
it for a long period or purchase it on the install- 
ment plan. Instead of the revenue decreasing, fac- 
tories closing down and ruin to the country being 
the outcome of our Labor Parliament, I am 
happy to say this last year, we had one of the 
largest surpluses New Zealand has seen for many 
years. Trade is reviving and advancing steadily, 
and those people who left the islands at the time 
when the heavy hand of Depression was squeez- 
ing us down to the bottom rock are now returning 
to again help build up this most richly endowed 
country, with its mountains of iron, copper, tin 
and silver and numerous other precious metals. 

Before concluding let me illustrate the bitter 
feeling the moneyed classes of this country still 
exhibit toward the working people: It has al- 
ways been the Governor's privilege to select his 

advisers from both sides of the House of Parlia- 
ment. These advisers constitute the Senate, which 
advises the Governor to sign or refuse his signa- 
ture to a bill. Instead of acting impartially, the 
late Governor did not call one of the labor mem- 
bers to the Upper House, although they are in 
the majority by a great number. The Senate 
now is composed of the minority members. How- 
ever, this state of affairs will soon be a thing of 
the past, for the feeling is gaining ground that 
the Governors should he chosen from among our- 
selves, and not be any numskull Her Most Gra- 
cious Majesty of the realm on which the sun 
never sets pleases to foist upon our suffering 

Recently one of the old members of Parliament 
asked, at a meeting he was addressing, how it 
was possible for a Labor Parliament to conduct 
and manage the affairs of the country, seeing 
they had mismanaged and been defeated in their 
strike. One sailor in the back of the hall put 
this pertinent question to the speaker: 

"Say, mister; did you ever do hard, daily 

"Yes, my man. Many and many a year I had 
to work as hard as you or any other man in this 

"Then, mister, how did you learn to manage 
the affairs of this country? and who told you 
that you can manage them?" 

The candidate collapsed amid roars of laughter, 
cat-calls and screeching. HUGH smith. 

Wellington, February 23, 1892. 

Uruguayan Customs and Manners. 

In her letter to the Belfast, Me., Republican 
Journal, Fannie B. Ward writes: One of the 
sights of Montevideo which the traveler must 
not miss is the "Clementario Central," or princi- 
pal cemetery, situated a long way from the city's 
busy centre, near its south beach, within sound 
of the murmuring sea. There is nowhere in 
North America such an aggregate display of 
wealth in any one burial ground — such luxurious 
interment of dust to dust — as here. 

Montevideo's "Field of Saints" has a monu- 
mental entrance and a very costly and elaborate 
chapel, which alone represent the expenditure of 
a million dollars. The chapel has an ornamental 
dome, floors and inner walls of purest marble, a 
beautiful alabaster altar, candelabra and orna- 
nien s of gold and silver, and a basement of equal 
elegance wherein some of the more illustrious 
dead — such as Bishops and Presidents — are in- 
terred. The cemetery is divided into three sec- 
tions, and surrounded by walls 25 feet high, be- 
ing a continuous series of vaults, one above an- 
other, each vault having an opening just large 
enough to let in a casket. Each of the innumer- 
able little niches is fronted by a marble tablet, 
bearing in htters of black or gold the names of 
those whose mortal remains were deposited in- 
side. So precisely alike are all of them, save the 
slight difference in letteiing, that if it be true 
spooks walk abroad at "the witching hour when 
grave-yards yawn," it must be as perplexing for 
each to find his special niche again, as for the 
occupants of those endless rows of red brick 
houses with marble steps, alike as so many peas 
in a pod, that characterize certain streets in 
Philadelphia and New York, to distinguish their 
own doors when coming late from club or caucus 
in the befuddled condition that sometimes con- 
fuses shoe-huttoners with latch-keys. 

To reach the upper cells, coffins are wound up 
by means of a portable step-ladder and elevator 
combined — a creaking apparatus that swings and 
jolts and bumps the cadaver about in a shocking 
manner, while the pall bearers skip up the ladder 
to receive it into the narrow receptacle. But 
alas! As everywhere else in Spanish-America, 
the vaults are not owned absolutely by families, 
but are rented for a term of years, or for as long 

a time as the friends continue to pay a stipulated 
amount per annum; so that the helpless dead are 
not sure of a "long home," however much display 
of wealth may be made at the time of interment. 
In case the family move away, or die without 
having left provision in their wills concerning 
the grave for all time to come, or from failure to 
pay the rent from any cause, the remains are 
evicted and dropped into the common pit and the 
vault rented to other comers. 

The ground floor, so to speak, of the vast cem- 
etery, is .fully occupied with private or family 
vaults (owned, not rented), all of them very 
costly and elaborate, crowded close together, with 
narrow, well-paved streets between. Such an 
array of splendid monuments, and exquisite 
works of art executed by the sculptors of Rome 
and Milan, may perhaps be equalled in some 
European cemeteries, but certainly nowhere else 
in the Western World. The vaults are all built 
up from the ground, of marble or alabaster, bake- 
oven shape or in the form of temples, and most 
of them have plate-glass doors back of the gilded 
gates of open-wrought iron, plainly showing the 
interior. The inner walls are covered with 
pictures and other adornments, profusely deco- 
rated with flowers in costly vases, and every- 
where are crucifixes and burning candles. I 
noticed several tombs furnished like parlors, with 
carpeted floors and upholstered furniture; and in 
one was a startling oil painting of the Blessed 
Virgin, seated on a raft which floated in a sea of 
flame, engaged in the philanthropic work of pull- 
ing souls out of purgatory. 

Of the great opera house, Teatro Solis — the 
pride of Montevideo. It is an enormous build- 
ing, with a pillared portico in front and a pair of 
huge oval wings, the whole covering an entire 
square. One of the wings serves as a splendid 
wine and billiard raloon; the other contains the 
National Museum. On the second floor of the 
main building is a foyer of truly " magnificent 
distances," furnished with tables and chairs for 
those who wish to smoke and drink. The oval- 
shaped auditorium is very handsome, capable of 
seating 4000 people, with five tiers of boxes 
decorated in red, white, green and gold. The 
fourth circle is the cazuela, reserved for ladies 
alone, after the peculiar fashion of all Spanish- 
American countries, as well as old Spain. Not 
even an Archbishop or a Dictator could gain ad- 
mission to the sacred precints of the cazuela; and 
night after night it is filled with the beauties of 
Montevideo, escorted thither by their husbands, 
fathers or brothers, who leave them at the 
door, and go away to spend the evening as they 
like elsewhere, or take seats in the gentlemen's 
gallery above, but being dead sure to return be- 
fore the close of the performance to see their 
ladies safely home. Though men may not enter 
the charmed circle, no jealous rule can be rigor- 
ous enough to control the southern propensity to 
flirtation. It is said that most of the matches of 
Montevideo, are made — not in Heaven as the old 
saw goes — but in this gallery, though the ladies 
have no chance to extend their flirtations beyond 
the point of meeting eyes and telegraphic com- 
munications with fans and flowers and handker- 
chiefs — a language natural to youth the world over, 
as birds know how to build their nests without in- 
struction. Though a gentleman dare not speak 
to the fair enslaver whom he has been staring out 
of countenance night after night at the opera, he 
can follow at a respectful distance when the 
author of her being hurries her home, discover 
where she resides, and thenceforth prance before 
her windows and become her shadow when she 
goes to church or promenades in the plaza. 

To the fifth circle men only are admitted. 
Near the door are some queer-looking latticed 
boxes, which remind one of certain windows in 
the Chinese quarter of San Francisco. Enquiry 
developed the fact that these are set apart for the 
persons in mourning, who wish to alleviate their 


woe with divertisement without being seen of 

Another of the handsomest edifices in Uru- 
guay's capital is the Hospital de Caridad, three 
stories high and three hundred feet long, situated 
on the Calle Viente Cinco de Mayo, ''25th of May 
street" — covering more than an acre of ground 
and containing beds for 350 persons. It is one 
of the richest hospitals in the world and, strange 
to say, is entirely supported by a lottery. Its 
beds are nearly always full, and the patients are 
cared for by the Hermanas de Caridad — "Sisters 
of Charity." 

This hospital owes much of its popularity to 
the means of its maintenance, the lottery being 
the favorite institution next to the church of 
every South American. In every city one meets 
men, women and children on the streets selling 
lottery tickets, as commonly as newsboys are 
seen selling papers in the United States. Every 
day in the year from early morning till late at 
night, the ubiquitous venders wander about the 
streets, thrusting tickets into the faces of passers- 
by and crying: "Fifty thousand dollars for to- 
morrow. The prize is fifty thousand dollars. We 
have the winning number, sir. We have com- 
plete tickets and quarters also." 

Not far from the Caridad is the British hos- 
pital — a plain, substantial structure which cost 
$40,000 and can accommodate about seventy-five 
patients. The attending physicians and nurses 
are all English-speaking Protestants. 

Another important institution of Montevideo 
in which most travellers are interested is the 
postoffice. It occupies a rather handsome edifice 
built expressly for the purpose, and is tolerably 
well conducted, considering that it is managed by 
the natives, whose rule of life is the transposed 
axiom, "never do to-day what can be put oh" until 
to-morrow." Among its several queer features 
is the open court-yard into which you go to post 
your letters. There is an opening beside the 
letter-boxes, with the word Inutilization painted 
in big letters above it; and behind the opening 
stands a clerk whose business it is to "inutilize" 
or obliterate the stamps upon letters, and you 
must present them to him before dropping them 
in the box. What would happen to the letters if 
you did not do this, I cannot tell. The clerk 
takes his own time for it, finishes his conversa- 
tion with some other employee before paying re- 
luctant attention to you, meanwhile smoking his 
cigarette; then he stares at you curiously, reads 
the superscription on the letter, evidently specu- 
lating upon its contents, weighs it on his hand, 
finally condescends to put a blotch of ink on the 

big blue square of the Uruguayan stamp. 


Unfulfilled Railway Prophecies. 

It is amusing, in these days of railway develop- 
ment and progress, to read the many prognostica- 
tions of failure with which the earlier promoters of 
railway enterprise were met. In 1831 the writer 
of a pamphlet, who styled himself "Investigator," 
essayed the task of "proving by facts and prgu- 
ments" that a railway between London and Bir- 
mingham would be a "burden upon the trade of 
the country, and would never pay." He said: 
"The causes of greater danger on the railway are 
several. A velocity of 15 miles an hour is in 
itself a great source of danger, as the smallest 
obstacle might produce the most serious conse- 
quences. If, at that rate, the engine or any for- 
ward part of the train should suddenly stop, the 
whole would be cracked by the collision like nut- 
shells. At all turnings there is a danger that the 
latter part of the train may swing off the rails; 
and, if that takes place, the most serious conse- 
quences must ensue before the whole train 
can be stopped. The line, too, upon which 
the train must be steered, admits of little lateral 
deviation, while a stage coach has choice of 
the whole roadway. Independently of the veloc- 
ity, which in coa hes is the chief source of dan- 

ger, there are many perils on the railway, the 
rails stand up like so many thick knives, and 
any one alighting on them would have but a 
slight chance of his life. * * * Another 
consideration which would deter travellers, more 
especially invalids, ladies and children from 
making use of the railways, would be want of 
accommodation along the line, unless the directors 
of £the railway chose to build inns as commo- 
dious as those on the present line of road. But 
these inns the directors would have to support in 
part also, because they would be out of the way 
of any business except that arising from the rail- 
way, and that would be so trifling and so acci- 
dental that the landlords could not afford to keep 
either a cellar or a larder. Commercial travellers 
who stop and do business in all the towns, and 
by so doing render commerce much cheaper 
than it otherwise would be, and who give 
that constant support to the houses of enter- 
tainment which makes them enabled to supply 
the commercial traveller well and at a cheap rate, 
would, as a matter of course, never by any 
chance go by the railroad; and the occasional 
traveller, who went the same route for pleasure, 
would go by the coach route, also, because of the 
cheerful company and the comfortable dinner. 
Not one of the nobility, gentry or those who 
travel in their own carriage, would by any chance 
go by the railway. A nobleman would really not 
like to be drawn at the tail of a train of wagons, 
in which some hundreds of bars of iron were 
jingling with a noise that would drown all the 
bells of the district, and in the momentary 
apprehension of having his vehicle broken to 
pieces and himself killed or crippled by the 
collision of these 30-ton masses." 

Absurd as were the foregoing arguments, they 
were not more ridiculous than those of a writer 
in the London Quarterly Review, in 1825, who, 
alluding to the alleged dangers of railway travel- 
ing, said: "It certainly is some consolation to 
those who are to be whirled at the rate of from 
l.S to 20 miles an hour, by means of a high 
pressure engine, to be told that there is no dan- 
ger of being seasick while on shore, that they are 
not to be scalded to death, nor drowned nor 
dashed to pieces by the bursting of a boiler, and 
that they need not mind being struck by the fly- 
ing off or breaking of a wheel. What can be more 
palpably absurd or ridiculous than the prospect 
held out of locomotives travelling twice as fast as 
stage coaches. We should as soon expect the 
people of Woolwich to suffer themselves to be fired 
off upon one of Congreve's Ricochet Rockets as 
trust themselves to the mercy of such a machine 
going at such a rate. We will back old Father 
Thames against the Woolwich railway for any 
sum. We trust that Parliament will, in all rail- 
ways it may sanction, limit the speed to eight or 
nine miles an hour, which, we entirely agree with 
Mr. Sylvester, is as great as can be ventured on 
with safety." 

On the third reading of the Manchester and 
Liverpool Railway Bill in the British House of 
Commons in 1825, the Hon. Edward Stanhope, 
M. P., moved that it be read that day six months, 
assigning, among other reasons, that the railway 
trains could not be worked by locomotives, and 
that if horses were employed they would take 10 
hours to perform the distance. The motion was 
seconded by Sir Isaac Coffin, M. P., who indig- 
nantly denounced the project as fraught with 
"fraud and imposition." He would not consent 
to see widows' premises invaded, and " how," he 
asked, " would any person like to have a railway 
under his parlor window? What, he would like to 
know, was to be done with all those who had ad- 
vanced money in making and repairing turnpike 
roads ? What with those who may still wish to 
travel in their own or hired carriages, after the 
fashion of their forefathers ? What was to 
become of coachmakers and harnessmakers, 
coachmasters, and coachmen, innkeepers, horse- 

breeders and horsedealers ? Was the House 
aware of the smoke and noise, the hiss and whirl 
which locomotive engines, passing at the rate of 
10 or 12 miles an hour, would occasion? Neither 
the cattle plowing in the fields or grazing in the 
meadows could behold them without dismay. 
Iron would be raised in price 100 per cent or, 
more probably, exhausted altogether. It would 
be the greatest nuisance, the most complete dis- 
turbance of quiet and comfort in all parts of the 
kingdom that the ingenuity of man could in- 

Sanitary objections were also urged in opposi- 
tion to railways, and many wise doctors strongly 
inveighed against tunnels. Sir Anthony Carlisle 
insisted that tunnels would expose healthy 
people to cold, catarrhs and consumption. The 
noise, the darkness, and the dangers of tunnel 
traveling were depicted in all their horrors. 
Solemn documents, in the form of certificates, 
were got up and published, signed by several of 
the most distinguished physicians of the day, 
attesting the perfect wholesomeness of tunnels, 
and the purity of the air in them. 

The Wife of Columbus. 

Columbus was married in 1470, or thereabouts, 
to a Miss Palestrello of Lisbon, whose father had 
distinguished himself as a navigator. Apart of 
Miss Palestrello's dowry was a great collection of 
valuable charts, journals and important memo- 
randa. From childhood she had displayed a 
wonderful enthusiasm on the subject, partaking 
to a marked degree of the speculative and adven- 
turesome ideas and schemes in the line of 
geographical discovery for which Lisbon was then 
headquarters. She possessed a fine education 
and was known as a brainy, brilliant woman, 
who was constantly urging her husband on in 
the path which finally brought him to the won- 
derful goal with which we are so familiar. While 
a girl Miss Palestrello made a number of haz- 
ardous voyages with he.r father to unfamiliar 
waters, and later many geographical drawings, 
several of which were used with great profit to 
Columbus when he won her for his wife and set 
out upon his more important wanderings on the 
great deep. There is probably no picture of this 
brave, talented woman extant, but certainly it 
would seem a gracious and most fitting thing 
that her memory receive some tribute upon the 
forthcoming occasion. — Chicago Tribune. 

An Essay on Man. 

Man that is born of woman is small potatoes 
and few in a hill. He rises up to-day and flour- 
ishes like a ragweed, and to-morrow or next day 
the undertaker hath him. He goeth forth in the 
morning warbling like a lark and is knocked out 
in one round and two seconds. In the midst of 
life he is in debt, and the tax collector pursues 
him wherever he goeth. The banister of life 
is lull of splinters, and he slideth down with 
considerable rapidity. He cometh home at 
eventide and meeteth the wheelbarrow in his 
path. It riseth up and smiteth him to 
the earth, and falleth upon him, and runneth 
one of its legs into his ear. In the gentle spring- 
time he putteth on his summer clothes, and a 
blizzard striketh him far from home and filleth 
him with cuss words and rheumatism. He 
buyeth a watch-dog, and when he cometh home 
from the lodge the watch-dog treeth him, and 
sitteth near him until rosy morn. He goeth to 
the horse trot and betteth his money on the 
brown mare, and the bay gelding with a blaze 
face winneth. He marrieth a red-headed heiress 
with a wart on her nose, and the next day the 
parent ancestor goeth under with a crash and 
great liabilities, and cometh home to live with 
his beloved son-in-law. — Heywood. 




The Sailors' Union of the Pacific 




One year, by mail $2 00 | Six months. . . 

Single copies, 10 cents each. 

OTChanires in advertisementemust In- in by Saturday night of each week. 

T" Insure a prompt reply correspoi Id address all com- 

munications of a business nature to the Business Manaokk. 

Entereii at the San Francisco Postoffice a< second-class matter. 

Bkadquartirs of tiik Sailors' Union of ti.k Pacific, Southwest Cor- 
ner Eaat and Mission Streets. San Francisco. 

Tiik Coast Seamkx'.s Joi r.val can be had at the Miners' Headquar- 
lers, Nanaimo, B. C. 



It is said of Horace Greel y that while traveling 
through a certain part of this blessed western 
land of ours, where the soil is on a strike against 
giving even sustenance to a jack-rabbit, he got 
into conversation with an old settler. "Barren 
country, this," remarked Mr. Greely. "Oh, well," 
replied the old settler, "the country is all right; 
it only requires water and good society." "That's 

all h 1 requires," observed the great editor; 

and the disgusted old settler moved away envel- 
oped in sadness. California is a fine country; 
the climate is satisfactory, albeit in the prime of 
summer time in San Francisco when the fog- 
banks roll in through the Golden Gate, an over- 
coat with upturned collar is not to be despised, 
and what luxury it is to heap upon oneself sev- 
eral blankets in July nights, while our Eastern 
friends are sweltering, turning, kicking and in a 
general way deploring the fall of our first parents. 
However, taking it right through, we feel proud 
of California and our glorious climate, and for 
that reason do not like to see it misrepresented 
abroad for mercenary purposes. 

As we said before, California is a fine country. 
It has glorious forests, magnificent mountains, 
lovely valleys — all taken up by the old settlers 
and speculators, who, as a rule, live in the cities. 
Then come the vast millions of acres which, like 
Hades, require water and good society. It would 
seem reasonable to suppose, that good water 
would be necessary to the existence of good 
society. It appears, however, in evidence — as 
the lawyers say — that the gentlemen who are 
flooding this State with destitute laborers 
from the East and Europe pretend to 
think differently. Their mode of liv- 
ing and internal unacquaintance with 
water may have something to do with their dis- 
honest actions, but in the cause of humanity, 
and for the benefit of our Eastern and European 
readers and their friends, we will say that times 
are dull in California; not only dull, but the 
State is overrun with unemployed workmen. 
Not for over twenty-five years has San Francisco 
witnessed such destitution, misery, Buffering. 
Business men have formed themselves into 
a "Mutual Despondency Association," and 
pass resolutions of condolence and other 
things. The Mutual Despondency Associa- 
tion sympathizes muchly with the "charter prior 
to arrival " firms that have collapsed. 
A little application of the law such as governs a 
clear case of "confidence game" would be more in 
order for the rascals who are responsible for the 
idle floating tonnage, domestic and foreign, on 
the Pacific Coast to-day. 

Now it is generally accepted by all classes that 
times are very very hard. Notwithstanding the 
general verdict, we find advertisements in Fast- 
em and European papers inviting poor people to 
come to California, where there is work in abund- 
ance, good pay and land given away; where 
one can recline under a ready-made fig 
tree, and watch his oranges and grapes grow. 
On the continent of Europe, the steamship and 

railroad companies, have hired liars employed, to 
lecture and exhibit gay-colored chromos, pictur- 
ing this paradise on earth. And here the 
deluded creatures flock, and become the 
pre} 7 of the Southern Pacific and em- 
ployment agencies. So far as we know, 
there is no law that can touch those very 
respectable " confidence men," so they pursue the 
even tenor of their way, and amidst all this 
suffering public conscience slumbers. 

It seldom happens that the individual, male or 
female, who applies to an employment agency 
for a job, gets the best of the job-getter. A re- 
freshing case of the exception floats across the 
Pacific from Australia. A red-headed man in 
Melbourne, named O'Donoghue, applied to an 
employment agent for work. The agent ap- 
pointed him to a certain situation charging him 
$2.50 for the same. O'Donoghue went to 
the job and found that it had been filled up; he 
returned and asked the agent for the 92.50 back. 
Anybody with sense would have known that it 
was not safe to stir up a red-headed man with a 
grievance and a name like O'Donoghue. But the 
employment agent had no sense. Pie poked fun 
at his client and laughed at the O'Donoghue. A 
few minutes later the police had to haul O'Dono- 
ghue off a mutilated agent, and the Irishman 
was run in, spitting out his enemy's 
hair, ears and clothes as he went. Then the two 
parties proceeded against each other, but the 
court dismissed both cases on the ground that 
both were about even. A red-headed O'Donoghue 
is badly needed in San Francisco. 


The case of the United States vs. Captain H. 
H. Williams of the American ship Frederick 
Billings was decided by United States Commis- 
sioner Sawyer this morning. 

Twelve of the crew swore that the captain beat 
and wounded two of the men. A squall struck 
the ship during which some of the yards were 
carried away and five of the men went overboard. 
During the trial yesterday afternoon Dennis 
Duggin, John Morgan, James Barrett, Daniel 
McGlade and five other witnesses asserted that a 
boat could have been lowered and the men res- 
cued if the captain had seen fit to move in the 
matter. Charles Brown, Allen Silverwood, John 
Raffles, Martin Gilbertson and Fritz Rolling said 
they saw a man in the wreckage over the ship's 
side and saw Captain Williams take a boathook 
and cast the wreckage adrift. 

When it came to his side of the story the cap- 
tain denied the story told by the men and was 
supported by all his officers. He showed that 
the men had not been badly hurt and had only 
been punished for not obeying orders. "It would 
lie impossible to lower a boat to windward," said 
Williams, "and on the lee side was all the wreck- 
age. Hail a boat been launched to leeward the 
mastfl and spurs would have smashed it to tinder- 
wood before a man could have got into it." In 
regard to his pushing a man away in the wreckage 
Captain Williams denied the story most em- 
phatically. He was borne out in his assertion by 
the mate and steward, but the former was on the port 
watch and below when the squall struck the ship. 

The remarks of the Commissioner when decid- 
ing the case were as follows: 

1 do not think that either of these charges of beating and 
wounding are sustained. The men, both of them, appear to 
hare been in the wrong, and neither of them was so seriously 
hurt as to prevent his going right on about his duty. One 
got his face slapped and his lip cut, which bled some, but 
was not seriously hurt. The other did not even claim that 
be was hurt at all. Our courts do not encourage their 
Commissioners in holding for trivial causes. 

Wo now come to the grave charge growing out of these 
cases. If, in the legitimate examination of any charge, a 
graver offense appears to have been committed, the Commis- 
sioner would be hound to hold the defendant upon the 
graver. Was the captain in this case guilty of manslaughter 
for not saving or even attempting to save the live members 
of his crew who were suddenly thrown by a squall, which 
broke portions of his masts and rigging, into the sea? There 
was ijuite a tea on, and the wreckage was in the way. The 
testimony is conflicting as to the probability of lauuehing a 
boat or doin ' anything whatever to save them. They could 
not, according to the burden of the testimony, eveu be seen 

on account of the weather. Now I think the captain 
ought to have attempted the rescue of these five men, 
even to changing his course and breaking up all his 
small boats, but the discretion of the Commis- 
sioner in the peace and quiet of his room, and that 
of the captain in the fearful state of affairs in his ship at that 
time, are very different things. Under the circumstances I 
do not think the Commissioner would be justified in holding 
the captain for manslaughter. All the testimony taken to- 
gether goes to show that there was hardly any, if any, 
possibility of saving the men, even if he had made the at- 
tempt. He would very likely have lost more lives and 
accomplished nothing. It was certainly bad enough as it 
was. In the exercise of his best judgmeut he did not see 
fit to risk any more lives. To the credit of human nature I 
may say that the charge that the captain did deliberately, 
with a boat-hook, push off a sailor who was clinging to the 
rigging is not sustained. The testimony of the few witnesses 
who testified to that fact was entirely contradicted by the 
testimony of other and more credible witnesses, as well 
as all the circumstances. 

All things considered, in the exercise of my duty I shall 
have to discharge the captain. — Daily lteport, March 24th, 

If the testimony is not misrepresented and tie 
summing up of the Commissioner is correctly re- 
ported the credible witnesses whose testimony 
outweighs that of the sailors were the mate and 
steward. Well, we don't propose to say that 
those gentlemen did not testify to the truth as 
they saw it, neither do we propose to say that 
their testimony was biased by the positions which 
they held on board the ship. Rut, reflecting 
upon this little fact that the distance from the 
forecastle to the forecabin is after all not so very 
great, it is just possible, although, according to 
Commissioner Sawyer, it is not all probable, that 
those in the forecabin might be just as liable to 
see occurrences on board ship through their own 
particular spectacles as the men in the forecastle. 
Be that as it may, the Commissioner has labeled 
Captain Williams innocent. But, taken together 
with the different decisions given in the many 
seaports of the United States, and the life which 
is actually eked out in deep-water American 
ships, the last decision has no doubt helped to 
take away from many a young, not yet hardened, 
sailor the least faith in any justice to be obtained 
through the legal machinery, especially while his 
older and more experienced shipmate points out 
the niceties of the Commissioner's reasoning, 
and saying all the while, "I told you so." 

We wonder sometimes whether these dispensers 
of legal medicine ever trouble themselves about 
the amount of moral morphine which is some- 
times (too often, we fear), mixed in their pills. 
Do they ever consider that the abused sailor often 
becomes the abusive mate or the heartless and 
tyrannous captain? Well, well! little good does 
it do to write and speak of all these things. 
Commissioner Sawyer has got no sons at sea, 
that is plain enough. But in that he is simply 
sailing in the same boat with the rest of cultured 
and influential Americans. The Saxon has 
clearly lost his love of the sea in the Western 
Hemisphere; we sincerely hope that he has not 
also lost his traditional love of justice and fair- 


BY TIIK it A V. 

The castaways of the schooner Winnie Laurie 
have been taken to task for having nourished the 
intention of eating their chief. A certain daily 
paper opines that such an intention on the part 
of the starving sailors would have met with little 
success if the Captain was built on the usual 
lines. If by that it is pointed out that the Cap- 
tain was affected, as was a certain historical 
castaway, by "a present made to him at Cadiz," 
or New York, may be, the daily paper is quite 
within its rights in putting forth the innuendo. 

But if the idea to be conveyed is that the 
skipper would have resented the shedding of his 
blood, preferring, rather, to quaff another man's 
gore, the daily paper has exceeded its rights in 
attributing any such wanton misconception of] 
the fitness of things to an intelligent castaway 
like the Captain of the "Laurie." The fact is, 


the men were all in one boat, and all equally 
hungry; the doctrine of equal rights was very 
finely administered in their case, and having 
drawn lots nothing remained to the holder of the 
blank but to bear the brunt of it like a man. 

However, the first of the unfortunates to taste 
the sweets of martyrdom was the dog — an animal 
which fate had denied the merest inkling on the 
subject of lotteries, and which, as a consequence, 
could not be expected to appreciate that benign in- 
stitution, and which, moreover, was the intimate 
friend and companion and, finally, the subsistence 
of the Captain. Having eaten the Captain's dog, 
what was more natural than that the famished 
sailors should transfer their attention to the late 
owner. Such a proceeding would have been justi- 
fied on the antique principle which finds expres- 
sion in the old saying: "Kiss me, kiss my dog" 
— an expression that may be transfigured at 
pleasure to cover the processes of kicking, or even 

If the daily paper feels that there is still some- 
thing wanting to explain the temerity of the 
castaways who preferred to eat the Captain 
rather than be eaten by him, it may be found in 
the supposition that the Captain was the prime 
cause of all their misfortunes. The Captain who 
through negligence or lack of foresight or through 
any other cause looses his vessel, is for the time 
being, and likely enough for all time, beyond the 
reach of the outraged law. Why should not the 
victims of his misfortune, or fault, as the case 
may be, visit him with condign punishment, and, 
as the speediest and most effectual method, eat 
him? There is no good reason why they should 
not, except it be on account ot the subscription 
paid to him at Cadiz, or elsewhere. 


Mr. Alexander Smith, an old member of the 
Union has again been made a happy man by the 
recent addition of a native daughter to his house- 
hold. Baby Smith appears to understand that 
she is the center of attraction, as she mingles 
her merry noise with the congratulations of the 
many friends who call upon Mr. and Mrs. Smith. 

♦ ; 

Steamer Venture Wrecked. 

Information has been received in this city of 
the loss of the steam-schooner Venture, at Rock- 
port, off the coast of Mendocino, at 4 o'clock in 
the morning of March 27th. The steamer left 
here on the 19th inst., and had been loaded with 
a quantity of lumber. A heavy gale sprang up 
and before the vessel could get away from the 
chute she was carried on the rocks. There is no 
protection for vessels at Rockport, and a vessel 
has to be made ready to put to sea at a moment's 
notice if a blow comes up. The crew had a fear- 
ful struggle for their lives and the report states 
that both the engineers, the steward, one of the 
firemen and a sailor were drowned. The vessel was 
broken in two and went to pieces on the rocks. 
Daniel Holland had gone as Chief Engineer and 
Frank Burns as Assistant Engineer. The others 
lost were Fireman William Strand, John Peterson, 
a member of the Union and a native of Sweden, 
and Steward Carlson. 

The Venture was built in this city in 1888 and 
was about 249 ton burden. She was 127 feet long, 
33 feet beam and 10 feet deep. She was valued 
at $30,000 and was insured for $20,000. 

Notice to Mariners. 

Notice is hereby given that on April 15, 1892, 
or as soon thereafter as possible, Light Vessel No. 
50 will be moored in 180 feet at low water, off the 
entrance of the Columbia River, Washington. 
The vessel will show two fixed white reflector 
lights, each 30 feet above sea level, visible in clear 
weather from the deck of a vessel 15 feet above 

the sea 10^ nautical miles. The vessel has two 
masts, schooner rigged and no bowsprit. The 
hull is painted red with "Columbia River" in 
large black letters on each side, and "No. 50" in 
black figures in each quarter. At each lantern- 
masthead there is a circular cagework day 
mark, painted red. A black smokestack and the 
fog-signal are between the masts. During thick 
or foggy weather a 12-inch steam whistle will 
sound blasts of 5 seconds' duration, separated by 
silent intervals of 55 seconds, thus: blast, 5 
seconds; silent interval, 55 seconds; blast, 5 sec- 
onds; silent interval, 55 seconds. 

The proposed geographical position of the light 
vessel, as taken from chart No. 681a of the 
United States Coast and Geodetic Survey is: 
Latitude, north, 46 deg. 13 min. (15 sec); longi- 
tude, west, 124 deg. 13 min. (15 sec.) 

Magnetic bearings of prominent objects from 
the vessel will be approximately: North Head, 
north northeast f east; Cape Disappointment 
Lighthouse, northeast; Point Adams Lighthouse, 

east by north. 



The February rainfall in KaDsas was the heaviest in 
twenty-live years. 

The flag of Ireland floated over New York City Hall on 
St. Patrick's day. 

The saw and planing mills of the United States pay out 
yearly almost $300,000,000 for labor. 

Boston police officers are to be provided with cutters for 
use in case of breaks in electric wires. 

Steamboat men at Milwaukee ask that the employment of 
Canadians upon lake steamers be prohibited. 

Vessels carrying United States mails have been notified 
that they will be required to take as apprentices, cadets 
from the training ships. 

Efforts are being made to get at 3000 barrels of whisky 
and a lot of specie in the wreck of the steamer Baird, sunk 
near Waverly, Mo., in 1858. 

The municipal Council of Aberdeen, Scotland, in letting 
out annual contracts for public works, stipulates in each 
contract that all workmen employed must be paid the 
standard rate of wages. 

Charles A. Story of Chicago, requests Congress to give 
him $5,000,000 with which to reform the confessedly bad 
spelling of the English language in the United States. Mr. 
Story has invented an alphabet. 

The weather has of late been severe in Sweden and the 
Baltic, and present circumstances indicate a late opening of 
the navigation. At Clefle open water is not expected before 
May, and in other districts tie ice is fourteen inches thick. 

A 10 per cent reduction in the wages of the puddlers em- 
ployed at the Vesuvius Iron Works at Sharpsburg, Pa., 
went into effect last week, and a similar reduction was 
ordered by A. Legget &Co., machinists and axle manufact- 
urers of Allegheny. 

The two-masted schooner James A. Fisher, which struck 
off the Jersey coast, near Townseud Inlet, forty-nine years 
ago, and sank in the quicksand, will soon be floated again. 
She was buried so deeply in the sand that not even her masts 
or rigging have been visible, but the recent storm unearthed 
her bleached bows. The vessel is in good condition. 

Emperor William has just issued private orders that Lon- 
don Punch is to be stricken off the list of the journals which 
are supplied to him, and Empress Frederick, Prince Henry 
of Prussia, and all the members of the royal family who are 
in the habit of reading the English journals, have been de- 
sired by their autocratic relative to discontinue the obnoxious 

A bill introduced in Congress by Representative Cum- 
mings of New York, to increase the efficiency of the coast 
defence, authorizes the Secretary of the Navy to build or to 
contract for the building of an armored semi -submarine boat 
capable of beginning an attack a mile distant and also cap- 
able of attacking with submarine torpedoes at close quarters. 
Three hundred thousand dollars is appropriated by the bill. 

The Trades and Labor Council of Toronto, Canada, has 
adopted resolutions advising the Board of Education of 
that city to see that more time be devoted 
to practical instruction tor pupils to earn a 
living than to military drilling and dead languages. The 
workmen of Toronto are of the opinion that, as they pay for 
the schools they are entitled to having their children edu- 
cated in a sensible manner. 

In the German Reichstag, Dr Baumbach, speaking in the 
name of himself and of several colleagues who had with 
him attended the late Parliamentary Peace Congress at 
Rome, moved a resolution in favor of guaranteeing the im- 
munity of private property at sea in time of war. Count 
von Caprivi answered that he should be happy to entertain 
Dr. Baumbach's proposal if he thought that there was the 
slightest chance of its finding acceptauce in foreign states. 



[From Our Exchanges.] 

The naval appropriation bill appropriates in round figures 

The new 2000-ton cruiser being constructed at Boston is to 
be named the Marblehead. 

Commander James D. Graham has been on trial at Rich- 
mond, charged with villifying Admiral Porter. 

Maine sailors are advocating a new channel into the Penob- 
scot River to relieve Mussel Ridge channel which is now 

Captain Timothy Mealier, who died at Mobile, was noted 
as the importer of the last cargo of slaves brought to the 
United States. 

The City of Birmingham rescued the freight steamer 
Akaba off Hatteras, with the greatest difficulty, and claims 
$60,000 salvage. 

There is a well-grounded suspicion that the big whale- 
back passenger boat, so much heralded in the press, will 
never be built at all. 

The New York Yacht Club has a fleet of 253 vessels, of 
which 97 are steamers, 75 schooners and 81 sloops, cutters 
and yawls. The membership of the club is 700. 

The 4300-ton steamer El Sud, built for the Southern Pa- 
cific Company's line between New York and Galveston, was 
successfully launched at Newport News on March 16th. 

At Detroit a "straightback" steel steamer is to be built. 
She will be 360 feet over all, 342 feet keel, 42 feet beam and 
24 feet molded depth. The cost will be about $225,000. 

The contest between the New York and Norfolk navy 
yards for the privilege of completing the new cruiser Raleigh 
after being launched has resulted in a victory for Norfolk. 

The Navy Department has accepted the new steel tug 
Narkeeta, and she has been ordered to take station at New 
York. This is one of the three steel tugs constructed at 
Boston. She was completed within the contract time and 
cost complete $32,438. 

The cod-fishery is carried on from April until the end of 
October, both on the Banks in the Atlantic and on the shores 
of Newfoundland. In April and May the men use herring as 
bait; in May and June a small fish called the caplin; and 
during the remainder of the season the squid, or small cuttle- 

Says the Marine Review: People who have wondered 
why the American Steel Barge Company quit building whale- 
back barges at Brooklyn for the Atlantic Coast trade will 
wonder no longer when they learn, from such excellent 
authority as Captain Alex. McDougall himself, that the two 
original barges, 201 and 202, are to be transferred to the 
lakes soon after the opening of navigation. Captain Mc- 
Dougall assigns "big freight" on the lakes as the main reason 
for making the transfer. This is an easy way of admitting 
that the barges have proved unprofitable in the trade for 
which they were built. 

The historic sloop-of-war Hartford is to be preserved. The 
House Naval Committee, by a provision in the Naval Appro- 
priation Bill, has decreed that both this vessel and the 
famous old Kearsarge shall be exempt from the law designed 
to prevent repairs to vessels of the old navy. The Hartford is 
laid up in ordinary at frhe Mare Island (Cal.) Navy-yard. In 
the opinion of Chief Constructor Wilson, of the navy, she 
can be repaired for $175,000. This, he says in an official re- 
port to Congress, "would then, apart from the claim she has 
upon the reverence of the American people as Farragut's 
flagship, be valuable for service as a cruiser for several years." 

News comes from Port of Spain, Trinidad, that Com- 
mander T. H. Sands and Chaplain F. B. Rose, of the United 
States training ship Monongahela, are at daggers drawn over 
the religious training of the apprentices on board that vessel. 
Commander Sands is looked upon as a devout and zealous 
Catholic, while Chaplain Rose is a Baptist minister. The 
trouble began immediately following the arrival of the 
Monongahela at Fayal, when the Catholic apprentices were 
taken ashore to attend divine worship in the chapel con- 
nected with the Sisters' Hospital at Fayal. The following 
Sunday, the word having been passed for any apprentice who 
had conscientious scruples against attending divine service 
on board ship to fall out, almost all the Catholic apprentices 
stepped one pace to the front and remained on the 
quarter-deck while divine service was being held on the 
berth deck. Chaplain Rose looks upon this action of 
his commanding officer as an uncalled-for interference 
with the duties of the chaplain's office, and he has so 
reported the matter to the Secretary of the Navy. 
To add to the chaplain's grievances, on the ariival of the 
Monongahela at Barbados, Father Parks, the Catholic chap- 
lain of the flagship Philadelphia, there lying at anchor, 
visited the Monongahela at the invitation of Commander 
Sands, it is said, where he heard confessions and conducted 
Catholic services without the permission of or an introduc- 
tion to Chaplain Rose, who characterizes the affair as a dis- 
courteous ignoring of his religious office and disrespectful to , 
his relative rank of commander. Chaplain Rose contends 
that the naval apprentices are the wards of the Government 
during their minority; that the rules and regulations for the 
training of apprentices require their attendance at the wor- 
ship of Almighty God irrespective of creed, and that as he 
teaches and preaches Christianity pure and simple, una- 
dorned by the garb of any sect, he has a perfect right to 
compel the attendance at divine service of eyery apprentice, 
be he Protestant, Catholic or heathen. 



I am only a faded primrose, dying for want of air, 

I, and my dying sisters, lie in a garret bare; 

We were plucked from the pleasant woodland, only a week 

But our leaves have lost their beauty, anil our heads are 

bending low. 
We grew in a yellow cluster, under a shady tree, 
In a spot where the winds came wooing straight from the 

Sussex sea, 
And the brisk breeze kissed us boldly as we nodded to and 

In the smiling April weather — only a week ago. 

Only a week this mornine! Ah me! but it seems a year 
Since the only dew on our petals was a woman's briny tear; 
Since the breeze and the merry sunshine were changed for 

this Stirling gloom, 
And the soot of the smoky chimneys that robs us of our 

We grew in a nook so quiet, behind a hedge s<i high; 
We were hid from the peeping children who, laughing passed 

us by. 
But a primrose gatherer spied us, his cruel hand came down — 
We were plncked in the early morning, and packed and seut 

to town. 

We were tossed in a busy market from grimy hand to band, 
Till a great rough woman took us, and hawked us abou' the 

Clutched in her dirty ringers, our tender stalks were tied, 
And "A penny a bunch, who'll buy 'cm, line primroses ?" 

she cried. 
We lay on the woman's basket, till a white faced girl came 

There was, oh, such a world of yearning in the lingering look 

she cast — 
< 'ast on the tumbled bunches— a look that seemed to say, 
"Oh, if I oidy had you !" — but she sighed and turned away. 
She was only gone a moment, and then she was back again; 
She'd the look ou her pale, pinched features that told of the 

hunger pain ; 
She held in her hand the penny, that ought to have bought 

her bread ; 
But she dropt it into the basket, and took us home instead 
Home ! How we seemed to wither, as the light of day grew 

And up to a London garret, she bore us with weary limb ; 
But her clasp it was kind and gentle, and there shone a light 

in her eyes 
That made us think a moment we were under our native 

She stole in the room on tiptoe, and "Alice !" she softly 

"See what I've brought you, Alice !" then a sick girl raised 
her head. 

"I've thought it so often — the green bank far away, 

And the posies we UBed to gather — it seems but the other 

Lay them beside my pillow, they'll last as long as I; 
How quickly in cruel Ix)ndon the country blossoms die." 
We pined in our gloomy prison, and we thought how sweet ! 

we were, 
Blooming among the hedgerows out iu the balmy air, 
Where we gladdened the eyes that saw us, all in our yellow 

And we thought how our lives were wasted, until we grew 

to know 
We were dear to the dying work-girl, for the sake of the long 

That her anguish was half forgotten as she looked on us and 

Back in her dreams to the woodland filled with the primrose 


We primroses are dying, and so is Alice, fast, 

But her sister sits beside her, watching her to the last, 

Working with swollen eyelids for the white slave's scauty 

And starving to save her darling, and still the fever's rage. 
We stand on the little table, beside the sick girl's bed, 
And we know by the word she murmurs, that she wanders 

in her head — 
She stretches her hand to take us, and laughs like a child at 

She thinks she sees us growing on the old bank far away. 
Forgotten the gloomy garret, the tierce and fevered strife; 
Forgotten the weary journey that is ending with her life, 
The black, black night has vanished, and the weary worker 

Back to her country childhood, plucking a primrose prize. 
We have banished awhile her sorrow, we have brought back 

the sunny smile, . 

That belongs to the children's faces in the days that are free 

from guile; 
The Babylon roar conies floating up from the street below, 
Yet she lists to the gentle plashing of a brook in its spring- 
tide How. 

The gurgling brook in the meadow, with its primrose-laden 

How thick were the yellow clusters on the bank where she 

sat with him! 
With him who had leved and lost her, who had trampled 

blossoms down, 
Ah me! for the coontry blossoms brought to the cruel town! 
Thank God for the brave good sister, who found the lost one 

Who toiled with her for the pittance that paid for that garret ; 

bare — 
Who toiled when the wasted lingers were all too weak to 

sew — 
And hid all her troubles bravely that Alice might never 


We have brought one country sunbeams to shine in that 

garret bare — 
But to-morrow will see us lifeless, killed by the poiscned 

air — 
Then the primrose dream will vanish, and Alice will ask in 

For the poor little yellow posy that made her a child again. 
On to our faded petals there falls a scalding tear. 
As we lie to-night on the bosom of her who held us dear — 
We shall go to the grave together, for the work-girl lies at 

With a Faded primrose posy clasped to her icy breast. 

— The Loader. 


"You're cruel hard upon me, Jennie. I've lived 
upon hope so long — lived! rather starved upon it 
— that if you'll not say 'yes,' I'll just take 'no' for 
my answer, and what becomes of me after I don't 

"Don't he foolish, Dick. Wouldn't it he wrong 

to both of us if I said 'yes,' and — and " 

"And what, Jennie? - ' was the eager interroga- 

"Didn't feel it. I don't feel like loving— 1 don't 
feel like wedding.'' in a gayer tone. "Patience is 
a virtue Dick; do practice it." 

"Haven't I for these months done so?" was the 
rejoinder. "I can't any longer — no, Jennie, I 

The speakers stood in a small glen, from which 
extended dune-like hills, over which, up and 
down, ran a white path leading to the nearest 
town four miles distant; another path at the 
other end of the glen led to the village of Cliff- 
side, within a mile and a half of the broad open 

Jenny, farmer Harry's daughter, was the belie 
of Cliffside. Brunette, with heathful complexion, 
sparkling eyes, and perfect mouth, she had speed- 
ily won the leal love of Dick Anstey, who worked 
a neighboring farm for his father. 

They had known each other from their first re- 
collection, and, in Dick's case, with his manhood 
came love. For months now he had wooed, and 
though never repulsed by a "no," could win no 
"yes" from Jennie. The girl was not a coquette; 
she spoke truth when she said she did not feel like 
loving or wedding. 

Dick, grasping a bough that bent near, looking 
down at her, a gloomy expression on his handsome 
young face, exclaimed, after reflection: 

"Jennie, I begin to think you don't know your 
own mind." 

"Very likely," she laughed. "At times I think 
so, too." 

"And you don't mind a hit how you torture 

Jennie replied by a reproachful glance. 
"I think I'd better be going," she said, quietly. 
"I did not ask you to love me, Dick. If — if I 
don't care for you yet, enough to wed, is the fault 
mine? You are your own master." 

"Jennie, as you said that, your lip trembled,'' 
he cried, catching her hand. " Think dear; don't 
drive me to despair. Say 'yes.' " 

"Indeed, Dick, I couldn't yet,'' was the persis- 
tent response. " Be patient." 

" To be refused, perhaps, at last," he ejaculated, 
the anger of suffering getting the better of him. 
" No, Jennie, I can be patient n) longer. Heaven 
have mercy on me ! Wait and be won by an- 
other, though his affection can never equal mine." 
He turned and strode away up the path. 
" Dick !" exclaimed Jennie. "Where are you 
going ?" 

"To the town." 
Jennie paused, then added : 
" When will you be back ?" 
"Sometime in the afternoon, I reckon." 
"Do. Be back before dusk. Dick; you know 
the sea fog and the mists make the path danger- 
ous, later." 

This interest in his safety caused him to halt, 
and, turning hack, regard her with eager, ques- 
tioning glance. Had she relented ? 

Jennie understood the mute appeal, and an- 
swered in the same language. She averted her 
face, dropping her head on her breast. 

She heard his step resumed. When she looked 
up a few moments after, he had gone The girl 
drew a deep, long sigh, and remained, her eyes 
bent wistfully in the direction he had taken. 
Then she also turned, taking the opposite path, 
until she reached another branching from it, 
leading to her home. 
"I wish I could say different," she mused, sigh- 

ing, "for Dick's sake: he is so — so good and kind, 
and loves me so, it's hard to make him wretched. 
That is it, if I only knew I really loved him as he 
deserves; but I don't. I've loved him, indeed, 
from when we were children, but that can't be 
the love that a wife should feel. Why, I'm as at 
home with him, and as familiar as with brother 
Ben. The love he wants me to feel surely must 
he different to that. If I made a mistake, wouldn't 
it be as cruel for him as for me ?" 

The brightness faded out of her pretty face. 
Jennie went sadly, thoughtfully on, now and 
again, when on high ground, looking over the 
glen to the hills, along the narrow path, crossing 
which she could perceive the stalwart figure of 
the young farmer striding on. 

The last time, pausing, shading her eyes with 
her hand, she waited until, surmounting the 
crest of a hill, he disappeared at the other side 

"I hope he'll keep his word," she thought, con- 
tinuing her way. "The mists appear gathering 
even now." 

Jennie's fear was verified. The indications of 
mist and sea-fog, which would not have been 
noticed by a casual observer, were plain to her 
practiced, observant eye. 

Again and again did she go to the casement, 
and look over the plants filling the broad window- 
sill at the hills, each time noticing the mists 
were thicker. 

"Ben," she said, "Dick's gone to the town this 
afternoon; I hope he'll be back early." 

"Trust him. He knows the hill mists as well 
as anyone," replied Ben, busy polishing his 

"So did Ned (irice," said Jennie. "Yet he fell 
into the Creuse during the mist, and was washed 
away by the river. We'd never have known any- 
thing about it, if his body hadn't been caught be- 
tween two rocks." 

"Don't put yourself in a taking, Jennie," res- 
ponded Ben. "Dick'll know what he's about." 

But Jennie could not help being in a taking. 
Restless, she was unable to settle to any work. 
Ben's indifferent placidity irritated her almosl 
beyond bearing. Every five minutes she made 
excuses to herself to get near the casement, and 
every time the mist was thicker. 

She had never felt as she did now. So nervous 
and unrestful. as if conscious of coming evil. She 
told herself the reason was that last interview 
with Dick. He had been so different, so gloomy, 
with an expression half despair, half recklessness, 
as lie went from her. 

Why — why did he love her so much, or why 
did she not love him more ? 

But she did love him, in a way, Never had she 
felt so anxious about Ben as she was feeling now 
for Dick. Was it that if harm came to him she 
should accuse herself as the cause ? 

And now all the hills were enveloped in the 
thick white sea fog, out of which the highest 
reared its crest like an island; across it, gleaning 
the path, Dick Anstey must traverse on his re- 

By this time she had succeeded in inlecting 
Ben with her anxiety. By her entreaty he got 
his telescope, and watched the crest for the mov- 
ing dark speck which would be Dick, and which 
would tell that he was iu safety; for the Creuse 
would have been passed, and the way then all 
plain sailing. 

And Jennie looked, too, but in her agitation, 
and the mist in her eyes, could see nothing, bo 
had to depend upon Ben's better vision. 

" Look, look again, Ben, dear !" she pleaded, 
eagerly. "He may pass, and you may miss 

" Then lie', I lie safe, Jennie," he said. "Why, 
what a taking you are in. Is it. Jen, that your 
heart is Dick's after all ?" 

And Jennie, who had been kneeling and strain- 
ing her ga/e towards the path, along which no 
flgure came, covering her face, answered: 


"Ob. Ben, it's true! I love him— yes, I'm sure 
I love h' .—but 1 did not know — no, not until 
now — ffhen I feel I shall never see him again. 
•He was right when in the glen he told me to-day 
I did not know my own mind. Look, Ben — oh! 
look again!" 

Ben looked, but he saw no Dick — only that the 
sea of mist was higher, like a rising tide. Five 
minuses later the crest of the hill itself was 

Yet he might return, for all that. He might, 

but did not. Still, there was no occasion for 

n. He had done more wisely than come. 

He had stayed in the town, and would return in 

the morning. 

When Jennie's excitement was allayed, partly 
from the recoil of exhaustion, she saw this must 
most likely be, and felt some shame at her own 
fears. Nevertheless, she could not sleep, but 
1 and sighed impatiently for the morning. 
ame, all bright and golden, the mists dis- 
pel sed, and Jennie, but for the shame of it, would 
liked herself to have started across those hills 
for the town. 

But she had to wait until near noon, when, no 
Dick appearing, Ben, anxious himself, and in pity 
for her, went. 

At his father's farm was anxiety, too, for they 
said he had work to do which should have brought 
him back first thing at dawn. 

"Shall I say you sent me?" asked Ben, ere 

Jennie hesitated, a color rose to her cheek, 

"Yes," she replied, quietly, "say I sent you, 
Ben. He will understand." 

It was long past noon before Ben returned, and 
he came alone. 

Jennie's heart fell as she beheld his solitary 
figure; a sob like a moaning cry burst from her 
lips. She had been waiting for him on the hill- 
side. Now she hurried forward to meet him. 

"Ben," she gasped, "tell me — you — you have 
seen Dick? Oh, Heaven!" with a cry, as she 
looked into his face, "you have not. Speak. 
What has happened?" 

Ben could not meet those wild, piteous eyes; 
he averted his, as he spoke: 

"He left the town to return before the fog 
came on. No one has seen him since; but this 
has been found in the Creuse, and this." 

He held out a hat, a stick. They were Dick's. 
Jennie knew them well. 

" Dead — dead I" she ejaculated, faintly, as one 
who dreams. " It was I who drove him to his 
death, for had I said ' yes,' he would have stayed. 
I love him ! — oh, yes, I know I love him, and I 
have killed him ! Heaven forgive me !" 

The words trailed into silence as, white as 
stone, like one struck for death, Jennie swayed, 
sunk upon her knees, then fell prone upon the 

So, in that fatal mist, Dick Anstey had stumbled 
into the Creuse and been carried away to the 

Ben's task was a hard one, for after he had 
taken Jennie home, he had to break the news to 
the old farmer — the dead man's father. 

•' My Dick dead ?" exclaimed the old man, after 
listening. " He lost in the mist ? Take your 
news elsewhere, Ben Barry, for I don't believe it; 
my Dick wouldn't leave me alone in the world. 
If he has — if he has," and he fiercely grasped the 
arms of his chair, " it's your sister Jennie that's 
driven him to it. But I know better." 

Ben felt too much pity to be angry, even to 
make a sharp retort. Dick dead, the old man 
was desolate indeed; but that Dick was, with the 
obstinacy of the aged, the farmer would not ad- 
mit. Nevertheless, he would not have Jennie 
come near him. If she did, he angrily blamed 
her for the sorrow and trouble that were his. 

One day they met, when no one was by. As 
ytfual the pid wan'» words streamed forth, 

Patiently, with sad face, Jennie listened and bore; 
then she said, very meekly: 

"I deserve all. I did not know. Believe me, 
if by myself dying I could bring Dick back to 
life, I'd die here where I stand." 

He looked, with his keen dark eyes, under 
his shaggy gray brows, at her in silence. Possi- 
bly her wan misery touched him, for saying no 
more, but wagging his head, he passed on, bring- 
ing his stick sharply on the ground. 

Wan and sad indeed was Jennie; the light had 
gone out of her pretty face; the buoyant step was 
as heavy as the heart within her bosom. All 
Cliffside saw how she loved Dick Anstey now; 
she did not try to conceal it. 

"Yes," she would say "it is true. But I did 
not know. We had been as brother and sister 
together, so I did not understand. When I 
knew, it was too late." 

So a year went by, and on the anniversary 
of that last meeting in the glen, instead of mist 
the sun went down in a bed of lurid cloud; a 
wind rushed now and again over the waters ; 
and the fishers knew tempest and storm would 
soon be rampant. 

Then a whisper got about that it was the first 
storm since Dick Anstey fell into the Creuse, and 
if his body had sunk in some "rock pool, it might 
in the turmoil be washed ashore at last. 

"I pray not," thought Jennie, with a shudder. 
"Oh! I pray not!" 

Nevertheless, her eyes questioned all who came 
for news. The thought haunted her, and as she 
laid awake, listening to the storm, she thought of 
the man whose memory she loved, beating about 
in the waters. 

Suddenly, as the tempest for a moment lulled, 
she heard a movement in the house. There were 
people up. What had happened? Springing 
from her bed, partly dressing, she hurried out to 
learn the cause. 

"A ship is breaking up upon the rocks," replied 
Ben. "We are going to the shore." 

"Wait a second," said Jennie; "I will come too. 
Everyone may be of some help." 

Soon, clinging to Ben, she was facing the fierce 
wind. Fortunately, it did not rain, and the moon 
fitfully sailing between two masses of wrack, threw 
its pale light upon the boiling sea, and the ship 
rolling, and gradually breaking upon the rocks. 
There were boats out, gone to the rescue; but 
already portions of the ship were being washed on 
to the beach. 

"The bodies will come next," said a fisher. 

It was so. Tossed and bruised, they came. 
Some had swam, and lost consciousness only 
when they were in safety. 

All sought to help. One of the chief to do so 
was Jennie, passing to and fro. Abruptly as she 
went, scanning the waters, a body, living or dead 
she knew not was washed to her feet. Quickly 
stooping, she seized it, and dragged it beyond the 
reach of the hungry sea. Then she bent down to 
look into the face to see if the man were living. 

Just then the mcon sent its light down in a 
silvery flood. A scream rang from Jennie's 

"Dick!" she shrieked. "Dick!" 

A moment later, recalling what the fishers had 
said, she recoiled, shuddering. The next, she 
had leaped again forward. This was no long- 
drowned man. Once more she gazed into the 
face, Dick's face, with the hair wet, and clinging 
about it. 

And as she looked, the eyes, opening, gazed 
into hers, while the lips spoke, "Jennie." 

Again a cry. 

"Ben — Ben, come, it is Dick — Dick, alive, not 

After that, for a while Jennie was conscious of 

It was true. Dick alive, An hour later, in 
Ben's clothes, he sat in the farm kitchen with 

Jennie, prepared to tell all, and — yes, ask forgive- 

He had felt so convinced that she did not know 
her own mind, that she really loved him, that 
"For your sake and mine, Jennie, I hit upon this 
plan to prove it. I just threw my hat and stick 
into the Creuse, then started over the hills to the 
seaport and shipped for America. No one knew 
but dad, who kept me informed about you; and 
when, dear, you said you'd lay down your life to 
bring back mine, I thought, darling, it was time 
to come." 

"Then, Dick, your father was aware of it all 
along ?" 

"Ay, Jennie. Do you think I could have de- 
ceived the poor old dad ?"' 

"No — only me, Dick." 

" It was to win your love, Jennie," he pleaded. 
"Can you forgive ? Will you give me your 
heart ?" 

" Dick," she answered, softly, " it has been 
yours always, dear, only I did not know." 

E. w. p. 


[From Our Exchanges.] 

The new Japanese torpedo gun-boat Chrishima Kan, built 
in France, has a speed of 22 knots an hour. 

Sweden and Norway are framing a load-line bill on the 
same lines as the one in force in Great Britain. 

A seamless steel boat 15 feet long has been constructed at 
Wakefield, England, by means of dies and hydraulic pressure. 
The Russian Miuister of Marine has ordered the con- 
struction at Sevastopol of an ironclad for the Black Sea 

It is stated that new quick-tiring guns are to be placed on 
all first-class warships of the French navy at the close of 
the year. 

The Chinese Government has decided to establish a school 
of marine engineering for the raising of a corps of marine 
and naval engineers. 

German shipbuilding in 1891 was: Steamers, 39,806; 
sailers, 2t>,552. In 1890 the figures were: Steamers, 
55,290; sailers, 13,697. 

The new first-class British battleship Empress of India is 
the largest war vesstl that has ever entered the Med way. 
She is 14,150 tons displacement. 

In a large oil-tank steamer now being built on the Tees, 
England, the machinery is amidships, and a double shaft 
tunnel runs through the after oil-tanks. 

The big four-masted ship Invertrossachs, from Philadel- 
phia, February 15th for Calcutta, was abandoned and 25 of 
her crew saved by the steamship Mendelssohn. 

Good progress with the two new giant steamers for the 
Cuuard Line is being made in Scotland. Though only begun 
in September, one of them is expected to be ready for launch- 
ng in June or July. 

On January 1st there were building in Norwegian ship- 
yards 40 sailing vessels of a total carrying capacity of 18,460 
tons (four being of steel), and 27 steamers to carry in the 
aggregate, 8830 tons. Ouly one of the steamers is of large 
capacity, viz., 2440 tons; while the largest sailing vessel is 
of 1300 tons. 

Admiral Sir John Commerell, who holds the Victoria 
Cross and was in command of the North American fleet 
from 1882 to 1884, has been selected by the British naval 
authorities to till the vacancy caused by the death of Sir 
Provo Wallis, who had held the senior admiralship of the 
fleet up to the 102d year of his age. 

The British ironclad Repulse, recently launched at Pem- 
broke, is a steel, twin-screw, double-barbette battleship of 
14, 150 tons' displacement, measuring 3S0 feet long and 75 
feet broad and having a mean draught of 27 feet 6 inches. 
The engines, which are vertical triple-expansion ones, will 
develop 9000-horse power with natural draught, and will 
drive the ship, it is expected, at a speed of 16 knots. With 
forced draught they will develop 13,000 horse power, and 
give a speed of 17.5 knots. The vessel will carry 900 tons 
of coal, which will enable her to steam 5000 knots at 10 
knots an hour without refilling her bunkers; but, in case of 
necessity, she will be able to stow about 400 tons more, and 
so obtain a radius of action of over 7000 knots. The chief 
armament of the Repulse will consist of four 13.5-inch 67-ton 
guns. These have arcs of training of about 200 degrees, 
and all four guns can be simultaneously discharged on either 
broadside. The secondary armament will consist of ten 6- 
inoh quick-firing guns of 40 calibres. These are carried in 
the box battery between the barbettes, two on each broad- 
side being on the main deck in sponsons, and three on each 
broadside being on the upper deck. The tertiary armament 
consist of 16 2 24-inch 6 pounder qiickfirin^ guns, 12 of 
which are on the main and four on the upper deck; ten 1.85- 
inch 3-pounder quick-firing guns on the upper deck and 
superstructure and in the tups; eight machine guns, and, for 
landing purposes, two 9-pounder field guns. There will also 
be five above water and two submerged torpedo tubes. The 
total estimated cost is §4,158,390 — an enormous sum in 
truth, although she promises to be the cheapest »hiu 'of h,e{> 



The steamer Olympian goes on the Alaska route. 

Work on the battleship Oregon is progressing rapidly. 

Six more schooners have left Point Ksquimault for the seal 

The Fulwood and Imberhome have been ordered here in 
ballast from Bio. 

The big ship Liverpool, 3330 tuns, now at Sydney, is to 
load coal for this port. 

The Port Towusend Yacht Club is having two catboats 
built. They will be Hue crafts. 

The schooners Paint and Say ward have left Hesquot, the 
former with 105 skins, and the latter with 150. 

The bark J. D. Peters for Portland and the ship Shenan- 
doah for San Fraucisco have sailed from New York. 

Captain Starkey of the ship Taooina has resigned com- 
mand of that vessel, and Mate Gaffuey will go as captain of 
the ship. 

Two fine sloops belonging to the San Juan Pishing Com- 
pany were wrecked in a gale Tuesday night off Carmanah 
Point, B. C. 

The steamer Montserrat is likely to be sent to Central 
America to briug up the cargo of coffee intended for the 
wrecked steamer West Indian. 

The North American Trading Company is establishing a 
coaling station at Dutch Harbor, near Unalaska, and will 
have shipments made from the Sound. 

The Central American coast has become something of a 
terror to our steamers, two of which have been swallowed 
up recently, and two others damaged. 

The British ship Thermopylae from Bankok, Siani, has 
arrived at Vancouver, B. C. The crew for the past two 
weeks have subsisted eutirely upon rice. 

The work on the steamer Bio de Janeiro is Hearing com- 
pletion, and she is expected to take her place on the run 
between here and China on the 5th of April. 

The ships Socotia and Milton Stewart have been secured 
to load at Newcastle on-Tyne for this port. The only ship 
now on the way from that port is nine days out. 

The fishing schooner Lizzit Colby set sail for Auacortes 
for a season's cruise off the Aleutian Islands for cod last 
week. The vessel anticipates a 480,000-pound cargo this 

Thousands of pounds of smelt have been caught at Castle 
Rock, Oregon, a fisherman standing on the bank with a 
small scoop-net being able to dip out in a few minutes more 
than he can carry away. 

Second Officer J. H. Kynders of the Oceanic has been ap- 
pointed to the Gaelic as chief officer. E. A. Tuttle, for- 
merly freight clerk of the Oceauic, has been promoted to 
purser of the same vessel. 

The repairs to the British ship Orissa have beeu com- 
pleted and the balance of her cargo discharged. She was 
dismasted some time ago in Mission Bay by dragging her 
anchor and fouling with the iron ship Gowanburn. 

The new pilot-boat now being built to take the place of 
the Caleb Curtis is nearly leady for launching. While 
fully as large as the America, she is built on finer lines, and 
is expected to prove a faster sailer. The new flyer will be 
christened the Bonita. 

The sealing schooner Mary Kllen has put into Victoria, B. 
C, being unable to obtain an Indian crew. The biggest 
catch made so far by the Indian crew is fifteen. None of the 
other schooners have got away from the British Columbia 
coast yet. After the potlatches are over it is expected the 
Indians will be willing to go. 

The ship Tarn o' Shanter has sailed with a cargo of Cumber- 
land coal from Baltimore for this port. This will make five 
ships on the way from that port with coal One of these is 
143 days out, but was detained three days at Bio in reliev- 
ing choked pumps. The J. B. Walker and George Stetson 
are now up at Baltimore for this port. 

The five-masted schooner Gov. Ames, which has been em- 
ployed in the British Columbia coal trade since her arrival 
from Baltimore a year ago, has been placed in the lumber 
trade, and has sailed from Port Gamble for Port Pirie, Aus- 
tralia. She registers 1690 tons, and takes out the largest 
cargo of lumber ever put aboard a schooner on the Sound. 

In addition to the Eastcroft and Howth, reported some 
time ago, the Breidablik and Langdale have been chartered 
to load at Liverpool for this port. The Langdale has only 
just arrived, and still has her inward cargo aboard. The 
other three are supposed to be loading. Beside these, there 
are" seven vessels on the way, which are out from 22 to 97 

Work on the Pacific Mail Company's new steamer, now 
building at a local yard, is progressing very favorably. Her 
dimensions are as follows : Length between perpendiculars, 
326 feet; over all, 345 feet; beam, 45 feet; depth of hold, 
27^4 feet. She will be supplied with six steel boilers, 
each 12 feet in diameter aud 11J4 feet in length, with a 
working pressure of 160 pounds. 

At 9:40 o'clock on Saturday morning the Columbia-river 
light-ship was successfully launched at the Union Iron 
Works. She is called Columbia River No. 50, is rigged as a 
two-masted schooner, and carries enough sail to permit her 
being handled should she break away from her moorings. 
She is fitted with a steam boiler to supply steam to the big 
fog siren. The new vessel is 1 12 feet long, 12 feet deep and 
27 feet beam. She will be towed to the Columbia River by 
the new tug Fearless. 


There are twelve ships on the way from New York for 
this port, and five more engaged to follow. 

A new vessel to take the place of the lost West Indian on 
the Central American route is expected here on April 1st. 

The new coal bunkers being erected on East street, be- 
tween Mission and Howard, will have a storage capacity of 
2300 tons. 

The steamer Danube has arrived at Victoria, B. C, from 
the north. She brought the first Oolachan catch from Naas 
and oil from Skidegat. 

Captain Williams of the Frederick Billings has been dis- 
charged from custody by Commissioner Sawyer and the 
charges against him dismissed. 

The three-masted schooner John G. North is I aving a new 
foremast atid mainmast put in. The masts were badly 
sprung in the last trip from the Hawaiian Islands. 

The United States lighthouse inspectors have replaced the 
whistling buoy with black ai.d white perpendicular tripes 
that shifted from its plase near Point Arguello, Cal. 

The Union Pacific's steamer North Pacific makes her last 
trip to Victoria, li. ('., next Thursday. The Northern 
Pacific steamers will have the business all to themselves. 

The ship Old Kensington has been secured to follow the 
Clan McKenzie, now loading at London for this port. Three 
ships are on the way, 55, 30 and 23 days out respectively. 

The ships Shenandoah, Captain Murphy, from New York, 
aud the S. D. Carleton, Captain Amesbury, from Philadel- 
phia, have sailed from the latter city for the Golden Gate on 
a race. 

One of the Upton steamships has sailed for Japan from 
Portland with a full carg > of flour, lumber and a lot of live 
stock for breeding purposes and a considerable shipment of 
lager beer, in which quite a trade is growing up with the 

The ship W. II. M.uv, 2092 tuns, which has just arrived 
at Havre with a cargo of California wheat, will proceed to 
New York after discharging, having been chartered to load 
a miscellaneous cargo at that port for San Prancisc i at $7 50 
per ton. 

It is now generally conceded that the barks Minnyhive 
and Morecambe Bay have been lost at sea. The former is 
now out 237 day from Swansea for this port with a cargo of 
anthracite coal, and the latter is out 155 days from Bio de 
Janeiro in ballast for Portland. Both were British vessels, 
and the name of each captain is Johnston. 

Judge Hanford of Seattle has handed down a decision in 
the famous Bering Sea case of the United States versus 
the schooner James G. Swan. The Swan was seized on 
July 20, 1889, for violating the fur seal laws, and declared 
forfeited. The Judge in his decision sustains the forfeiture. 

The United States revenue cruiser Bear now refitting at 
Howard-street wharf 3, will probably go to the Arctic Ocean 
in the whaling interest and afterward do duty in the Bering 
Sea. The vessel is now nearly ready for service and can 
steam ten knots under ordinary conditions. She carries two 
3-inch breech-loading rifles and two 24-pound Dahigren guns. 

San Pedro, which heretofore has had no official designa- 
tion, is made a sub-port of entry, under the bill changing 
the name of the Wilmington Collection district to the Los 
Angeles district, aud Bedondo and Santa Monica are added 
to the ports of delivery of the district, which have hereto- 
fore been confine 1 to Santa Barbara, Ventura and Hneneme, 

News has been received of the ocean race betweeu the 
British four-masted ships Buteshire and the Armadale, both 
of Glasgow, which left San Francisco on December 2d —the 
first bound for Dunkirk and the second for Cork. Fifty-six 
days after the start the vessels were spoken 300 mile3 south- 
east of the Falkland Islands, where the Armadale was only 
one mile in advance of her rival. 

According to the report of Captain Nelson of the British 
ship Anchien Cairn, the crew of the wrecked ship Crown of 
Italy, which went ashore on Cape San Diego, near Cape 
Horn, are camped near the scene of the wreck, and are sav- 
ing all they can from the ship, which is rapidly going to 
pieces. A late dispatch from London states that the crew 
have arrived at Montevideo. 

Dispatches received from Acijutla, Sm Salvador, state 
that the steamer West Indian went ashore near that place 
early on the morning of the 21st inst. and has become a total 
wreck. The West Indian was a British "tramp" steamer, 
and too well known in this port. She ran on the same reef 
on which the mail steamer Nicaragua was wrecked a few 
weeks ago. The steamer was owned by G. C. Dobell & ( lo. 
of Liverpool, and was built in 1865 for the British West 
Indian trade. The details of the disaster have not yet been 
received. The vessel was valued at >'H)0,000, and is said 
to be fully insured. 

The old Pensacola has arrived from Honolulu. Needed 
repairs to the old battleship will amount to more than she 
is worth, and therefore it is likely she will be put out of 
commission. However, in spite of the fact that she was 
built before the war she is the best of the old navy now 
afloat. She arrived on this coast in the early 70's, and siuce 
that time has been fligship for fifteen years. The Pensacola 
is 268 feet Ion-, fl'_. feet beam, 20 feet draught and 3000 
tons displacement. She is a full-rigged ship and has a 
propeller driven by a horizontal back-acting engine of 1000 
horse-pow r er. She carries a main battery of four 37-millimeter 
Hotchkiss cannon and two light guns. The ship carries a 
crew of 415, all told, and is nearly 100 men short of her full 

\\ hile Frederick Bobinson and John Spence, .-.ppreutices, 
were being hoisted on board the ship Clackmannanshire, 
lyiDg at Martinez, in one of the ship's boats iu which they 
had just returned from shore, the hook in the stern of 
the boat, to which the block and tackle was attached, 
gave way. Bobinson, who was standing in the stern 
of the boat, fell into the water and was drowned. Spence 
held on to the boat in the fall and suffered a severe sprain 
of the knee, dislocating the knee-joint. The lost boy was a 
native of Newcastle-on-Tyue, England, where his parents 
reside, ard was 16 years of age. This was his second voyage 
on the ship. 

The sttainer Tillamook, which towed up the disabled 
steamer Sirius, and afterward sailed from San Diego with 
supplies for the Cedros Island Mining Company, and to 
bring up a cargo of gold ore, has been detained at Ensi I 
by the custom house people there for violation of the laws, 
in passing by on her way up with the Sirius without stop 
ping to report and have cargo inspected. It was proton 
that the weather would not admit the stopping ther» with 
the helpless steamer in tow, as Bnsenada is nothing but an 
open roadstead, etc., but the dignified officials are always on 
the qui vive to show their authority, and something out of 
the common order cf things may be always looked for. 

The House Committee on Bivers and Harbors has recom- 
mended that si ,700,000 be appropriated for the improve- 
ment of the Columbia Biver. Among the appropriations in 
the bill above $10,000 are the following: California — Hrum- 
bo'dt harbor and hay $200,000, Oakland $150,000; Wilming- 
ton |20>000, San Diego 150,000, San I.uis Obispo S30.000. 
The committee did not make any provision for restraining 
works for the debris in Sacramento or San Joaquin rivers. 
The $20 ',000 appropriated for Humboldt harbor will be used 
for the completion ot the work. New projects will not be 
undertaken. The money tor San Pedro will be expended on 
the inside work aud at San Diego in deepening the inside 

It is not often that ships cover the distance between 
England and California in two figures, or inside of 100 
days. Such trips have been made, though not every year. 
It is easier to go from San Francisco to a port iu England 
than to go from a port iu England to San Francisco, so there 
are more two figure trips on record in going from this coast 
than in returning to this coast In the last cereal year, 389 
ships left the Pacific Coast with Hour and grain for Europe, 
and not a single one made the trip iuside of 105 days. This 
year, the record to date shows tint four vessels have ar- 
rived out iuside of 100 days. All these vessels left San 
Francisco last December. They are the Euphrates in 99 
days, the Knight of St. Michaels in 97, the Alcinous in 95, 
and the Falls of Garry in 91. It is possible that some more 
of the December fleet will make the trip out iu less than 100 

The United States steamer Yorktown has arrived here 
from South American ports, she will go to Mare island to 
be cleaned. The is built after the model of the 
Serpent class of vessels of the British navy. The rig of 
the Yorktown is that of a three-misted Bcbooner, She is a 
sister ship of the gunboats Bennington and Concord aud was 
built by Cramp & Sons. She is 226 feet in length and can 
Steam sixteen knots per hour. She went to the West 
Indies, Brazil and Chile. The vessel is lighted by electric- 
ity aud her motive power is furnished by two triple expan- 
sion engines. Her main battery cousists of six 6-inch 
breech-loading rifles, two o i the forecastle and two on poop 
and oue mounted on each side in the waist in a sponson. 
The secondary bittery consists of eight rapid-fire guus and 
revolviug cannon on rail au 1 trip id mounts. The vessel has 
eight torpedo guns or launching tubes, fixed ones in the 
stem and stern, and three training tub;s on each side. 


The ship Invincible has sailed from San Diego for the 
Sound to load lumber on foreign account. 

The British iron ship Benares has arrived at Port Town- 
send iu ballast from Valparaiso. She was chartered prior to 
arrival to load lumber on the Sound for Callao by J. VV. 
Grace k Co. of this city, the rate beiug :>'.">■;. 

British iron ship Fascadale, 1979 tons, wheat to United 
Kingdom, Havre or Antwerp; 16s. 6d. 

Norwegian bark Mynt, 1250 tons, now on the Sound, 
lumber from Blikeley to Santos; 65s — chartered prior to 

Ship James Nesmith, 1662 tons, goes in ballast to tie 
West (oast to load nitrate for New York at 18s. 

The schooner Louisa D, 90 tons, loads merchandise for 
Guayaquil; schooner Viking, 140 tons, merchandise for Cen- 
tral America; Norwegian bark Emblem, 1 152 tons, lumber 
on the Sound for United Kingdom, 70s prior to arrival. 

The British iron ship Burmah, 1617 tons, is chartered for 
lumber from Puget Sound to the West Coast, Pisa- 
gua range, at 35s. The barkeutine Modoc, 439 tons, loads 
coal at Seattle for Guaymas; British iron bark Argyleshire, 
70S tons, lumber on the Sound for Valparaiso for orders, 
Pisagua range, prior to arrival, 40s British ship Earl Grau- 
ville, 1149 tons, lumber at British Columbia for Cork, 62s 6d. 


January 28th, Lat 52 8, long 50 W, Italian ship Maodiar- 
mid, hence November 23d for Liverpool. 

February 5th, Lat 13 S, long 34 W, British bark Earls- 
court, from Liverpool to San Francisco. 


February 6th, Lat 35 S, long 30 W, British ship Craig- 
lands, from Oregon for Queenstown. 

February 7th, Lat 26 S, long 29 W, Norwegian bark 
Europa, hence November 18th for Westport. 

February 2d, Lat 35 S, long 33 W, British bark Royal 
Alice, from Seattle for Dunkirk. 

January 28th, 51 S, 52 \V, British ship Lebu, from Vic- 
toria for Liverpool. 


Antwerp from Tacoma — Ship Lindisfarne, March 19; 
Italian ship F. S. Ciampa from San Francisco, March 22. 

Falmouth from Oregon — Ship Blythewood, March 21. 

Havre from San Francisco — Ships Euphrates and Chas. E. 
Moody, March 21; Solitaire from Oregon, March 22. 

Auckland from San Francisco — Mariposa, March 25. 

Queenstown from San Francisco— Ship Knight of St. 
(Michaels, March 24. 

Sligo from San Francisco — Bark Algoa Bay, March 24. 

Coquiinbo from Port Townsend — Norwegian ship Prince 
Edward, March 21. 



Newcastle, N. S. W., for San Francisco — Ship Thallata. 
March 24. 

The Wheat Fleet. 

), Vessels that got away from this coast for Europe in the 
first three weeks of last December are making a good sailing 
record for themselves. Of the 32 vessels which sailed from 
this port in that interval, 6 have arrived in 109, 106, 104, 
99, 95 and 91 days respectively. There have also been two 
arrivals from Oregon recently in trips of Kil and 100 days. 

The Blengfell takes to Queenstown 10,350 centals of 
wheat and 24,368 centals of barley, valued at $47,204. 

For the first three weeks this month we have cleared only 
seven vessels with Hour and grain, against 21 vessels for the 
first three weeks in March, 1891. In other words, from 
February 1st to March 21st, both dates inclusive, we cleared 
23 vessels with Hour and grain against 46 vessels in the same 
time last year. These totals show a falling off of 50 per 
cent in the wheat movement this year. 

All the October wheat Heet from this port have now re- 
ported at destination, except the Annie E. Wright, Audrosa 
and Ocean, which left here October 7th, 27th and 31st. The 
first-named was detained at Bahia. 

Of the 36 vessels cleared from this port for Europe last 
November, 15 have arrived out, including two in 106 and 
109 days. Of the 21 unreported vessels for November, 15 
sailed after the 20th of that month, and some of these are 
likely to reach their destination in a few days, as the winds 
were generally favorable to the vessels getting away from 
the port between November 20th and December 20th. At 
least 8 of the vessels sailing from the coast in that interval 
have gone into port inside of 1 10 days. 

The County of Edinburgh takes for Cork 66,531 centals 
wheat, valued at $106,500. 

Wheat shipments from Washington for 1891-92 have come 
to an end. In the crop year of 1S90-91, there were fifty 
ships loaded at Seattle and Tacoma with wheat and Hour for 
Europe. For the cereal year of 1891-92 to date, 48 have 
been loaded and cleared, the last one taking its departure 
March 15th. There is no vessel loading wheat on the Sound 
for Europe. It is known that 13 of the 48 cleared since 
August 1st have arrived out. This leaves 35 still afloat from 
"Washington, several of which are about due at destination. 

Oregon sent off 81 ships with wheat and flour for Europe 
in the cereal year of 1890-91. For the current cereal year to 
date 76 have been loaded and cleared, of which 14 have 
arrived out, leaving 62 on the way. There have been no 
wheat vessels from Oregon since March 3d, though in the 
meantime there have been five under engagement. In addi- 
tion there are one wood and six fine iron ships in the Columbia 
Kiver waiting an engagement. It is probable that the five 
under engagement will be loaded, but it is doubtful if any 
new vessel will be added to the wheat-loading fleet for 
account of 1891 92. These seven free ships in the river will 
have to wait over until August, or seek other business. It 
is probable that most of them will conclude to wait. 

Since July 1, 1891, there have been just 250 vessels cleared 
with flour and graiu from this port. Only 8 of this num- 
ber have been cleared this month. For the year 1S90-91, 
there were only 188 cleared up to March 24, 1891, but 
there were 1 1 more cleared before the end of that mouth, 
besides 27 in April, 20 in May and 13 in June, making a 
total of 259 for the year 1890 91. This year we have cleared 
250 vessels in 8^ months. There are now 12 vessels in the 
engaged list, but it is not certain that they will all load 
wheat, or that any new engagements will be made. 


Our Trade. 

The Roland takes a lumber cargo to Loudou valued at 

The fifth ship loaded with lumber at this port this year 
for Europe went to sea on the 24th. The quantity sent 
away so far is 4,018,250 feet. 

The Roland takes for London 633,700 feet of redwood 
lumber, 155,000 feet of sugar pine and 600 sugar pine doors, 
valued at $22,802; Brunei for Sydney, 1250 doors, 608,000 
feet of pine lumber, 470,000 feet of redwood lumber, 22,000 
laths and other building material, valued at $27,840; Orel 
for Sydney, 515 cases cauued fruit, 254 doors, 66,500 feet of 
pine lumber, 190,627 feet of redwood lumber, 100 barrels of 
syrup, etc., valued at $8662. 

The ship Tacoma left for New York on the 24lh with 
4527 gallons of brandy and 155,258 gallons of wine. 

Shoemakers' Hall, 597 Mission Street, 
Friday Evening, March 25, 1892. 

The Council met on the above date, President Mackay in 
the chair. 

Communications — From Sacramento, San Diego and Ala- 
meda Federations read and filed; from Longshore Lumber- 
men, notifying the Council of a reduction in wages by the 
Pacific Pine Lumber Company, and asking that the delegates 
notify their unions to keep men away during the trouble; read 
and filed. From Portland Federation, giving notice of trouble 
between Miners' Union, of Mullan, Idaho, and the Mine 
OwnerB' Association, and requesting all workingmen to keep 
away until further nonce, as there is a large number of idle 
men now on the ground. From A. F. of L, asking for in- 
formation in reference to the Employers' Association, and 
their attitude toward organized labor. Secretary 

instructed to furnish the information. From A. 
F. of L., giving notice of trouble and strike 
of the Quarrymen's Union at Port Deposit, Md., against Mc 
Clenahan Bros. The firm statss "that they will not allow 
their quarrymen to organize. It is not what is asked at 
present, but what you will a«k in the future; and we propose 
to stop that by breaking up your union now." A boycott 
was placed upon the firm on August 14, 1891, by the Quarry- 
men's Union and indorsed by the American Federation of 
Labor. They request all members of the Building Trades to 
assist in the boycott; referred to the Building Trades' Coun- 
cil. From the Executive Committee of the Eight-hour 
appeal case, calling for the election of three delegates from 
each trades and labor organization, to meet in convention on 
May 1, 1892, for the purpose of devising ways and means to 
secure legislative measures in the interests of labor. Com- 
munication received and recommendations indorsed. 

Executive Committee — Reported piogress in the Box- 
makers' matter. Had met in joint conference with a com- 
mittee from Building Trades' Council in regard to celebrating 
Labor Day jointly; committee had no power to act in the 
matter, but learned that the Building Trades' Council de- 
sired to share in the receipts. Had been present at a 
meeting of the Brew.ery Workmen and supervised the voting 
on the question of boycotting the National Brewery, 143 
votes being cast in favor of the boycott and two against. 
Had also visited Mr. Hansen in regard to discharging his 
non-union men; Mr. Hansen stated that he intended to keep 

Reports of Unions — Barbers' Union reported that they de- 
sired a committee to visit them. Visiting Committee was 
instructed to visit them. 

Upholsterers' Union reported are in thriving condition; 
also wished to organize a union in Portland, Or., as they 
desired to form an international organization. Will give a 
picnic at Glenwood on the 8th of May. 

Shoetitters reported having sent circulars to all the various 
federations, and are pushing boycott vigorously; the lirm is 
not doing much at present. 

Cigarmakers reported trade good all over the United 
States. All members are in good standing and all white 
cigarmakers in the State are members of the union. 

Sailors' Union reported that the captain of the Frederick 
Billings had been exonerated from blame in the loss of five 
men, notwithstanding the testimony of the majority of wit- 
nesses was against him. 

Coopers' Union reported that about one-third of their men 
were idle; it has not been so dull for ten years. Denied the 
report appearing in one of the papers that the bosses were 
going to lock them out; the bosses who fiud fault with the 
union rules are the ones running small shops, the proprietors 
of the wine vaults are satisfied with the union rules. 

Brewery workmen reported the city is filled with scabs 
who have come from all parts of the East in response to ad- 
vertisements. Some are on the verge of starvation, as many 
as can leave the city are doing so; they are cursing the 
bosses for bringing them out here. The bosses intend to 
lock out all their union men on Monday. Have not re- 
ceived all the returns from the North so would defer action 
on boycott on National Brewery until next meeting. Men 
resigning from the union are taken to a notary on Pine street 
who is filling out their resignations and swearing them in 
allegiance to the bosses. The bosses have said they would 
not reduce wages but they are doing so; in the malt houses 
the men are compelled to work for from $11 to $15 per week. 
The outlook for success is bright, brighter thau ever before, 
as all unions are unanimous on this boycott. Co-Operative 
Brewery will commence to brew next week. The combine 
have endeavored to cut off the supplies from the new brew- 
ery, but the contracts had been made before the object was 
known. The Pacific Coast Federation had indorsed the Co- 
operative Brewery. 

Tauners reported business dull and a number of men are 
out of work. The union had voted to appoint a committee 
to ascertain the amount of leather used in the city. Strike 
in Milwaukee still on; 1200 men had been out now nine 
weeks without losing a man. Are still sending financial 

Marine Cooks reported have added sixty new members to 
the roll; will have an open meeting on Tuesday evening, 
and desired the Council to send speakers to address the 

Harnessmakers reported that business u as picking ■ 1 1 > ; 
also read a letter from J. O'Kane, stating that he would 
rescind the agreement with the union. 

Pavers' Union reported that they had not met for some 
time; will meet regularly uow; expect soon to have other 
unions join with them. 

Reports of Committees — The Eight-hour Commiti 
ported that the brief in the eight-hour appeal case was being 
prepared, and it would take $600 to prosecute the case. 
The joint committee of the eight-hour appeal case had 
figured the Council's pro rata would be $200 On motion, 
delegates were instructed to bring the matter before their 
unions and ask for financial assistance, according to their 


Headquarters Sailors' Union of the Pacific. 
San Francisco. March 28, 1892. 
The regular weekly meeting called to order at 7:30 p. m., 
J. Haist presiding. First special business was the motion 
that the proportion of Probationary to Full members in each 
ship shall be one in three. After some discussion the motion 
was carried. J. Curran, W. Shoultz and Geo. Ranon, 153, 
were convicted of scabbing and ordered expelled. 

A.Furuseth, Secretary. 

Seattle Agency, March 21, 1892. 
Reports shipping dull. The crews of the Madison vessels 
received decree in their favor. Agent had libeled the 
schooner Governor Ames on behalf of John Paulson who had 
his leg broken on the said vessel. The proposition of Com- 
rade Sinner to raise an Emergency Fuud was discussed and 
a motion made that the Agency is not in favor of the same; 
carried. H. C. Thiel, Agent, P. O. Box 65. 

Port Townsend Agency, March 21, 1892. 
Reports shipping dull. In the course of a debate on the 
proposed Emergency Fund the Ageucy expressed itself 
largely in favor of such, with certain modifications on the 
manuer of raising the same. The Agency favored the 
motion, passed in Eureka, protesting against the expulsion 
of members who had been convicted of criminal offenses. 
P. T. O'Brien, Agent, P. O. Box 48. 

Victoria (B.C.) Agency, March 20, 1892. 
Reports prospects in that locality generally fair for further 
organizing. The Empress of Japau would arrive during the 
week and it was expected that her crew would join the 
Union. A committee was appointed to look into the matter 
of providing uniforms for the Agency. 

P. Glynn, Agent, P. O. Box 849. 

San Diego Agency, March 19, 1892. 
Report no meeting owing to a lack of quorum. Few men 
ashore and very little shipping. The sentiment among the 
members seems to be in favor of the Emergency Fund. Sev- 
eral men have been shipped in foreign vessels at Union rates. 
Geo. Hoen, Agent, P. O. Box 608. 

Eoreka Agency, March 20, 1892. 
Reports shipping dull. The proposal to raise an Emergency 
Fund was debated and a motion that the Agency does not 
favor the same carried unanimously. A large fleet of vessels 
in port and many of those laid up. 

J. Benediktson, Agent, P. O. Box 327. 

San Pedro, March 21, 1892. 
Reports shipping dull. The resolution concerning the 
pioposed Emergency Fund was tabled indefinitely. 

<;. T. Leighton, Agent, P. O. Box 101. 

Marine Cooks and Stewards. 

At the last meeting of the above union the Secretary re- 
ported trade was about as usual. Six members were initi- 
ated. An open meeting would be held on Tuesday evening, 
March 29th. The meeting decided to send a member to San 
Pedro and San Diego to organize branches of the union. A 
collection was taken up for Mrs. Anderson, whose husband 
was cook in the schooner Big River at the time she was 

lost. T. A. Powers, Sec. 


San Diego Federated Trades. 

San DlEGO, March 22. — The Council met at 7:30 p. m., 
President G. H. Spears in the chair. Communications — 
From Secretary A. Sullivan of the Boot and Shoemakers' 
White Labor League received and filed; the minutes of the 
San Francisco, Sacramento and San Jose Trades Councils 
received and filed; from the P. C. of L Federation, circulars 
appealing to the trades unions to assist the Mendocino 
lumbermen; Secretary was instructed to send to each uniou 
the circulars as received. Reports of Unions — Typographical 
Union reported that there was a rumor of another morning 
daily paper beiug started. 'Longshoremen's Union reported 
business fair and the Sailors' Union said shipping was very 
slack. Unfinished Business — The Secretary was instructed 
to furnish the unions with as many boycott cards as there 
are members, and also to inform each union of its delegates' 
absence from the Council meeting by putting their names 
on the minutes. Geo. Hokn, Rec. Sec. 

Competition in the shipbuilding line in Great Britain has 
become so keen that the natural outcome now is rascality. 
The other day the Government of that country was about 
to formally accept one of the new cruisers which had success- 
fully passed her contract test for speed, when the experts 
who were examining her engines and boilers discovered very 
serious defects in the furnaces. It is believed the cruiser 
will be thrown on the hands of the builders. 

Geueral. Benjamin F. Butler has won the appeal he took 
from the decision of the Circuit Court of the United States 
for the eastern district of Massachusetts, affirming the 
judgment for $15,000 and interest from 1879, obtained 
against him in the Mas-achusetts court by the National 
Some for Disabled Soldiers. 





The Bangor, Maine, ice crop will famish cargoes for about 
500 schooners. 

It is estimated that 175,000,000 feet of logs will be rafted 
at Penobscot River boom. 

Secretary Blaine sold week before last 125 acres of his 
Pennsylvania coal land for $02,500. 

Eight men were arrested at Hartford, Conn., for violating 
the old " blue laws" of Connecticut by working on Sunday. 

The average movement of horse-care in favorable weather 
is six miles per hour. The average movement of electric 
cars in all states of the weather is ten miles an hour. 

A New York bartender, in seeking a pleasing combination 
for a jaded palate, struck a mixture which exactly rilled the 
bill, which he has christened "the bichloride-of-gold cock- 

Lockport, N. V., which was credited in the United States 
Census of 1800 with a population of over 16,000, falls nearly 
200 below those figures according to the returns of the Sta'e 

The House Committee on Reform in the Civil Service has 
agreed to report favorably a bill to exclude political influence 
in the employment of laborers under the authority of the 
United States. 

The medical profession of Brooklyn, N. Y.,gave a banquet 
the other day to Dr. Edward Noyes Colt, the oldest prac- 
ticing physician in the city. Dr. Colt is SI years old and has 
practiced for sixty years in Brooklyn. 

Men who form combinations and trusts for the robbery of 
the poor require a great deal of exelusiveness. If Justice 
could have a fair swing at some of them they would not 
only be excluded but secluded for a protracted season. — 
Morning Advertiser. 

An Irishman in Brooklyn, New York, fell eleven stories 
and was not hurt other than a severe shaking. The other 
employes in the building ran to his help at the foot of the 
broken elevator, expecting to find him in sm ill pieces. In- 
stead they found Pat sitting on a barrel groaning and nursing 
his cut hands. 

The Hamburg-American Packet Company landed the 
largest number of passengers at New York last year, the 
number being 75,S55. The North Herman Lloyd follows 
next with 68,239, the White Star Line with 30,502, the Red 
Star Tine with 35,870. The Netherlands-American Company 
carried 34,531, the Anchor Line 32,492, Cunard Line 27,341, 
Ionian Line 26,111, Compagnie Kenerale Transatlantique 
26,812, etc 

Eben .). Owen, L9 years old, the "Boy Orator," who is 
said to have been an evangelical missionary since he was 14 
years old, recently adopted a novel method of determining 
the question of his sanity, which seems to have been dis- 
puted by some of his friends. Young Owen called at the 
ties Department in Brooklyn the other day and asked 
to be sent to the asylum for the insane. He told Chief 
Clerk Short that some people said lie was insane and he 
wanted to be examined by a physician at the asylum. He 
was sent l.o the Kings County Hospital at Klatbush, where 
he remained for a day. During his stay at the hospital 
several physicians watched him aud they said that while he 
was a triHe eccentric he was not insane. 


New Orleans horseshoers are organizing. 

Cincinnati has about 3000 union carpenters. 

Boilermakers expect to have the eight-hour day after May 

The National Horseshoers will convene at Boston, May 

There are thirty-three union book and job printing offices 
in Cincinnati. 

There are 5100 men engaged in the steel casting in Eng- 
land and Scotland. 

The blacksmiths and blacksmith helpers have consolidated 
their unions at Toledo, Ohio. 

The stonemasons of Sydney, N. S, W., have started a Co- 
Operative Contracting Company. 

St. Paul fur seweis struck against a 30 per cent reduction, 
an average wage of (8 a week. 

New York printers work but five days a week in order that 
the unemployed may have a chauce to live. 

The journeymen plumbers of Cincinnati will demand $4 
per day for nine hours' work iu a short time. 

The wages of carpenters in Scotland varies from 13 cent a 
to 17 cents an hour. They work 10 hours a day. 

Painters iu Covington, Ohio, s cured th;ir demands with- 
out trouble. They will get $2.50 for nine houis' work this 

George Munro's publications refuse to employ union work- 
men and are boycotted by the New York Central Labor 

Some '.Mil women and girl seed establishm »nt iu 

Detroit will be thrown out of work by the introduction of a 

The brewers' strike at La Crosse, Wis., has been satis- 
factorily settled, and an agreement entered into between the 
employers and the men. 

The Amalgamated Society of Carpenters has 35,102 mem- 
bers, who are scattered over the United States, Great 
Britain and the Biitish colonies, In 1890 the society had 
$331,795, and the total amount of bvosfPi paid during 
thirty-one yean wm §i,34t;,H25, 

In Germany 27,485 children between twelve and fourteen 
years worked in factories in 1890; in England, 86,499 under 
thirteen years were employed. 

There are hundreds of Italians, Poles, Hungarians and 
other foreigners working for the Pennsylvania Railroad near 
Erie, Pa., for 20 and 30 cents per day. 

The Glasgow, Scotland, masons have 3S4S members in 
their union, while the wages average from 13 cents to 16 
cents per hour. They work 9 nine hours per day. 

Over 2000 men are affected by the tanners' and curriers' 
strike in Milwaukee. Agents of the bosses are now in 
Newark and Philadelphia trying to engage "scabs." 

Labor Commissioner Robinsou, of Michigan, shows iu his 
last annual report that the average hours of labor for women 
in that State are ten per day, and wages average 75 cents. 

The electrical workers of Cincinnati have adopted a scale 
of wages to take effect the 1st of May. The day wages 
will not be increased, the change being made for the purpose 
of securing better hours. 

A New York strike affecting 1500 men has for au issue 
the fact that union carpenters earning $3.50 in eight hours 
were competing with union cabinet-workers earning $3 in 
nine hours at the same shop. 

The British Government is investigating the railroads of 
that country. Recently a number of men employed on one 
of the railroads were up before a select commission giving 
evidence in regard to work hours and the cause of so many 
accidents. For having answered all the questions put them, 
the men have been dismissed, and it is to have them rein- 
stated that the Government has moved in the matter. The 
railroad compauy has been making places for the men, but 
this has not stopped the Government from investigating 


[Pet Steamship Mmiowai.) 


New Zealand is shipping great quantities of potatoes to 
Groat Britain. 

Paper barrels are being turned out at one factory in Eng- 
land at the rate of 300 a day. 

There are 71,000 British troops in India, aud about 
150,000 native troops in the British est iblishmeut. 

There went through Hamburg last year no fewer than 
13,915 horses, all destined for the English collieries. 

A party of three men recently obtained gold valued at 
§75,000 in three days at Murchison, Western Australia. 

The number of Gaelic speakers in Edinburgh is 1770, and in 
Glasgow 8517. The total number iu Scotland is 231,602. 

There are 10,000 teetotalers in the railway service of 
Great Britain, aud 12,000 among the sailors in the naval ser- 

Count von Caprivi intends to revive Prince Bismarck's 
attempt to create a State monopoly in the manufacture of 

The Maria Beckmers, which has just been launched at 
Port Glasgow, Scotland, is by fourteen feet the largest sail- 
ing vessel in the world. 

A proposal to unite all Australian shearers and general 
laborers' unions in one organization is to be considered at 
the shearers' conference. 

Captain Campbell, of the steamer Kiwi, recently cele- 
brated his jubilee as a seaman. He has been thirty-six 
years ou the New Zealand coast. 

The Empress of Austria was bunkoed by two Arabians in 
Alexandria, who sold her a worthies* statuette of Isis as a 
real excavated Egyptian antiquity for S2500. 

The longest bridge in the world is said to be the Lion 
Bridge near Sangang, in Chiua. It is over five miles long, 
and crosses an immense area of the Yellow Sea. 

The Senate of the University of St. Andrews, the oldest 
college in Scotland, has decided to open to women the uni- 
versity's departments of theology, art and sciences. 

James Nobbs, "the last of the old mail coach guards" in 
Great Britain, has been retired on a pension by the authori- 
ties. He had been in the employ of the London postotfice 
for fifty-five years. 

In order to test a new dietary scale, all able-bodied pau- 
pers who enter the Liverpool work house are weighed, and 
they are put ou the scales again on being discharged, note 
being made meanwhile of the extras given them. 

The Council of the Russian Empire has ordered that in 
future two grain depots will be established to every 300 
peasants' huts, aud that from these depots seed corn will be 
distributed in the spring to the peasants, who must return it 
in the autumn. 

In the town of Racco, Peru, an attempt has been made by 
the populace to burn an aged foreigner on the ground that 
he is a heretic. It appears that he pasted a calender on the 
wall of a house he rented and covered up the picture of a 
saint. The mob was headed by the local magistrate. 

Seafaring, which at one tune was the mouthpiece of the 
British Seamen and Firemeu's Union, prints the following in 
i eg i 1 to itself: As arrangements are being mads to enlarge 
and otherwise improve Seafaring, it is just possible that 
publication may be for a time suspended until these arrange- 
ments are completed. 

In some of the famine districts of Russia many of the 
peasants to sue fuel have dug for themselves holes in the 
ground, and then constructed subterranean shelters in which 
they burrow like foxes. In some of thd villages they are 
eating bread made from wild hemp, t»»d eveu the carcasses 
of the hor«e» u>»t h»vr died. 

Rabbi Davis deol ires that "sweating" is unkuown among 
the Jewish tailors of Sydney. 

A rich find of gold is reported to have been made about 
50 miles from Gladstone, Queensland. 

The copper miners at Wallaroo, South Australia, have ac- 
cepted a reduction of 10 per cent in their w 

A magnificent seam of true bituminous coal has been 
found in the southern part of Bruce Comity, N. Z. 

There will be an exodus of over 6000 workmen from Vic- 
toria to New South Wales within the next six months. 

The Tongariro volcano, in the heart of the North Island 
of New Zealand, has broken out in a violent eruption. 

The Rowing Association of Sydney, by one vote has de- 
clined to admit manual laborers as bona fi le amateurs. 

The labor party of South Australia has selected fifteen 
candidates to contest the seats at the next ge ieral 

The skeleton of a huge moa, in a fair state of preserva- 
tion, has been found by a bnshfeller iu the Han-era district, 
N. Z. 

The bark Star of Erin, which left the Bluff, N. Z., for Lou 
don, has been wrecked on Waipapa Reef. All on board were 

Hundreds of miles of country in the western districts of 
New South Wales are as bare as a billiard table, the rabbit 

The oat crop at Saudford, Tasmania, went 100 bushels per 
acre. The farmers say even that does not pay owing to a 
bid market. 

Shearing iu the south-western districts of Queensland has 
passed off satisfactorily. The clip has be^n the heaviest 
ever obtained. 

Over 300 men have been dismissed from the West Mel- 
bourne Dock, and no hope of further employment for them 
is held out by the Harbor Trust. 

During the last year the total number of insolvencies in 
Victoria, Australia, was 420. The total debts amounted to 
$7,268,760, and the assets $5,980,810. 

It is reported in Newcastle, N. S W., that a coal trust 
is about to be formed with a capital of $12,500,000, all the 
collieries in the district to be shareholders. 

A miner named James O'Hea committed suicide at Lane's 
(reek, Queensland, apparently by placing a plug of dyna- 
mite in his mouth. The upper portion of his body was 
blown to atoms. 

The ship British Commodore, which arrived at Sydney 
from Europe, reports having met with very heavy weather 
during the voyage. Two of the crew were washed overboard 
and drowned. 

Three hundred and ten Javanese, employed at the Colonial 
Sugar Company's Goondi plantation, near Geraldtnn, Queens- 
land, struck work in consequence of a deduction from their 
wages. They assembled at Geraldton, where every house- 
holder armed himself in case of emergency. 

The Employers' Associations of New Zealand have met 
and passed votes of censure on the Government of that 
colony, because the said Government charged them with 
endeavoring, by their attitude to it and labor to disrupt the 
policy of the Ministers and retard the progress of the country. 

Sir Samuel (.rilfith and Mr. Dibbs, of Australia, are of 
opinion that a strong appeal from the Preibyterian body 
should be made, asking President Harrison of the United 
States to join with the other powers in restraining the sale 
of spirits, firearms and ammunition to the natives of the 
New Hebrides. 

The Employers' Association of Wellington, New Zealand, 
at a recent election nominated one of their number for a 
vacant seat in Parliament. The labor unions also put up a 
man, who was elected by an overwhelming majority, thus 
showing that the people of that city are perfectly in accord 
with the "Labor Government" of New Zealand. 

'I he owners of the Chinese gardens around Forbury, Dune- 
din, N. Z , will combine and sue the Caversham Borough 
Council for damages sustained to their gardens during the 
late rains. They allege that the cause of their loss was the 
neglect of the Council to keep the ditches in a clean condi- 
tion, as requested on several occasious by the aggrieved 

The New Zealaud police are reporting ou the condition of 
shearing sheds. Constable Shury, of Blenheim, has returned 
from a ten days' tour. He reports some excellent, while a 
number are just the reverse. Iu one instance about thirty 
men sleep and eat in a building the wall of which is not 
more than 8 feet high, threo tiers of bunks going round 
the loom. The visit was made in accordance with instruc- 
tions from the Government. Several sheep-owners refused 
admittance to the inspector. 

A gallant attempt to rescue a lad from drowning is re- 
corded in late Sydney exchauges. A boy named Webb had 
pot beyond bis depth while bathing, when his companion, 
Bnrdett Hague Smith, ag(d 13 years, jumped into the 
water, and succeeded in placing him on a rock. The de- 
ceased, however, slipped off and sank. Smith agai 
hold of the boy and tried to pull him ashore, ami had Webb's 
hair been a little longer would have succeeded, but the 
drowning lad tightly seized hold of Smith, and nearly 
drowuel him. With great difficulty he managed to release 
himself, aud when he reaobod. the ihore wai in a very •«» 
hauitod itttte 






This is a New House, Newly Furnished. First-class 

Rooms by the Day, Week or Month 

at Reasonable Rate 

Five Meal Tickets 


Frank Johnson, Proprietor 

Late of 111 Jackson Street 

— w 

U- ' 





te the largest and best 
plug of Smoking Tobacco 
for ten cents in the world. 



Large, Well- aired ami Comfortable 
Bedrooms. Best Diet. (Jood At- 
tendance. Moderate Kates. 

For many years manageress of the People's Home, is 
now established at 
The premises have been newly furnished through- 
out, and arc favorably situated at an elevation coin 
Bunding a line view of the bay and shipping. Sea 
men desiring a nice, quiet home should call on 


343 BEALE ST., San Francisco. 


P. A. Olson's Pioneer Store 


Groceries and General Merchandise 

Front Street 

Bet. Fourth and Fifth Sts. SAN PEDRO, CAL. 



io Chandler 


When You Come to San Pedro, Don't Forget 
to Visit the 

Favorite Clothing Store 

They Sei Goods at San Francisco Prices, and 
You will Meet witli Courteous Treat- 
ment at the hands of 


Entrance on Front and Beacon Streets 

At the Tower of London. 

ADDE E N Mrs. E. L Crocker 


Sailors Supplied at San Francisco Prices 

The Brick Store 

Front Street San Pedro, Cal. 

Between Fifth and Sixth Streets SAN PEDRO 

Boarding and Lodging 

$5 00 per Week 


The Pioneer Hotel and Restaurant Restaurant and Hotel 

Emil Lindskow, Propr. 

Table supplied with the Best the Market Affords 

No Chinese Employed 
Corner Front and Fifth Sts. San Pedko 


Next door to San Pedro Kink, SAX PEDRO, CAL. 

Private Rooms 


.A-ttorney - at - Law 


Judge Johnson's Court 
Cor. Sixth and Bacon Sts. SAN PEDRO, CAL. 

<^Coa8t Seamen, Take Notice, when you come to 
San Pedro call at the 

San Pedro Cigar Store 

Front Street . . . San Pedro 

You All Know Him. 

Good Rooms. A. D. FROCH Prop. 


Rooms by the Day, Week or Month 
Good Board, if Required 

LEWIS ANDERSON, - - - Proprietor 
Front Street, San Pedro 


Having Opened a House at the 

Rear of the Union Hotel, San Pedro 

Ask the Patronage of all Seafaring Men 

Good Rooms and Board 

Coast Seamen's Journal Always on Hand 

Seaside Drug Store ! 

E NORMAN, Proprietor 
Refurnishing of Medicine Chests a Specialty 

Sixth Street, San Pedro. 


California Restaurant, 


Front St., San Pedro. Cal. 

W EBEL, Propr 

Table supplied with the best the market 




hats, cap etc., etc. 





1209 Mission Street 

Near Eighth Street SAN FRANCISCO 


Beamish's (Shirts 




Nucleus Block, San Francisco, Cal. 

Comer Third and 

Market Streets 


S. W. Cor. East and Mission Sts. San Francisco, Cal. 

A Neat, Commodious and Comfortably Furnished Hall 

To be Let for Meeting Purposes 


For Pates and Particulars apply to the Janitor, who is to bs found on tbfi premises 

st all times. 

It was three hours after dinner — ap- 
parently 11 p. m. The guard turned out 
under the gallery by the Bloody Tower. 
A moment later appeared a little squad 
of men, one of them in a flowing scarlet 
robe, with a lighted lantern, coming up 
the steep slope that leads from Traitors' 
Gate. The sentry challenged sharply: 

"Plait! Who goes there?" 

The warder halts and answers: 

"The keys." 

"Whose keys?" 

"Queen Victoria's keys." 

"Pass, Queen Victoria's keys." The 
warder in the flowing scarlet robe with the 
lighted lantern, followed by his little 
squad, starts of again, but halts again and 
cries aloud: 

"God save Queen Victoria." 

The guard comes to the present, the 
officer brings his sword to the salute, offi- 
cer and men respond in chorus three 
times, with a kind of cheer: 

"Amen, Amen, Amen." 

Again the warder sets out, passes, 
turns square to the left and vanishes; he 
and his flowing scarlet, and his lantern, 
and his little squad. He is carrying the 
keys of the Tower to the Governor of the 
Tower. It was but a minute. The guard 
are dismissed, the officer marches leis- 
urely off. My friend and I are left there, 
writes G. W. Smalley in an exchange. 
Only a minute; yet that self-same cere- 
mony has been transacted on that same 
spot, at the same hour, every night for 
something like eight hundred years. Back 
through all those crowded centuries of 
English story you hear nightly that chal- 
lenge ring out; nightly that blessing in- 
voked on King or Queen, with, I suppose, 
an interval when Oliver Protector got the 
benefit of it; nightly the clash of steel 
which tells the Constable of the Tower 
that all is well; and nightly those keys 
have made their singular journey into the 

hands of the King's Lieutenant. 

♦ ■ — 

Jamie Was Too Honest. 

"What's that ye're daein', Jamie?" ex- 
claimed McWacker, the coal-dealer, to 
his new boy assistant the other day; 
"what's that ye're throwin' aff the cairt, 
laddie? No' coal, shairly?" 

"No," replied the boy; "I was just 
walin' ootsomeo' thae big lumps o' slate, 
and fiingin' tbem oot." 

"Flingin' them oot!" repeated the 
dealer in tones of unaffected disgust. 
"An' yer faither telt me that he thocht 
ye wad be a graun haun to learn the coal 
trade. I doot, ma callant, natur' 
never intendit you to mak' a leavin' sell- 
in' coal. I think ye had butter tell yer 
faither to try an' get you putten through 
the college for a minister." 

The Spade in Modern Warfare. 

According to the latest of Colonel 
Lobell's annual reports on the progress 
of military matters in Europe, the spade 
is destined to play a far more important 
part in warfare than it has ever yet 
fulfilled. At every halt, even if it be but 
of short duration, troops will be com- 
pelled to make full use of the artificial 
strengthening of the ground to reduce as 
far as possible losses from the enemy's 
fire, and to hide themselves from his 
view. But a strong profile will be re- 
quired on account of the great power of 
penetration whioh is given to the present 
bullet by the smokeless powder employed, 






Makcii 22. 

Stmr rTewbern, Von Helms, li days from Guaymas; 
odall, Perkins & Co. 

stmr Willamette Valley, Paton, 48 hours from 
Yaquina I'.v. ; pass and mdse to W B Webster. 

Schr Monterey, Beck, 10 hours from Bowens 
Landing; lumber I i rleywood* tfaekley. 

Schr Nettie Sundborg, Johnson, 12 hours from Fort 
Koas; posts I i dayman & Maver. 

Schr Bobolink, Nelson, 20 hours from Mendocino; 
lumber to Mendoeino Lumber Co. 

Sehr ' bom, 14 hours from Ivor- 

sons Landing; wood and posts to X Iverson. 

Marco 23. 

NIe stmr Costa Rica, Mclntyre, 84 hrs from De- 
parture Bay; coal to R Dunsmuir & Sons. 

srnir Sunol, Walvig, L2 hours from Point Arena; 
r r ties to 1. K White. 

stior Newsboy, Liehig, IS hours from Navarro; 
lumber to Navarro Mill Co. 

Stmr Whitesboro, Johnson, 15 hours from Qi 
wood; lumber to L E White. 

Stmr Los Angeles, Leland, 80 hours from Newport 
and way ports; pass and mdse to Uoodall, Perkins 

Haw stmr San Mateo, Smith, 95 hours from 
.,; COftl lo s p Co. 

Sehr (iussie Klose, Olsen 26 hours from Albion; 
lumber to Albion Lumbi r Co. 

SebrJ M Weatherwox, smith, lldays from Grays 
Harbor; lumber to S It Harmon Lumber Co. 

Schr Portia, Uulstrup, I" hours, from Timber 
Cove; « ood to Biggins s Collins. 

Seta Marj Bidwell, Larsen, n hrs from Fisks 
Mill; wood to N Iverson. 

Schr riiriv-e, Schmaling, 10 hours from Fish 
Rock; wool to Hi J man \ .Max er. 

March 24. 

Stmr Humboldt, Edwards, 20 hours from Eureka; 
pass and mdse to M Kallish & I 0. 

Stmr Point Arena, Hansen 14 hours from Meti- 
o; pass ami lumber to Mendoeino Lumber Co. 

Stmr Caspar, Anfindsen, IS hours from Caspar; 
lumber to I Caspar Lumber Co. 

Stun Kival, Johnson, H hours from Fort liragg; 
lumber to Pollard* Dodge. 

Stmr Gipsy, Jepsen, 10 hours from Santa Cruz; 
produce to Goodall, I 

liktti Quickstep, Tibbetts, 9 days from Se ttle; 
lumber I Hobai-t & Co. 

Schr Mary Etta, Hammond, 21 houis from Fisks 

sehr Lily, Bottger, 1 days form I'mpqua; lumber 
to Gardiner Mill Co. 

Sehr C T Mill, Qrethe, 10 'lays from Grays Harbor; 
lumber to Slade Lflmber Co. 

March 25. 

Stmr National City, Manson, 21 hours from Eu- 
reka; lumber to C A Hooper fcOo. 

Stmr Ceha, Johnson, 25 hours from Humboldt; 
lumber to Higgbis Si Collins. 

Stmr Santa Rosa. Alexander, 65 hours from San 
I liego; pass and mdse to Goodall, Perkins & i to. 

Stmr Willamette, Hanson, 78 from Seattle; eoal 
to ' iregon imp Co. 

stmr Mackinaw, Littlefteld, 96 hours from Ta- 
i eoal to S 1 Co. 

Ship Two Brothers, Windrow, 11 dye from Seattle; 
eoal to Cedar River Coal Co. 

Bark Palmyra, Keller, 6 days from Port Ludlow; 
lumber to Pope .v Talbot. 

Bktn Monitor, Iverson, 29 hours from Humboldt; 
shingles to Chas Nelson. 

Nic bark Bundaleer, Williams, 16 days from De- 
parture Baj ; coal to John Rosenfeld's Sons. 

Bktn Tarn o' Shanter, Patterson, 7: days from Co- 
lumbia River; lumber to Simpson Lumber Co. 

Schr Bender Brothers, Zaudart, 19 hours from 
,r , wood to Bender Bros. 

sehr Daisj Rowe, Jorgensen, is hours from Hum- 
boldt; lumber to G L Swi 

Makcii 26. 

Stmr State of California, Aekley, 52 hours from 
Portland via Astoria 11 boms; pass and mdse to 
Goodall, Perkins & Co. 

Stmrllonita, Leland, Mo In.urs from Port Harford; 
produce to Coo lall, Perkins St Co. 

Bark Theobald, Killman, 9 days from Port Blake- 
le\ ; lumber to Racine Lumber Co, 

Sehr American Girl, Sanders, 9 days from Clal- 
lam Bay; lumber to Hobbs, Wad a Co. 

Ucalde, smith, ii days from Port Blakeley; 

lumber to Kmton, Holmes & c i. 

Sehr chas Hanson, Li yquist, 5 J days from Grays 
Harbor; lumber to s E Slade Lumber Co. 

Makcii 27. 

stmr San Jose, Russell, L6 days from Panama, etc.; 
pa-s and mdse to P ,\l CO. 

Stmr Pomona, Hannah, 19 hours from Eureka; 
pas, and nelse to Goodall, Perkins & Co. 

Stmr Gypsy, -lepsen, 11 hours from Santa Cruz; 
produce to Goodall Perkins & Co. 

stmr Michigan, Graves, 102 hours from Roche 
Harbor; lime and shingles to Roche liar Lime Co. 

Stmr Laguna, Hansen, 15 hours from Gr enwood; 
ber to L K White. 

Stmr Eureka, Hall, 60 hours from Newport; pass 

and mdse to Goodall, Perkins & Co. 

plant Truekee, Smith, 60 hours from Tillamook; 
lumber tO Truekee Lumber I lo. 

Sehr Newark, Peek, 12 honrsfrom Bowens Lauding; 
lumber to Heywood S Hackle} . 

M uu ii 28. 

Br stmt Grandholm, Nasson, 4 days frm Nanaimo; 
eoal to It Dunsmuir S S ins. 

Bktne J M Griffith, Are in Port Ha.l- 

loek; lumber, laths to W .1 Adams. 

Schr Azalea, Fardeline, 11 days from Seattle; lum- 
ber to Humboldt Lumber Co. Oakland. 


Stmr Oregon, Poleman, Portland. 
stmr Gypsy, Jepsi n, Santa c uz, etc 
Stmr Empire, Moa, Nanaifa^o. 
Stmr Elsie, Thorn is, Nanaimo. 
Stmr North Fork, Doran, Eureka. 
Park Arkwright, Plumb, Port Gai 
Park i in gon, Mci larl nej , ianaimo 
Si hi Rio Rey, I i !l - Landing. 

Schr J Eppinger, Tierloff, Humboldt' 
Schr Orient, Harringl in, Shoalwater Bay. 
Schr Marj Gilbert, Kindlen, Albion. 

ristiua Steffena, Hanson. 
sehr Barbara Hernster, Jensen, Bowens Landing 

Stmr Jeanii «ka. 

Stmr Pomona. Hannah, E 

stmr Maggie Ross, Marshall, Coos Lay. 

Stmr Corona, Hall, San 1 1 

Protection, Levison, Fort Bragg. 
Stmr i os Ba; . etc. 

Park Ubl llu. 

Sehr Bel er Eureka. 

Sehr Jennie Griffin, I lam] 
Sehr Nl tte Low, Low, Point R 
Schr Eliza Milli r, christians,,!,, Eureka. 
Makcii 24. 
Stmr Willamette Valley, Paton, Yaquina Bay. 
Stmr Navarro, Anderson, Navarro. 
stmr .leans-. Hording, Kodiak. 
BhipTacoma, Gaffney, Nee fork, 
■n llilo. 

Brig Courtney Ford, Neilson, Shoal water Bay. 

Sehr Maxim, Petersen, Eureka. 

Stmr Acapuleo, Pitts, Panama. 
stmr Umatilla, Holmes, Victoria. 
Stmr Sunol, Walvig. 
Stmr Gypsy, Jepsen, Santa Cruz, etc. 
Stmr Whitesboro, Johnson. 
Stmr Maggie Ross, Marshall, Coos Bay. 
Bktn Robert Sudden, Uhlbenr, Kahului. 
Bktn W H Dimond, Nelson, Honolulu. 
Sehr Contianza, Arf. 

Sehr Oceania Vance, Anderson, Humboldt. 
Makcii 28. 
Stmr Los Angeles, Leland, Wilmington. 
Stmr Humboldt, Edwards, Eureka. 
stmr Columbia, Bolles, Astoria and Portland. 
stmr Cleone, Frry, Humboldt. 
Stmr Jewel, Madsen, Caspar. 
Stmr Point Arena, Hansen, Mendocino. 
Park Majestic, Lorcntsen, Nanaimo. 
Sehr W s Phelps, Peterson, Humboldt. 
Sehr Lottie Carson, Plitz, Humboldt. 
sehr Enterprise, Ingwerson, Humboldt. 
Schr Elvenia, Anderson, Humboldt. 
Schr Hunter, Koehler, Alaska 
Schr J N [ngalls, Hultman, Mazathue 
Schr Sequoia, Olsen, Tae ana. 
Sehr Nettie Sundbor^', Johnson. 
Sehr (iussie Klose, Olsen, Humboldt. 

Scbl Mary Bidwell, Hansen, Fisks Mill. 
Makcii 27. 

Stmr National City, Manson, Eureka. 

Haw stmr San Mateo, Smith, Cornax. 

Park Alden Besse, Friis Kahului. 

Bktn North Bend, Wallace, Grays Harbor. 

Sehr Premier, Heagard, Ugasik. 

Sehr Novelty, Lewis, Gnys. 

Sehr Mary Etta, Witzel. 

Seta There-e, Scbmalling. 

Schr Portia, Culstrup. 

Schr Alice Kimball, Asplund, Navarro. 

Schr Ocean Spray, steinbom, Iverson - 8 Landing. 
March 28. 

Stmr Dora, Hague, Unalaska. 

Stmr Santa Rosa, Carroll, San Diego. 

Stmr Bonita, Leland. San Diego. 

stmr Kival, Johnson, Fort Bragg. 

Sehr Arthur I, Carolson, Eureka. 


Adamson, N 
idler, M 

Ahlb ek, E 

Akesfon, A 
Anderson, I A 
Anderson, E B 
Anderson, F 
Backinau, I. T 
Baker, W H 
Bark, I 
Becker, I 
Beckley, II C 
Berggren, I 
Bjonstail, F 
Bjorsen, 11 
Blinzlcr, H 
Brandel, B 
Cameron, J 
Campbell, D 

Carlson, C G 
Carlson, F 
Carlson, G B 
Carter, J 
Hahlben*. Gustav 
Dahlquist, N A 
Daniel H 
Dark, II 
Eales, W S 
Eckman, K 
Eglit, C 
Ekrem, 11 
Elems, Nick 
Falk, J P 
Fallovieb, J 
Fartovieh, J 
Feliergune, .1 W 
Ferguson, J 
George, T 
Graham, T 
Green, N 
Gregorinson, G 

Hall, E A 
Halliday, A 

Hat, sen, B 
Hansen, C 
Hansen, F 
Hansen, 11 

Hansen, N 
Hansen, O L 
Harmon, C 
Harris, George 
Hedvold, P E 
Jahnsen, P. 
Jahnson, K 
.lakobson, l ' 
Jamie* m, T A 
Jasper, s 
Jensen, W 
Jenson, E 
Johansen, A 
Johausen, J 
Kalip, C 
Knudsen, B 
Knudscn, C A 
l.aka, A 
Larsen, A 
Larsen, .1 
Larsen, E 
Larsen, P 
Lasjan, A 
Lawford, J 
Madison, I. 
Magnussen, M 
Magnussen, s i 

Martinsen, C 
Martinsen, 11 
Martin, FO 
Martin, Wm 
Mathews, T 
Nelson, A 
Nelson, J 
Nielson, C G 
Nielson, P 
Nilson. A F 
Olsen, E M 
Olson, A 

(llson, F. 
Olson, F 
Olson, J O 

Olson, I. E 
Olson, L P 
Palm, A 
Peeke, .1 

m, ii 

Petterseu, K 

Petterson, C 

Petterson, C V 
Petterson, II L 
Petterson, M 
Ihleleh, V\ 

Kasuiussen, P, 240 

nd, C 

Anderson, J L 
Anderson, M 
Anderson, O 
Andfensen, J 
Armansen, K J 

Ar\ idsell, S C 

Asmundsen, J 
Bredesen, O 
Brennan, Michael 
Broman, G 
Brown, A 
\'.r iwn, J 
Brud, .1, D 
Burk, K 
Busily, J 
Buschin, K 
Oaudlin, G w 
Christhenson, H 
Chri-tian, W 
Clni-stoferson, A 
Chusker, P 
Chylde, C W 
Hail, E 

Den, K 

Dias, A 
Donne, J 
Elia-son, F 
Erickson, O 
Erickson, E 
F.skcland, J 
Ettl, L 
Finholm, J 
Fitzgerald, F 
Fogelberg, G 
Fries, K 
Fritz.., HO 
Greenman, C 
Groavald, L 
Grove, L K 

Helck, J 
llelja, A 

llellund, N O 

Hennlngren, F 
Hirst, G 

Holm, W 
Holmstrom, C R 

Horlin, E 
Houston, R 
Humphries J 

Johanson, C F 
Johnson, C 
Johnson, J 
Johnson, G 
Johnson, L 
Johnston, K 
Jorgenson, J 
Jorgenson, T 
Judson, J W 
Knudscn, F 
Kongsvald, R A 

Legsding, J 

Leon hard, H 
Lind, A 

Lindstr and, C F 
Lorentson, M 
Lyheck, A 
l.yndcn, G 
Maurice, Alex 
McNiel, J 
Menzel, A 
Mlchelson, M 
Moller, H P 
Moreland, K 
Moran, Mike, 
Murchiniki, G 
Nilson, J D 
Nilhon, O 
Nordber;,', F. 
Norrlen, G 
Nustad, J B 
Olson, M 
Oliin. II 
osller. A J 
Osterhui<, II 
Osterberg, G 
Ostlin, A J 
Oversen, N 

Petterson, M 

i on, N 
Petterson, P A 
Petty, J 
Plotzke, A 
H P 
Prelberg, C 

Rohrberg H 
Romberg, T 

Rearide, R 
Rene, F 
Reynolds, J W 
Rietschotsen, D Van 
Rivers, J 
Samuelson, C 
Bandberg, s 
Samlers, V 
Schmidt, .1 
Shillitos, C 
Simonsen, C C 
Sjostroni, .1 
Skinner, \V 
Smith, I) 
Snelling, F 
Snow, A E 
Tait. W 
Terpielon, W 
Tnorvalleen, K K 
Ulberg, C B 
Villard, .1 
Wagner, J 
Wallace, J D 
Walter, Geo 
Weir, A 
Weodt, F. 
Wi strom, a 

White, .1 
Whittoy, John 

Romza, A 
Roosluinl, F 
Bossier, C 
Rossler, C 
Rydholm. J F 
Stange, J 
Stegmann, N II 
Stengard, A 

Stuart, A 

son, F 

Sv mlson, J 

Svendson, s 

J \ 
Swanson, M 

Swanson, * > 

Timm, II V 

n, T A 

o, J M 
LTrickson, F E 
Valduun, C 

Widerstrom, J 
Wiglund, .1 

Wilson, J 

Windoss, A E 

Wold, \ i; 
Woxen, C F 
Wright, B 


Persons wanting any of these letters will ask the 

Hanson, O 
Henberg, O 
Humphries, J 
Jensen, E 
Johansen, A 
Jones, E 

l.efeber. A 

Lemmerbirt, E 
.Madison, L 
MeCallion, F F 
Mortin, F V 
Ohleson.L P 
Pearson, Geo 
Reich, G 

Any member not finding his letter in the box will 
ask the Secretary, as it is in his care. 


Agncw, James 
Anderson, A J 
Anderson, C 
Anderson, John E 
Anderson, T 
Artimes, Paul 
Bain, Donald 
Binniogter, Oscar 
Boyde, Alex 
Brown, chas 
i 'en , Jas 
Crowd John 
Danielson, A E 
Danielson, Ole 
"Enright, James 
Fegth, Hans 
Fuhrmali, S 
Gibbons, VV A 
Gnnnell, Joseph E 
Qronberg, Jimmie 
Haagensen, H 
Haakonscr, Harold 
Hanan, Martin 
Hartollund, Wm 

Hassellund, Wm 

Holmberg, J E 
Jensen, Peter 
Johansen, Julius 
Johnson, U L 
Jones, George 

Knudsoli, E A 
Kohbs, William 
Korpela, F 
Lambert, David 
Larsen H 
Lay ton, T 
Lee, ChristofTer 

Abraham, Lor 
Alexander, H 
Anderson. II 
Anveson, Ole T 
Benson, Ben 
Bolger, W C 
Clark, Jas 
Daniel, II 
Dillon, Thos J 
Ekiiian, Robert 
Erikscn, Niels or L 
Fiedler, Will 
Fleming, Jas A 
Flynn, O 
Granrotb, I IhaS 
Hainpke, Chas 
Hanson, Aug 
Hansen, Peter 
Ileslop, Jas 
Hughes, David, 
JaCODBOn, Julius 
Johansen, Martin 
Johnsen, I lhafl 
Johnson, Peter 
Jones, Fred 
Jorgensen, Jorgen A 
Jorgensen, P 
Kalep, chas 
Karell, Aug Ed 
Keenan, Thos 
Kelley, Martin 
Lawlor, M 
Leng. Arthur 

Lindquist, E E 
Lubeck, C 
Lucht, i tonr el 
Lundstrom, John 

Lyall, Jas (m 
Mel art\ , John 
Mi (.rath, Will 
McKcnzic, Thomas 
McNeil, John 
Mail ley, Wm 
Martinson, O M 
Mathiason, J F 
Mealm. Alt 
Mcelin, i 
Miller, E 
Morgan, Nich 
Morleiisen, F 
Nur'i i . John 
Oliver, E M 
Olson, C A 
olsen, O G 
Olsson, John 
llocne, Thomas J 
Seiby, John J 

Stone, Chas 

Strautman, E 

Styles, G 
Svensoii, John 

Thiele, Barnhard 
Thompson, Harry 
Thunis, Louis 
Wald. A G 
Walker, Geo A 
Williamson, John 
Wilson, John 
Wiseman, .1 

Lindsey, Win 
Martin, Victor 
McDonald, Alex 
MeGreev \ , John 
Miller, J 
ttorwse, Henry 
Nelson, C 

Nielsen, Olaf Arthur 
Olsen, christian 
olsen, Edw 
Olsen, Karl 
Osnninilsen, L 
Palm, A 
Piatt, James 
Porter, Jas 
Prt llberg, chas 
Richards, < ! E 
Kingdahl, lljallnar 

■ .1 i,i. I'et, 

Steinberg, Chris 
Strand, John 
Sundbye, II J 
Tecdlcr, C 
Tonneson E 

Wadsteti. Geo 
Walling, G M 
Wards, M 
Wells, Geo II 
Westheod, Harry 
Wiscntius, Andrew 


ii, Chr Marshall, C H 

Anderson, Aron Molli, Angeljo 
Anderson, John -on, O 

Andreasen, Andreas Olsen, Lauritz E 

Benton. Hans Olsen, Samuel E 

ChriStoSersen, Martin Olsen, Hans 

Gabrielsen, Christ Orup, Frank 

Hansen, Henry 
Hansen, Jens Christian 
Jaeobaen, oskar 
Jansen. Emil 
Johnson, Albert 
Johnson, I lhas 
Johnson, Olaf T 
Knudsen, s M 
Knudsen, T 
Lind, John E 

Paulson, S 
Pearson, John 
Pedersen, Peter 
Rosa, chas A 
Smith, Edward, 

Soreiisen, Anton 
Thomson, G 
Wehmnan, J 
Westliog, Hugo V 


Anderson, John 
Anderson, Julius 
Becker, I've 
Berirlund, FO 

Binninger, Oscir 
Plank, ' 
Borjesen, John 
liredesen, Olaf 
Christoffersen. Chas L 
Dunn, Michael 
D. Moinri, Elias 
Keel, Louis 
!Vst. Frank 
Frost, John 
Golden, George 
Gougb, Edward 
1 1 ■ lander, John 
Bights, Chas II 
Parson, l 'has 
.la obsen, Henry 

on, G 
Tahnsaon, Edward A 
Jakob-en, Ano 

Jensen, Thomas Cristlan 

Johausseii, J II 
Johnson, John M 

Johnson, Peter 
Larsen, Martin 
Lindross, Charley 
Martin, Arthur 
Miller. Fred 
.More, I 

Mnahinski, Gustav 
Norstrom, Axel 
Olsen, \doiph Tyrhota 
Olsen, Chas 

Olsen, .lame- 

Olsen, Edward II 
Olacn, P 
Oosterhuis, J 

P igil, William 

Petterson, K B 
I ilscn, John 
Robertson, Robert 
Sextcm, Joseph M 

i, Crist 
StelTensi.n, James 
Sa dm, G Fritz 

in, B 
Tinholm, John 
Westerdahl, Gustav 


Belmont, W 

P.reslin, M 
Hendrikson, Jos 

llotfgrell, .1 

Holmstrom, A W 

Kittilsou, J 
Mattson. \ 
Plunkett. W 
Randa, Mat 

Thoi-sen, Th 

M i seel fa n eo u s Items. 

Philosophy triumphs easily over past 
evils and future evils, but present evils 
triumph over it. — Rochefoucauld. 

When bad men combine, the good must 
associate, else they will fall, one by one, an 
unpitied sacrifice in a contemptible struggle. 
— Burke. 

You shall see them on a beautiful quarto 
page, where a neat rivulet of text shall 
meander through a meadow of - margin. — 

A Hying machine, built upon the lines of 
the anatomy of a flying fox, has been com- 
pleted by an English firm of engineers to 
the order of a Major Moore. It is to cost 
about .*5000, and it will weigh 700 pounds. 

The grandest tomb in the world is, with- 
out doubt, the Taj Mahal, or crown of Em- 
pires, at Agra. It is an octagonal building 
of the purest white marble, the interior 
being decorated with inlaid work of precious 

Alas ! it is not till time, with reckless 
hand, has torn out half the leaves from the 
book of human life to light the lires of 
passion with from day to day that a man 
begins to see that the leaves which remain 
are few in number. — Longfellow. 

Blessings on him who invented sleep, the 
mantle that covers all human thought, the 
food that appeases hunger, the drink that 
quenches thirst, the fire that warms cold, 
the cold that moderates heat, and lastly, 
the general coin that purchases all things, 
the balances and weight that equals the 
6hepherd with the king and the simple with 
the wise. — Cervantes. 

School of Navigation 

9 Mission Bulkhead Building 

Room 7, San Francisco 

Candidates for examination for Certificates of Com- 
petency as Masters and Mates in sailing vessels 
will in future be oxamit.' 
Lieutenant Dix Bolles, c. s. Navy, 

Hours-9 to 12 A.M.; 1 to I P. M ; 7 to 9 P. M 


Holds English and American Certificates of Compe- 
tency, and Beveral years in command of 
Deep-water Shiiia. 





Steam Beer 


The ONLY Non-Pool 
Brewery in the City 




Call for it and Demand 
it of Every Retailer 

The Co-Operativc Beer— 

strictly Union — will be in 
the market in a day or two 

Office and Brewery: 


San Francisco, C»l. 





G. Anderson, Proprietor. 

Only White Labor Employed ! 

Orders Promptly Filled. 

Corner of B and State Streets 
San Diego 







Imported and Domestic Cigars, Tobacco 

— AND — 


540 FIFTH ST., bet. H and I 

Watches and Clocks Carefully Repaired. 

Boston Clothing House 


Clothing, Boots, Shoes, Hats, Caps 

Gents' Furnishing Goods 
Trunks, Valises, Blankets, Quilts, Etc. 

Eastern Prices. One Price Only 


On Parle Francais. Hier wird Deutsch gesprochen. 
Se habla Espanol 

651 FIFTH ST., bet, g & h, SAN MEtiO 

When Coming to San Diego go to the 


Rooms by the Day, Week or Month 

H. DODDRIDGE, ... - Prop 
NE. cor. Second & H sts., San Diego 

When vou come to SAN DIEGO go to the 

I X L Clothing Store 

Where you will find everything you need 

Best Rubber Goods and Oilskins always 

on hand 

HARRY LABELL, - - Propr. 

FIFTH ST., bet. H and I 



Fishermen's Protective Union 

Headquarter-, Astoria, Or. 
Organized April 11, 1888. Incorporated August 16, 1886 

S0FU8 Jensen Secretary 

P. O. Box 472 

The Reading Room is open at all times to the mem- 
bers of the Coast Seaman's Union. All the leading 
papers of the world on file. 
Correspondence with Labor Organizations Solicited 

Insist Upon Trying 

The Best House and Steam Coal 

Ever Received in this Marke 


Carried by all the Best Dealers 

It is a Clean, Hard Coal. Makes a Bright, Cheerful 

Fire with little ash. and its lasting 

quality makes it 

The Most Economical Fuel 



When in this Port Always Call on 

McNamara & Silverwood 


Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Oil and Rubber Goods 

Hats, Trunks, Valises Underwear, Etc. 


Corner E and Second Streets- 
Fair Treatment and Lowest Possible Prices Guaranteed to all. 



Old Curiosity Shop 

Established 1871 


Bookseller, Stationer $ Newsdealer 

For Cheap Reading Matter, Musical Instruments cf 
all kinds and Notions of every variety, call at 



Branch store, Cor. second and G sts., under Vance House 


Latest Periodicals and Eastern Illustrated Journals 
always on hand. New stock arriving by each incom- 
ing Steamer. 


Improved Stomach »nn Liver Powder 


A Positive Cure for Indigestion, Dyspepsia, 

Liver Disorders, Constipation and 

Sick Headache 

Sent by Mail. 
Price SI. 

Eureka, Cal. 

Eagle House 



By the Week $4 00 

Bythe Day 75 

Good Table and Clean Beds. 

First-class Accommodations. 

Cor. C and Second Sts. Eureka, Cal. 

Herman Schulze 


Cigars at Wholesale and Retail 


Between Second and Third Sts. 
Formerly Jones' Shop 


An Essay on Flies. 

Revere House 


George Kramer - Proprietor 

Best and Cheapest Hotel in Eureka 

Pleasant Rooms, Clean Beds, Courteous Treatment 
Single Meals 25 Cents 



Between E and F Streets EUREKA, CAL. 

Begs to inform the Public, and Sailors in partic- 
ular, that he sells at Moderate Terms 


Rubber Goods, Tobacco and Cigars 

And all Articles generally required by Seafaring Men 
Call and Examine My Goods 




When in this Port Steer your Course for 

A. L Sawtelle's Clothing Store! 

Where You will find a full line of 

Rubber Boots and Oil Clothing 

Shoes and the best of Flannels 


Second Street, cor. D, EUREKA 

Thoroughly Renovated in the Best Style 

Seamen's Patronage Solicited. Courteous 

Rates, $1 per day; $4 50 per week 

Front St., bet. C and D. Eureka 


Why not Buy Your 

Flannel Underwear and Over -Shirts 

Where you can see them made by white girls right 

before your eyes in the store? We manufacture our 

own goods and guarantee every j iece. 


12 and 14 Bryant Street 

Between Main and Spear, Opp. Merchants' Dry Dock 


00 TO 


When you come to Eureka. She keeps 
a full supply of 

Seamen's Outfits 

Oilskins, Rubber Boots, Shoes, Hats, Caps, Blankets, 
Mattresses, Pillows, Overalls, the best brands of 
Tobacco and Cigars, Groceries of all kinds. Quick 
Sales and Small Profits. 


Between E and F EUREKA, CAL. 



In Revere House Building, next door to Sailors' 
Union Office, EUREKA, CAL. 




Celebrated Marysville Flannels 

Sailors' and Lumbermen's Outfits a Specialty 

White Labor Cigars, Tobacco, Pipes and 



The fly has some advantage over a 
man. For instance, he has a pair of 
double compound eyes, and with them 
he can see in any direction, or in all 
directions at once, without for an instant 
turning his head. 

These eyes ha,ve 4000 distinct faces, 
and all of them have direct communica- 
tion with the brain, so that if a man 
comes along on one side of him and a 
lump of sugar on the other, he will be 
able to watch both of them and stay for 
the sugar so long as it is safe on account 
of the man. 

When he sees he can get one and dodge 
the other, that is exactly what he does, 
and he does not have to twist his neck in 
two trying to keep track of the opposite 

The fly is particular about the air he 
breathes. He hasn't a very big mouth, 
and his lungs are small in proportion to 
his body, but he is particular what he 
puts into them. 

Good green tea, such as the best of the 
grocers sell for a dollar, steeped pretty 
strong and well sweetened, will kill as 
many flies as drink of it. It is estimated 
that a pound of tea and two pounds of 
sugar will rid a room of flies within ten 
days — that is, a small room. 

Flies are voracious eaters. They do 
not care so much what they eat as when 
they eat it. They are particular about 
regular meals. They do not eat long at 
a time nor much at a time, but they eat 

Careful observers have stated that a 
common house-fly will eat 42,000 square 
meals in twelve hours. One female fly 
will produce 20,000 young ones in a single 
day, and they will develop so rapidly as 
to increase two hundredfold in weight in 
twenty-four hours. 

Scientists have never been able to tell 
how a fly walks on the ceiling, or rather 
they have never been able to agree about 
it. All of them have told, but no two 
are alike in their explanation. Some say 
the fly has an air-pump in each of its 
numerous feet, and that he walks up 
there by creating a vacuum in his instep 
and allowing the pressure of the air to 
sustain him. 

Others think he carries a minute bottle 
of mucilage around with him and lubri- 
cates his hoofs with it, so that he can 
stay as long as he wants to on any sur- 
face no matter what the attraction of 
gravity may have to say about it. Be- 
tween these two schools of thought you 
may take your choice. 


^ You can Borrow Money K At Uocle Jacobs' 




On Marine Glasses at UNCLE JACOBS' 



On Diamonds, Watches, Jewelry— in fact anything you may 
want to raise a dollar on at UNCLE JACOBS', 


About the Suez Canal. 

The length of the Suez Canal is ninety- 
two miles; depth, twenty-six feet, and it 
was thirteen years in construction. Tolls 
average $4300 per vessel. Steamers pass 
through in forty hours. For sailing ves- 
sels tugs are provided at a charge of 
$1000 extra. The entire cost of con- 
structing the canal was $85,180,000. The 
British Government owns one-fifth of the 
shares of the canal, having bought 176,- 
602 from the Khedive in 187G for $24,- 
883,000, being 12.1 per cent premium. 
The coupons having been cut off, the 
Khedive pays the interest till 1802. The 
canal shortens the voynge between Eng- 
land and the East by one-third; that is, 
it enables two ves-sels to do the Bame 
work that would n quire three by the 
Cape of Good Hor e.— Age of Steel. 



The First Public Bank. 

To Venice, the "Queen of the Adriatic," 
belongs the honor of having established 
the first public bank of which any record 
can be found, such an institution being 
unknown to the ancients. 

In 1711 the Republic of Venice was 
very hard pressed for funds to carry on 
the wars in which it was continually en- 
gaged in order to uphold its supremacy. 
As a consequence a tax was levied on its 
moneyed men, who were promised a per- 
petual annuity of 4 per cent on the loan 
thus contributed, the borrowers never 
dreaming of the possibility of returning 
the principal. 

The lenders immediately instituted a 
bureau for carrying out the proposed 
plan of receiving and paying out the 
interest, and in a comparatively short 
time it was erected into the Bank of 
Venice. The exact date of its founding 
is not known with any degree of cer- 

Interest on the loan was promptly paid 
and the creditors of the republic were 
subsequently paid in full the sums they 
had advanced. Consequently, so popular 
did it become, that it was found absolutely 
necessary to transform the private bank 
into one of deposit, that all classes might 
take advantage of theaccommodation thus 

Tn 1 723 the interest paid by the Govern- 
ment alone amounted to upwards of 
$1,000,000 a year, and the shares and 
credits of the bank were so well supported 
that at all times its bills were quoted and 
held at a premium above the current 
money of the republic. 

After many years of prosperity, the 
bank was given its death-blow by the 
French invasion of 1 797. The freedom of 
the city and the independence of the 
republic vanished like a dream before the 
invaders, and as a natural consequence 
the bank, having thus lost its credit and 
support, also disappeared in the general 

Heading End On. 

A sailor with a grand pair of red 
whiskers dropped into a Stepney " pub." 
the other day. Finding some other sea- 
men there he kept running his fingers 
through his whiskers so as to call atten- 
tion to them. Going up to a weather- 
beaten old tar sitting on an empty cask 
in a corner, he exclaimed: 

" Say fren', there aint norra finer set 
o' whiskers than these here in the Hugh 

"Ah!" rejoined the oid man, "it's only 
'arf an objection I has to 'em." 

" 'Arf an objection ? Wotever d'yer 
mean ?" 

" Well, that whisker on the starboard 
side oughter to be green." 

During the roar that followed, whiskers 
evaporated from the apartment. — London 



Pike's Peak. 

An exchange prints a story of a 3 T oung 
lady who went to Colorado for her health, 
and while sojourning at Manitou, fell 
into conversation with a gentleman on 
the hotel piazza. 

The gentleman remarked upon the 
grandeur of Pike's Peak, which towered 
majestically before them. The young 
lady expressed her appreciation of the 
wonderful spectacle. 

"I suppose," said the gentleman, after 


As an inducement we will present to each customer a Large and 
Handsome Crayon Portrait, free of charge, enlarged from any photo- 
graph a customer may desire, to a size 14x17, with a choice of Five 
Beautiful Frames. Call and see samples and get particulars at the 

Coasting Shirt Store 

S. LANZET, Proprietor 


I beg leave to notify my patrons that I 
am keeping on hand a full and complete 
stock of goods of all kinds, and that I have 
made a futher reduction in prices, which 
will be found in my price-list. 

Orders from coastwise ports respectfully 
solicited and Mill receive prompt attention. 

All goods are warranted to be as repre- 
sented or money refunded. 

Thanking my patrons for past favors and 
hoping for a continuance of your patronage 
in the future, Respectfully, 


30 Steuart Street, Near Market 

r^n-ICJE! - LIST s 


Men's White Shirts, with reinforced fronts, 

linen boa<>ui $1 00 

Better quality, linen bosom 1 28 

Be't quality, Wamsntta mosltn, linen bosom . . 1 60 
If half dnz. Shirts are bought, t! linen collars 
of any style ai e given free. 


Men's Percale Shirts 1 26 

Men's French Peroale Shirts, sest quality 

*1 60 to 1 75 

I ioen Collars, all styles 2 for 25c 

Linen Caffs, per pair 25o 

Also fall line o( Oelluloid Collars and faffs. 
A large line of the latett styles of Neckwear 

from 25c tn 75c 

Silk Handkerchiefs from 50c to 1 00 

Silk Mnffleie II 00 to 1 26 


Balbrleeao Socks, white and fancy, j. air 25o 

Scotch Wool docks, per pair 50c 

Best knitted Socks, extra heavy, psir 50c 

All wool seamlesB heavy Socks, all colors, per 


. 25c to 35c 


Men's Canton flannel Underwear, heavy 50c 

Men's Oant»n flannel Underwear, better qual- 
ity, trimmed 75c 

Men'» merino Underwsar, white and colored. . 50c 

Men's merino Underwear, better quality 75c 

Fauoy striped Cnderwesi $100 toll 26 

Norfolk, New Brunswick 1 25 

•• " better quality 160 

Real Scotch Wool, wbite or grey 2 00 

Red Knit, good quality II 60 to 1 75 

Red Oal. Flaunel dou"le breasted $1 50 

Blue Msrysville Flannel 1 50 

«■ " " best 1 76 

Bed '• " 1 75 

■• '• " best 2 00 

French Flannel, red or wbite 2 25 

Vicuna Flannel, all wool, double breasted 1 50 

8'ater's Cotton Shirt", extra size, lace or but- 
toned <5c 

Genuine Amoskeag Shirts, lace or buttoned. . . .50c 

Duok 8hlrt«, lace or buttoned , 76c 

Hickory Shirts 75o 

Moleskin Shirts, lacs or buttoned , 76c 

English Molesktu, extra heavy 90o 

Amoskeag Jumpers 50. i 

Cheviot Jumpers, best quality 76c 

Blue Maryoville Flannel Shirts, dble-breasted.|2 00 

Oloih Shirts, all wool 2 75 

Genuine Navy Flannel Shirts 2 50 

Oa88imere Bhirts 150 

" •' all woo! |2 00to2 50 

Negligee " " 1150 2 25 

Silk Dressing Bhirts S 00 

Blanket Shirts, good quality IS 00 to 4 00 

' Boss of the Boad," brown or bine, best 

quality, per pair 66c 


Wool Mattresses 1160 

Genuine Eureka Hair, best quality 3 00 

Feather Pillows 1 Oil 

A large line of Sheets, Bedspreads, Pillow Case' 
and Mattress Covers constantly on band. 


Quilts |1 00 

" better quality 1 2. 

Satteen Quilts, best cotton II 76 to 2 00 

Eastern Blankets, doable 1 50 to 3 60 

Marysville Blankets, grey t 0(1 to 6 W 

" " fancy colors 7 00 to 8 50 

Zinc Trunks, zinc bottoms, water proof |4 00 to 17 Oft 

Ituitai Ion Leather Valise 1 00 to 2 0<l 

Leather or Canvas Valises, full nnlphd 

beet 2 60 to i 00 


F»rm-r 8aMn Caps, well made 

Fine Bilk r<aps 

Scotch Knit Caps 75 

Wool Hats, soft or stiff 1 00 

Casslmere Hats, soft er stiff 1 25 1 50 

Fine Stiff Hats, latest styles...' 2 00 3 60 

Soft Hats, latest styles 2 00 3 25 


»uits 2 90 

Half Pea Coats 2 66 

Medium Coats 3 00 

Extra Long Coats 4 00 

Ved 1 am Black Coats 4 00 

Sou'westers 75c te 90 


Plash Slippers, best 76 

Leather 81 'ppers, beet 90 

Creole Gaiters 2 50 

Glove Kid Gaiters 2 76 

Imitation Lace Gaiters 2 6 . 

Prince Albert 2 50 

Low Quarter Buff, laced 2 01 

Low Quarter, French calf 3 00 

United WorklDgmen's Working Shoes, buck- 
led and high cat 2 50 

Wooneocket or Boston Best Quality Robber 

Boots, patent lined 4 00 

Canvas Boot, best 4 75 

Celebrated Ajax Hunting Boots, best 4 00 


Kentucky Jean 90 

Farcy O.ilore |1 ^5 to 1 50 

Woolen Pants 2 00 to 3 00 

Fine Casslmere Pants 3 50 to 5 00 

French Casslmere Pants 6 60 to 6 50 

A large line of Clothing constantly on hand of all grades and styles, and 
guarantee a saving of 25 per cent on all suits; also a large line of Pants 
and Vests. In sending an order for a suit of clothes, state size, color and 
price and your order will receive the. same attention as if buying in person, 
and better. T also keep on hand a large line of Cutlery, Jewelry, Notions, etc. 


30 Steuart Street, near Market. 


Practical WUchmakerl Jeweler 

Formerly Watchmaker with Geo. C. Shreve &, Co. 

Chronometers, Watches, Nautical In- 
struments, Musical Boxes, Clocks 
and Jewelry skillfully repaired and 
warranted. Always on hand Clocks, 
Watches, Jewelry, Optical Goods. 


Three doors above Dnimm San Franr.ison 

Charles Lester 

Large Assortment of 


Constantly on Hand 

Orders Promptly Filled at Moderate Prices 
Repairing Neatly Done 

12 Steuart Street 

San Francisco 

Charl ^ A °? erson The Morning Call 


— Is the BEST — 
Tobacco, Cigarettes, Etc. 

white labor goods only Daily Paper in San Francisco 

IvO Udal M., HOW/SRD ST., «■ ■• 

Siit>sei-it>e foi* Tt 


Attorney - at - Law 

Special attention given to Admiralty practice and 
cmob in which Seamen an- interested. 

606 Montgomery St reet. Corner Clay 


J0HX WALKER, Propr. 

Furnished Rooms by the Day, Week or Month on 
Reasonable Terms 

32 Steuart Street 

San Francisco 

frank ahlgrf.n 


Ahlgren. Widlung & Co. 


hats, caps 

No. 13 Minion Street 

Rohlffs Building . . San Francisco 

Suomalaisten Kaupphone 

All White Labor Goods Courteous Attention 
Given to Patrons 

City Front Union Laundry ! 


Between Washington 
and Jackson Street! 

San Francisco 

Edouart Bonnet, Propr. 

Commercial Exchange 

GOB M.vitshs, Propr. 


Billiards and Pool 

No. 24 Howard St. San Francisco 

Jackson-Street Coffee House 

Wilson & Johnson, Proprs. 

0"Meals at all Hours. *,* Open Day and Night's* 
Give them a Call 

116 Jackson Street 

San Francisco 

Empire State House 


Board and Lodging l>y the Day, Week or Month 
Ships' Crews hoarded on reasonable terms 

General Office of the celebrated "KING OF AGUE." 
Branch Office, 419 F.ast Street, San Francisco 

249 Steuart Street 

Factory No. 10 


Manufacturer* of ami Dealt-r* in 

White * Labor * Union* Made 




Seamen, Look for Factory No. 10 on each Box 

634 Sacramknto Street, San Francisco 


— IN the — 


— in 


AND — 




Four Specialties in 


Heavy English Cassimere $4 00 

Extra Heavy Havre Cloth, Water- 
proof. $3 50 

Heavy Jersey, will not shrink, ..$1 00 

Strong Working Shirt, fast color. 25c 



Corner Merchant, San F anoisoo 


Oyster and Chop House 

Thomas Drury, - Proprietor 

This House is under the Management of a First-class 

Cook. itSTFine Furnished Rooms by the 

Day, Week or Month. 

(;lay Street 

San Francisco 

Manufacturer of 


Flags, Signals '^11 

626 Washington St. San Francisco 


Rooming and Boarding 



Thomas Ahkmann 

135 FiXST Street San Francisco, Cal. 



Larger Circulation than any other Marine 
Journal on the Pacific Coast 


30 TO 



Dealer in Clothing, Gent'8 Furnishing Goods, Hate, 
Caps, Boota and Shoes, Rubber Boots and Oil 
Clothing, Trunks, Valises, Etc. 

Remember the No., 24 CLAY ST. near Kast 

San Francisco 


Chronometer and Watch Maker 


Jewelry made to Order. Watches, Clocks, Jewelry, 
Music Boxes and Nautical Instruments Repaired 
and Warranted. 


Cor Jackson, Next Door to English Shipping Office 


Hurrah for the Hub 




M. BOKNSTEIN The Coast Seamen's Friend, Propr. 
210 Commercial Street, Seattle 


Merchant Tailors 

No. 22 Kearny Street 

Rooms 5 and 6 

San Francisco 

Near Market St. 

Will Call with a Full Line of Samples if Desired 




1138 to 1146 Market St. SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. 

None but Choicest Meats and every variety sold by us Orders delivered 

to any part of the City 

Country Orders solicited and promptly attended to. 

Shipping Orders filled at shortest notice. 

Telephone 3013 Emilie Pure Leaf Lard 





Undertakers ^Embalmers 


C. C. Rohlffs A. J. Gerdad 



Groceries, Provisions^Ship Stores 

White Labor Cigars Always on Hand 

Under Coast Seamen's Union Office SAN FRANCISCO, CAL. 

F. Haoemann, Jr., President 

Rudolf Haoen, Vice Pres. and Teas. 

Albany Brewery 

incorporated as 



71-75 Everett Street, San Francisco 

We Solicit the Patronage of the Public 

Shoe /^T^SSt 

lUj £T£$> > 

REMOVED ^Ti^/ TO No. 20 

The only place where Seafaring Men can get Value for their Money 
All Shoes are Made by White Labor 

the conversation had proceeded a little 
way, "that the mountain has a peculiar 
interest to me from the fact that my own 
name is Pike." 

"Naturally it would," answered the 
lady, promptly; "and I may add that 
my own enthusiasm is probably increased 
by the fact that my name is Peak." 

The coincident was extraordinary, and 
the story has strong marks of truth. If 
it had been made up, the inventor would 
almost certainly have begun, soon 
ripened into friendship; that this in turn 
gave place to sentiments of a tenderer 
nature, and that the young woman soon 
became, like the mountain itself, Pike's 

Good Use for a Coffin. 

A writer in the Anglican Church Maga- 
zine once found in a collier's cottage in 
Staffordshire a coffin used as a bread and 
cheese cupboard. Notwithstanding his 
wife's remonstrance, he told the story of 
the coffin as follows: "Eighteen years 
ago," he said, "I ordered that coffin. 
The wife and me used to have a good 
many words. One day she said, 'I'll 
nivver be content till I see thee in thy 
coffin.' 'Well, lass,' I said, 'if that'll 
content thee, it'll soon be done.' Next 
day I gave directions to have the thing 
made. In a tew days it cane home, to 
the wife's horror. 1 got into it and said, 
'Now, lass, art thee content?' She began 
to cry, and wanted the 'horrid thing' 
taken away. But that I wouldn't allow. 
.In the end she got accustomed to seein' 
it, and as we wanted to turn it to some 
use, we had some shelves put in and 
made it into a bread and cheese cup- 
board. We have nivver quarrelled since 
it came." 

The Cameron Highlanders. 

The regiment of Cameron Highlanders, 
which it is now proposed shall become a 
battalion of the Scots Guards, was origi- 
nally raised by one Alan Cameron of 
Erracht, in 1793. A year later it was 
proposed to draft it into four regiments, 
and there is a story told of a very stormy 
interview which Colonel Cameron had 
with the Duke of York, then Commander- 
in-Chief, on the subject. The Colonel 
protested that "to draft the 79th is more 
than you or your royal father dare." 
Whereto the Duke replied :" The King, 
my father, then, will certainly send the 
regiment to the West Indies." This was 
too much for the Colonel's patience, and 
he stormed out, "You may tell the King, 
your father, from me, that he may send 

us to if he likes, and I'll go at the 

head of them, but he daurna draft us !" 

A Cigar Stump Exchange. 

The ancient Place Maubert in Paris 
is the resort of more curious characters 
than any other place in the world. On 
the steps which lead to it from the 
Boulevard Saint Cermain, the Parisian 
Cirgar Stump Exchange meets every 
pleasant afternoon. All members of the 
exchange bring their wares to these 
meetings in paper boxes. There is no 
dealing in futures. Each broker sells 
only thecigar ends actually in his posses- 

The buyers on this exchange are whole- 
salers and retailers. The wholesalers buy 
in all the stumps they can get for about a 
franc a pound, clean them, cut them up 
fine and sell the product in packages with 



fancy covers as smuggled tobacco for three 
or four francs a pound. The Government 
tobacco of similar quality costs between 
five and six francs a pound. The retail 
buyers purchase only two or three pounds 
of stumps at a time for their own con- 

The prices on the Tobacco Stump Ex- 
change vary, of course, as on other ex- 
changes, according to the relations of 
supply and demand. In winter, when 
fewer persons smoke in the street, fewer 
stumps are found in the gutters and 
brought to the exchange, and the sellers 
get 10 or 15 per cent more for their 
stumps than they get in summer, when 
the boulevards and squares are crowded 
with smokers. 

The sellers, who gather at the Place 
Maubert Exchange every afternoon, re- 
present, according to the Parisian police, 
some 1600 professional gatherers of cigar 
stumps in the city. Many of these 
gatherers have in their employ waiters 
and scavengers of various kinds, who 
deliver to them at low prices all the 
stumps they find in alleys and in ash- 



Bank of England Curiosities. 

"The Bank of England smells of 
money," says a contemporary. "It is 
the embodiment of bullion and solid 
luxury. For instance, you are told that 
the carpet you have just been treading 
on in one of the director's rooms has cost 
if 2000. There are many very real curi- 
osities to be seen. There is the wonderful 
draft for £20 ($100) drawn some time in 
the sixteen hundreds, but not presented 
for payment till early in the present 
century, when it was 200 years old, 
and by compound interest had swollen 
into £3000 ($15,000). Then they show 
you the bank-notes for £100 ($500), per- 
forated in ten parts, so that holders could 
tear off a £10 ($50) note as they would 
tear off a penny stamp. This idea had to 
be dropped. I fancy the outside men 
found them more profitable than did the 
Bank. I dare not mention all there is to 
be seen in the Bank of secret chambers 
and strongholds of bullion. But there 
are places in it that not twenty Londoners 
have seen and yet have been accessible 
to visitors from the country, fortified 

with special influence." 


"Tfte King Over the Water." 

Information Wanted. 

Peter Jonson, a native of Koganes, 
Sweden. Be is supposed to l>e on the coast. 

Par Wicktor PetterSOO is anxiously in- 
quired for by his mother. Address Mrs. 
Brithe Petterson, Fridhem Mo. 60, Kalmor, 

George Wilson is requested to communi- 
cate with his sister, Mrs. Olivia Samuelson, 
509 Tweuty-fourth street, near Harrison, 
San Francisco. 

Ferdinand Carlson is urgently requested 
to communicate his whereabouts to his 
dying mother. Address IS Odlands gatan, 
Stockholm, Sweden. 

Conrad Jorgenson,. who in New York 
went by the name of Charles Janseu, would 
confer a favor on his mother, wife and 
daughter by communicating with the JOUR- 
NAL office. 

Information wanted of Ludwig Stub, a 
native of Landifjord, Norway. Last heard 
from at Astoria in September, 1890. His 
mother would like to hear of him. Apply 
at Journal office. 

Wanted information as to the whereabouts 
of Knute Clausen, a native of Christian- 
sund, Norway. He is about 25 or 20 years 
of age. His mother is anxious to hear from 
him. Notify Journal office. 

Elic, who was on the Mary Winkelman 
last August and who had an album belong- 
ing to his shipmate, Joseph E. Crinnell, is 
requested to return the same or communi- 
cate with the Journal 

Johannes .lunge, born near Klmshorn, 
Germany, last heard of in Seattle and be- 
lieved to be sailing on the coast. Informa- 
tion gladly received by F. H. Hilbert, 454 
Seventh Street. San Francisco. 

Any information of Johu James Moody, 
of Loudon, last heard of from Sydney, N. 
S. \\'., in 1SSS, is anxiously looked for by 
his parents. Notify tin- .Ioiiinai. office or 
C. A Moody, 21 Battersea Uise, Clapham 
Junction, London 

How to <>ct Rich. 

About the middle of last century a 
vast majority of the country gentlemen 
in England and Scotland were Jacobites. 
Prudence demanded that when drinking 
to "the King" — by whom they meant, of 
course, James II., as long as he lived, and 
afterwards his sons and grandsons, who, 
like him, were exiled from England — 
they should pass their glass over the 
finger-bowl, by which they indicated that 
they were toasting "The King over the 
water." In the northern co ntries of 
England, and in the "Land < Cakes," 
there were numbers ©f Roman Catholics 
who never ceased to hope, as some of their 
descendants do to-day, that the "old 
faith" would be resurrected in this coun- 
try, and that, when "the King should en- 
joy his ain again," his Holiness the Pope 
would not be forgotten in the division of 
spoils. — Glasgow Citizen. 


Through studying the wealthy men, 

Who society adoru so; 
The best way to get rich I'm forced 

To think is to be born so. 

BY MAR 111 

Wealth always brings a load of cares, 
And few men well can carry it ; 

Hut if you do not Fear their weight, 
A good way is to marry it. 

If you would admiration win, 

And would forever feel it ; 
To get your wealth just hustle round, 

Make some big deals and steal it. 


One way there is of getting wealth, 
Though few there be that learn it ; 

And that's to toil and pinch and save 
And struggle till you earn it. 

But of all plans of getting wealth, 

One doth surpass in worth : 
Just till yourself with whiskey, 
And then you'll own the earth. 

V Y. Herald. 

Jfot so Easy as If Looks. 

He was looking at a typo 

Piling letters iu his stick, 
And each one seemed to fall in line 

So gracefully and slick. 
" That's easy work," he mattered, 
" I e'en could do it well 
If I only had a half a chance 

And could the botfes tell." 
The typo bade him try his hand; 

O'erjoyed the stick he took — 
Se set one line— it's standing yet — 

I? Beaj's J.1M8 Sosit oF look. 

Nothing Succeeds Like Success. 

Owing to the increased amount of patron- 
age bestowed on us by the (oast Seamen, 
for which we sincerely thank them, we were 
obliged to enlarge our store and stock. 

W e have now the largest and best equipped 
store on the wat< r-front. Our new goods 
are the best that money can buy, and if you 
give us a trial you will find them to be so. 

We keep on hand all the leading brands 
of Rubber Boots, Woonsocket, Stanloop, 
Hay Slate, Bunting, invaa Duck 

and < ''Midyear Patent Canvas. Sutton's and 
the Pacific Duck brands of Oilskins; blue 
and yellow, pearl button, fancy worked 
Flannel Overshirts: Underwear from $1 a 
snit up; all kinds of Socks. Hats, Caps, 
Collars, Ties, Working Shirts, Blankets, 
Comforters, Working and Dress Shoes, 
Pants, Overalls, Soap, Wool and Straw 
Beds and Pillows, Cloves, Mits, and every- 
thing required by seamen. All white labor. 

We have but one price, and that the very 
lowest. CrINOLS & CABBOLL, 11!) East 
street, between Mission and Howard, near 
the Sailors' Union Headquarters, S. K. 

1 1 n pp a A hash uerus. 

"When I went to sea," said an old yarn- 
spinner down on the wharves, "I was very 
handy aloft, and answered to the conveni- 
ent name of 'Jack. I was so willing and 
handy that the officers were always calling 
upon me. It was 'Jack, do this,' or 'Jack, 
do that.' On one voyage from Havana to 
Philadelphia the mates called on 'Jack' so 
much that I was well-uigh worn out. I de- 
termined to be 'Jack' no more. After ar- 
riving in Philadelphia and remaining there 
a few days I went to the Shipping Commis- 
sioner's office for a new job. He said he 
wanted a mnn for a captain who was even 
then waiting in the office and requested me 
to sign my name. 

" 'I cannot write,' I said. 

" 'Then tell me your name,' said he. 

" 'Ahashuerus Yitz Van Deu/endorff,' 

" 'What?' 

" 'Ahashuerus Yitz Yan Deuzendorrl. ' 

" 'How in thunder do you spell it ?" 

" 'I don't know.' 

" Here, captain,' said the Commissioner, 
turning to the waiting captain, 'this man 
seems all right but for his confounded name.' 

" 'That's all right,' said the captain, and 
I was shipped. And I will tell you I had 
peace and comfort on that voyage. When, 
ever the mate wanted me to do anything, 
he would start on my name, break out 
swearing, and then tell another man to do 
the work. I think they rather suspected 
something wrong about the name, but they 
never caught me." — Portland Pre88. 

There seems to be a magic in the thirteen 
original States. It is a uoteworthy circum- 
stance that all the men elected to the 
Speakership since the rirst Congress were 
born in one or another of only thirteen States. 

Union Men 


ALBERT MA1ZEN, - Proprietor 

JOE LEWIS, .... Manager 

(Olil members of tin SuiU rV Union 

Regular Meals 2. "x: ."> Meal Tickets $1 

209 East St.. near Howard, S. F. 


(Formerly Arizona Hotel) 
.1. BCHDEPF us J. M.U RKK, Puna, 

First-class Board and Lodging 

Nice. Clean and Airy Rooms 

11 and 13 CLAY STREET 








l)o You Want a Suit. 

If you want a perfect-fitting, serviceable 
suit of clothes, call on Krall & Schmoll, 
merchant tailors, No. 22 Kearny street, up 
stairs. We guarantee satisfaction. A large 
stock of good to select from. 




On Tap Everywhere 

Office 403 Market Street 

San Fran. 

Should patronize Ed Anderson. Why? Be- 
cause he is a uniou man himself and keeps 
only union-made goods. If you want any- 
thing in the way of pipes, cigar or cigarette 
holders, cigar-ca3es, tobacco, ciyars, cigar- 
ettes, matches, writing materials, brushes, 
combs, pocket-books, collar-buttons, pocket 
handkerchiefs and suspenders you can be 
suited at the old stand. Sultana razors 
warranted to be the best in the market or 
money refunded. The self-lighting Magic 
Pocket Lamp, an article that no man or wo- 
man can afford to be without, kept on hand. 
A thousand articles, both useful and or- 
namental, in short, everything, from a 
needle to an anchor, that is necessary to 
make life worth living, may be had at the 
lowest figure at Ed Anderson's. Give him 
a call. 

The world moves, but Anderson may still 
be found at the same place, 104/i East 
Street. COASI Skamk.n's JOURNAL always 
on hand. 


The Identical Hotel 

.1. MORRLLO, Propr. 

Boarding- and Lodging: 

Good Accommodations 
Victoria Crescent Nanaimo, B. O. 

jas. McGregor 

Everything Marked in 

Plain Figures and Only One Price 


Commercial st. - Nanaimo, K. < I, 



United States 



Palace Hotel Building, San Francisco 

The Pacific Coast Navigation School 

Estntolislaocl 1875 

Capt. E. IVIcIVEVIIV, Principal 
404-406 BE ALE ST. - - - San Francisco 



Lectures Every Friday on Marine Law and Seamanship 

Captain McNevln's Works on Navigation are Indorsed by Commander Class and other U. 

8. Commanding Officers 

School open daily from 9 a. m. to 5 p. m.; Evenings from 7(09 p.m. Private It isons at residence. 
The course is thorough, including all branches of Navigation. The use of Chronometer, Sextant and 
Azimuth Compass, etc., practically taught and illustrated by actual observation. 

Certificates of Competency for Sailing Vessels as well as United States Steam License 
Guaranteed to Efficient Pupils. 


Official Papee of the International Seamen's Union of America. 

A Journal of Seamen, by Seamen, for Seamen. Our Aim: The Brotherhood of the Sea. Our Motto: Justice by Organization. 

Vol. XVIII. No. 28. 


Whole No. 912. 


Question of Seamen's Efficiency Ignored. 

Congress Fails to Protect Human Life. 

ANDREW FURUSETH, the legislative repre- 
sentative of the International Seamen's 
Union of America during the recent session 
of Congress, has submitted a detailed report of the 
work done in the interests of seamen and the travel- 
ing public. The report is as follows: 
To the Officers and Members of the International Sea- 
men's Union of America: 

Comrades — As chairman of your Legislative Com- 
mittee stationed in Washington during the session, 
I beg to report as follows: 

Immediately upon arrival there, two days after 
the adjournment for the Christmas holidays, I went 
to see Representative Minor, of Wisconsin, who in- 
formed me that a Ship Subsidy bill had been drafted 
and that the leading idea in the bill was to develop 
through the same a body of seamen, native or natu- 
ralized, sufficient for the needs of the merchant ma- 
rine and navy; more especially the navy. He stated 
that he was not at liberty to give out any more than 
this general information. 

I then went to see Mr. W. L. Marvin, Secretary 
of the Merchant Marine Commission, and obtained 
from him a copy of their proposed report. He in- 
formed me that they had made some recommendations 
as to merchant seamen, but had not placed the same 
before Congress in the shape of a bill, nor had they 
any intention of so doing. He referred me, in page 
13 of their report, to the following language: 

Authorized representatives of the seamen have 
been heard by the Commission on the Atlantic, the 
Pacific, and the Gulf of Mexico. They have had a 
conspicuous part in almost every meeting, and their 
evidence is fully set forth in the published volumes. 
As a rule, this testimony is to the effect that general 
conditions of life in the American merchant marine — 
wages, food, quarters, etc. — are superior to those in 
foreign services, but that the discipline is often more 
exacting and the work more arduous. These seamen 
witnesses frankly acknowledge the beneficial effect of 
legislation enacted in recent years by Congress, but 
they ask for further measures of relief. The Com- 
mission would, therefore, commend to the friendly 
attention of the proper committees of the Senate 
and the House of Representatives requests offered by 
the sailors as to the load-line law, the adequate 


Afterward I went to see Mr. Minor again, and 
asked him why they had not inserted this recom- 
mendation in the shape of a section in the Ship Sub- 
sidy bill. Mr. Minor said that would have made the 
bill too complicated, and they would not be able to 
pass it. I suggested to him that the only people who 
could have any possible objections to those recom- 
mendations being enacted into a statute would be 
the men who were to be benefited by the subsidy, and 

that if they objected to it as included in the Ship 
Subsidy bill, they would surely do so after that bill 
had been enacted. I stated to him that I did not 
know how the seamen would look upon the matter, 
having no instructions on that point, but I felt sure 
that that would be their point of view. 

Later on a bill was introduced in both Senate and 
the House, and reported without any substantial 
alteration from the House Committee on Merchant 
Marine and Fisheries, and the Senate Committee on 
Commerce. The report from both committees was 
partisan, and the Democrats filed a minority report 
in each instance. Nothing more was done in the 
matter during the session. 


Shortly after arriving I obtained a copy of a 
report from the Board of Supervising Inspectors 
amending the rules and regulations relative to the 
inspection and manning of passenger steamers. It 
had been adopted and submitted to Mr. Metcalf, 
Secretary of the Department of Commerce and Labor, 
who had caused it to be submitted to the steamship 
companies of the country for their opinions. Rela- 
tive to manning of vessels the Board had, under 
authority of Section 4463, provided for a manning 
scale, as follows: 

The following is the minimum number and class 
of licensed officers and crew required on steamers 
coming under the provisions of Title LII, Revised 

Steamers of 100 tons and under, navigating the 
inland waters of the Atlantic and Pacific Coasts, 
shall carry not less than two pilots, two engineers, 
two firemen, two deck crew, and one person in stew- 
ard's department. 

Steamers of more than 100 tons, and not more 
than 500 tons, navigating the coastwise waters of 
the United States, shall carry not less than one 
master, one mate, two engineers, two firemen, and 
four deck crew. 

Steamers of more than 500 tons, and not more than 
2,500 tons, navigating the oceans and coastwise 
waters of the United States, shall carry not less than 
one master, two mates, three engineers, two oilers, 
six firemen, and six deck crew. 

Steamers of more than 2,500 tons, navigating the 
oceans and coastwise waters of the United States, 
shall carry not less than one master, three mates, 
four engineers, three oilers, three water tenders, nine 
firemen, two quartermasters, and eight deck crew. 

Steamers inspected and certificated as "Lake, bay 
and sound steamers," navigating the lakes, bays and 
sounds of the Atlantic and Pacific Coasts, shall carry 
not less than the following number of licensed officers 
and crew: 

Steamers of 100 tons and under, two idiots, two 
engineers, two firemen, and two deck crew. 

Steamers of more than 100 tons, and not more than 
1,000 tons, one master, one mate, two pilots, two 
engineers, two firemen, and four deck crew. 

Steamers of more than 1,000 tons, one master, two 

mates, two pilots, two engineers, three firemen, and 
six deck crew. • 

Steamers navigating the waters of the Great Lakes 
and their tributary waters shall carry not less than 
the following number of licensed officers and crew: 

Steamers of not more than 100 tons, two pilots, 
two engineers, two firemen, and two deck crew. 

Steamers of more than 100 tons, and not more 
than 1.000 tons, one master, two pilots, two engi- 
neers, three firemen, and six deck crew. 

Steamers of more than 1,000 tons, and not, more 
than 2.500 tons, one master, two pilots, two engi- 
neers, two oilers, four firemen, and six deck crew. 

Steamers of more than 2,500 tons, and not more 
than 5,000 tons, one master, two pilots, two engi- 
neers, two oilers, four firemen, and eight deck crew. 

Steamers of more than 5,000 tons, one master, two 
pilots, three engineers, two oilers, four firemen, and 
eight deck crew. 

Provided, That all steamers engaged exclusively in 
passenger and package freight business shall have a 
licensed officer in charge of the deck at all times, in 
addition to the licensed pilot in charge. 

Steamers navigating rivers only shall cany not 
less than the following number of licensed officers 
and crew: 

Steamers of 50 tons and under, two pilots, two 
engineers, two firemen, and two deck crew. 

Steamers of more than 50 tons, and not more than 
250 tons, one master, one mate, two pilots, two engi- 
neers, two firemen, and two deck crew. 

Steamers of more than 250 tons, one master, one 
mate, two pilots, two engineers, two strikers or oil- 
ers, two firemen, and four deck crew. 

Nothing in the above rides shall be construed to 
exempt any steamer carrying passengers from carry- 
ing the watchman provided for in Sections 7 and 8 
of Rule X. 

All ferryboats shall be required, when under way, 
to carry not less than the following number of officers 
and crew: 

Ferryboats of 300 tons and under, one pilot, one 
engineer, one fireman, and two deck crew. 

Ferryboats over 300 tons shall be required to carry, 
in addition to the above crew, one mate, who shall 
be in charge of the main deck. 

Ferryboats shall be required to have at all times, 
when under way, one man on watch in or about the 
pilothouse, in addition to the pilot in charge. 

Ferryboats navigating New York bay or harbor 
shall be required to have two licensed pilots on watch 
at all times. 

Ferryboats on any route whose maximum number 
of passengers on any trip is 500 or more, shall be 
required to have two licensed pilots on watch at all 
times when under way. 

Steamers having boilers and engines on each side, 
and engaged in transporting railroad ears, shall have 
a licensed engineer on watch on each side at all times 
when under way. 

Should the master, owner, or agent at any time 
wish to navigate any vessel on daylight routes only, 
or less than twelve hours out of the twenty-four, 
one-half the above crew shall be designated. 

Provided, That so much of the foregoing rules as 
specify the number of firemen that must be employed 
in the different classes of steamers shall not apply 
to such steamers as use fuel oil or are fitted with 
automat ic stokers. In oil-burning steamers, or those 
fitted with automatic stokers, the number of firemen 
may be reduced to three in vessels in which the re- 
quii'i -.1 number of firemen is not over six, and in all 
larger steamers not less than one-half the number of 
firemen required on vessels burning coal under ordi- 
nary practice. 


It will be observed that this docs not provide for 
uny specific standard of skill in either sailors or 
firemen, and I therefore called upon the Secretary of 

i ommerce and Labor and invited his attention tn the 

importance of inserting a standard of skill, both 
as in sailors and firemen, hut more especially as to 
sailors, being the particular force on board of the 
vessel charged with the navigation thereof, with the 
handling of boats and life-saving appliances in any 
disaster- which would happen at sea. He suggested 
that I write a brief upon the subject and Bubmit 

it to him. 'litis was done, with the assistance of 

Representative Livernash, and the following brief 
was submitted: 


Section 44ti.'i of the Revised Statutes of the United 

Mates provides: 

"No steamer carrying passengers shall depart from 

any port unless she shall have in her service a full 

complement of licensed officers and full crew, suffi- 
cient at all times to manage the vessel, including 
the proper number of watchmen." 

Regardless of the number of persons composing her 

crew, a vessel which has not enough skilled men to 
manage her in ordinary conditions of weather and 
sea without calling the lookout or the watch below 

is undermanned. 

Undermanning imposes on Bkilled seamen inor 
dinate toil, and endangers life and property, not only 

in the case of the vessel undermanned, hut ill case 
01 other vessels. 

"An 'able seaman.* properly so-called." as Mr. 
Frank Bullen observes, "is a skilled mechanic with 

great abilities." — Bullen's Men of the Merchant Serv- 
ice, p. 1256. 

"On sailing vessels his place in calm or storm 
never can he adequately tilled by the unskilled, how- 
ever numerous, nor in steamships in emergencies.'' — 
Bullen's Men of the Merchant Service, chapter lis. 

In other words, numerical strength of crew does 
not necessarily yield the totality of skill essential to 
safe navigation, or reasonable distribution of the 
burden of toil incident to a voyage. 

And when, to transpose the statement of a British 
expert, the incompetency of individuals is accentu- 
ated by the inadequacy of numbers, sea life may be 
only a struggle against death and mayhap an un- 
successful struggle, with all implied by that in its 
bearing on loss of vessels 

indeed, overwork through undermanning is not 

only essential to making land, but fixes new stand- 
ards urging all seamen and all ships toward greater 
toil and graver peril. "By winking for their lives." 

says the committee appointed in 1S94 by the British 
Hoard of Trade to investigate concerning manning. 
in commenting on seamen handling an undermanned 
vessel, "they may succeed in reaching their destina- 
tion, ami thus they will have established their 
number as a proper crew for a vessel until further 
reduction is made."— Report to the Hoard of Trade, 
.lime 4, 1896, p. 15. 

How undermanning operates to promote loss of 
life and property is illustrated by the cases of the 
Rio de Janeiro, the Callam. the Sloeuni. and the 
Glen Island. 

We quote from the opinion of the United States 

Court of Appeals for the Ninth District. In re City 
of Rio de .Janeiro, as to the Mist of these cases: 

"The steamship Rio de Janeiro, whose hi pott 

was San Francisco, on entering the hay of San 
Francisco on the 22d day of February, I'.ioi. on one 

of her return trips from Hongkong and intermediate 
ports, struck a reef of rocks near the Golden Gate, 
and. within twenty minutes, sank beneath the waters, 
carrying down a large number of passengers and 
crew, and ill her cargo." 

"The riioid shows that the disaster occurred about 
half-past, five in the morning. * " The fog 

was .so dense thai the daj afforded no light. It 

was very dark, but the water was smooth, and there 
was hut little, if any. list to the ship as -lie sink. 
* * She carried 211 persons and 11 lifeboats, 
three of which were swung by davits from the sides 
of the ship, and eight of which were on skids on 
the roofs of the deck houses. Their equipment and 
the apparatus for launching them was good. 'The 
evidence is that under such conditions live minutes 
was ample time for the lowering of the boats. It 
further shows that there was no panic among the 

passengers or crew: that the passengers behaved 

well, and that the captain, immediately upon the 
ship striking the rocks, sounded the alarm and called 
the eiew to the boats. Kaeh of the boats was com- 
manded by a white officer and manned by a part of 

I he Chinese crew. Yet but three of the eleven boats 
were lowered into the water, one of which (the aft 

quarter boat, number ten) was lowered by Officer 

Coghlan and the ship's carpenter, and but three of 

the hundred and mid passengers that the ship carried 

were taken into any boat." 

"The ease shows that the Citj of Rio de Janeiro 

left the port of Honolulu on the voyage under consid- 
eration with a crew of sj chinamen, officered by white 
men. The officers could not speak the language of 
the Chinese, and hut two of the latter -the boatswain 

and chief fireman — could understand that of the 

is. Consequently, the orders of the officers had 

u. be communicated either through the boatswain or 

chiel fireman, or by sign- and signals. S,, far as 
appears, that seems to have worked well enough oil 

the voyagt in question, until the ship came to grief 

and there arose the necessity for quick and energetic 

action in the darkness. In that emergency the crew 

wholly inefficient and incompetent, as the sad 
results proved. The boats wen- in separate places 
on the ship: the sailors could not understand the 

language in which the orders of the officers in com 
mand . ipective boats had to lie given; it was 

too dark for them to see signs (if signs could have 

been intelligently given), and only one of the two 

t binese who spoke English appear- to have known 
anything about the lowering of a boat: and there 
had been no drill of the crew in the matter of lower 

ing them. I nder such circumstances it is not -m 

prising that but three of the I ts were lowen 

of which was successfully launched by the efforts of 

Officer Coghlan and the ship's carpenter, another of 

which was BWamped by one of the Chinese crew 
biting the after fall down with a run. and the third 
of which was lowered so slowly that it wa- swamped 
as the ship went down." 

The disaster thus described illustrates one BOrl of 

undermanning; where a vessel having a sufficient 
number of seamen, and perhaps even an adequate 

totality "f -kill ii ii arere available in all emergen- 
cies, is nevertheless unsafe at sea. is nevertheless 

undermanned, because inability of her seamen to 

understand orders makes them wholly or in part 
unavailable in hours of peril. 

"We have no hesitation in holding," -aid the Court 
"i Appeal- in the ca-e of the Rio de Janeiro 
(he decision in that action was sustained bj the 
Supreme Court of the United States in a recently 
rendered opinion I. "that the ship was insufficiently 

manned, for the reason that the sailors were unable 
to understand ami execute the orders made impera- 
tive by the exigency that unhappily arose and re- 
sulted -o disastrously to life, as well as to property." 
(Opinion filed May 9, l;»04.) 

teamship (allam founded in the straits of 
Juan de Fuca, on January 8, 1904, with a loss of 

50 lives. She was a vessel ordinarily plying the 
water- of Puget Sound, and her crew was made up 
of the number of men usually carried by a vessel 
of her class and tonnage, but they were not skilled. 
She became unmanageable while a heavy sea was 
running and slowly tilled. She was sufficiently 

equipped with boats, and there was an abundance of 
time between the obviousness of the foundering and 

the actual sinking to have permitted the lowering 
of boats and the saving of all the lives on board. 
Want of skill among the seamen caused the loss of 

The ease illustrates that kind of undermanning 

consisting in lack of skill in thi ite, without 

lack of numbers, all of the skill po--,'--e,l being avail 

The detail- of the di-aster to the General Slocum 

need not here be recited: but attention is din' ted 
to this quotation from the report of the United States 

( 'ommission of in\ est igat ion thereon : 

"The mate, in distinct violation of the law. and 
contrarj to the requirements of (la- vessel's certifi- 
cate, Was not a licensed officer. The services rendered 
by the mate a nil deckhand- in lighting the fire 
were not what they should have been, and in cm 
trolling and aiding the passengers the mate and 
crew gave little assistance. This was chiefly due to 
the personnel of the crew which, from evidence 
adduced and from the example of the crew that 
appeared before the commission, was obviously of 
a low grade as to efficiency. And the condition of 
thi- excursion traffic generally is such that this 

was naturally the ease. This traffic has a sea-on 
of about four months only, and the cmpC 
IS therefore not a regular one. The dick hands 
are apparently picked up with verv little consid- 
eration as to the knowledge of their duties, hive 
very little discipline, change from year 1" year 
(only one of the SloCUm's deckhands having been 
on the vessel before this yean, and are unfitted to 
meet any such emergency as was presented by the 

disaster to the General Slocum. or to properl] take 

care of such peculiarly dangerous traffic as that 

i n excursion boat -. 

"llli ixiiririi xix vx'i POOH Q1 M n v or lilt: DECK 
loss in so MANY LIVES." (Report of the U. B. 

Commission of Investigation upon the Disaster of 

tin- Steamer 'General Slocum.' p. 24.) 

The small capitals arc ours. The Slocum tragedy, 
with its loss of 955 out of 1,358 passengers, against 
a loss of only 1 out of a crew of 30, affords a strik- 
ing example of that kind of undermanning where 

"the incompetency of individuals is accentuated by 
the inadequacy of numbers." 

The more recent case of the Glen Island differs 
mainly in number of live- lost, not in kind, from 
that of the Slocum. and therefore will not here be 


In contrast with the cited disasters due to various 

forms of undermanning, we refer to the case of the 

At 4:30 o'clock in the morning of February 27, 

1004. a fire was discovered ill the after saloon of 

the steamship Queen, while the vessel was in a heavy. 

choppy sea. off the coast of Oregon, with the wind 

blow ing about fifteen knots. The boats (except 
-love in by getting under the guard while being han- 
dled) were lowered and manned, and the women anil 
children pa- ill them. The Sea nee 

not detailed for the boats remained on the ship and 

fought the tire By 8 o'clock the Barnes wen- ex- 
tinguished. Thereupon the passengers were returned 
to the steamer and the voyage was resumed. Four- 
teen lives wen- lost, unc through exposure in the 
boat-, three (members of the steward's department) 

through having their escape from the dames cut off, 

ami tin through drowning — eight sailors and two 

passengers. The ship carried the usual complement 

ecu, but picked for skill and in fact skilled. 
The in-ill declared that hut for the skill and di-.i 

plillc the vessel would have been lost. 

From the foregoing it will be seen that we favor 

a minimum manning scale, ami support the principle 

applied by the Hoard of Suporv i-! 

Steamboat Inspection Service, in the framing of a 

niiii" scale under section lit::: of the Revised 

Statutes mi the United State-. But ui< beg to sub- 

manning scale not based upon a definite 
standard of individual efficiency can not assure a 

dew "sufficient at all lime- In manage the v. 

\ N e respectfully recommend: 

l. that not less than i hree-fourt h i com- 

plement called for by any minimum manning sched- 
ule established by the Department of Commerce and 
Labor, in the case of deck crews of American ves 

sels, shall be individually effective hands -that is, 
• •I' ratings not lower than able -can: in. 

-. 'that the able seaman shall he considered the 

unit upon which to calculate the number of effective 

hand] an ordinary seaman to be counted a- two 

thirds of one effective hands, and a boy to be counted 
one I bird "f one ell'ei I ive hand. 
•". That an able seaman within the meaning of 

law must be nineteen or i e years of age. and 

must have had at least three years of experience at 

sea. on deck, of which at least ime year shall 

been aboard a sailing or deep sea fishing vessel: and 

ordinary -i i list be eigh 

of age. and must have had at bast one year of ex- 
perience at sea. on deck. 


By Andrew Furi seth, 
Chairma □ ' ommittee. 


This brief was later on submitted to the Pi.-i 

dent by Mr. Livernash ami myself, and he expressed 

himself as being ill entire accord with the principle 

therein submitted, and s r nt tor Mr. Uhler, Supervis- 
ing Inspector-General, for consultation upon the sub- 
A copy of the brief was submitted to Mr. Uhler 

al about the same time, and he said that it was in 
direct line with his own recommendations to the 
Department on thi lie furnished a copj 

of his report and called attention to the particular 
language Used therein. The Secretary of Commi 
and Labor, Mr. Mctealf. informed me that representa- 
tives of the different steamship companies would meet 

him in his office and they would go "vei the whole 

subject, and that I might be present at that meet 

ing. 1 was there and found that then' was a de- 
cided opposition to a marining scale being adopted 

hv the Board -it ling ill Washington, hut they 

willing ih H the local Inspectors in the different 
districts might determine the number of man in 
sary in the different capacities for a safe navigation 
of the vessel, and that they would he willing to be 
bound b; i-hiiis. providing they were given 

an opportunity to appeal against the same to the 
Department itself. The result was die introduction 
in Congress of a number of bill with in- 

spection of passenger vessels ami also one dealing 

with the manning thereof. The hill dealing with the 
manning v <- known as II. R. 18197, as follows: 


To ai 1 Section fortv four hundred and sixty-three 

of the i: lutes, relating to the comple- 

ment of crews of ve 

BE II' 1 xvi lili BI Mil. BENATE ami HOUSE of bep 
I'.Fsfn i viivks of Tin: t SITED STATES of AMERICA IN 

That Section forty four hundred and sixty-three 

oi the Revised statutes ,,f the United State- be 

amen, led to read as follows: 

"Sectioh 1463. X" steamer carrying 

for hire shall dep.nt from any port unless she shall 

in her service a full complement of lice: 
officers and full and well disciplined (and qualified) 

. sufficient at all times to manage (he vee 
including the proper number of watchmen. Hut if 
any such vessel on her voyage is deprived of the 

services of any licensed officer without the consent, 

fault, oi collusion of the master, owner, or any per- 
son interested in the vessel, the deficiency may be 

temporarily supplied until others licensed can be 
obtained: and the local inspectors shall have power, 

in such manner as may be prescribed by the Board 
■ I Supervising Inspectors, with the approval of the 

Sceiet, ,iv of Commerce and Labor, to iix and deter- 
mine the number Of licensed officers and crew to be 
nil by any vessel propelled iii whole or in part 
hv -team or machinery, subject to this title and 

carrying passengers for hire, by inserting the num- 
bers of Buch officers and crew so required in the ves 

Bel's certificate of inspection at the ti f issuing 

said, certificate: Provided, h that the ma- 

ter, owner or agent of the said vessel may ap; 

from such determination by the local inspectors t., 

the Secretary of Commerce and Labor, and the 

Secretary shall have power to revise or 

affirm the -aid determination of the local inspectors." 

When this bill came up in the Bouse Committee 

on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, the words "and 

qualified" were inserted, not being in the original 

bill. 1 called the attention of several members of 

the committee to the fact that this amendment to 
i he law wa- not sufficient and would not in reality 

make any material change, and therefore urged thai 
(Continued on Page 7.) 



Corrupt Practices Bill. 

A measure known as the ( lorrupt Prac- 
tices bill was recently introduced at Albany, 
N. Y., and is now under consideration by 
the Joint Committee on Judiciary of the 
Legislature. The bill aims at regulating the 
use of money in political campaigns, so as 
to reduce electoral corruption to a minimum. 
It has the solid backing of the trade-unions 
of the State and of the reform element among 
the politicians and business men, and its 
final enactment is therefore regarded as ex- 
tremely probable. 

The gist of the Corrupt Practices bill is 
that all contributions for political purposes 
shall be made through a single recognized 
agency; that is, a political committee, and 
that the treasurer of that committee shall 
make and file for publication itemized state- 
ments of receipts and disbursements. The 
principal backers of the bill are Perry Bel- 
mont, the well-known Xew York financier, 
and Judge D. Cady llerrick, Democratic 
nominee for Governor in the late State cam- 
paign. Mr. Belmont recently appeared be- 
fore the joint Committee on Judiciary on 
behalf of the measure, and said, in part: 

The bill for which I appear is non-partisan in 
origin, advocacy and purposes. There is no reason 
whatever for secrecy in regard to contributions and 
expenditures during elections. Nothing is more pub- 
lic than an election, and the public has every right 
to know as accurately as the law can provide what 
Buch contributions and expenditures are. 

Judge llerrick, who was also present, said: 

Gentlemen, 1 am no reformer or hypocrite. It 
would be an insult to your intelligence to speak to 
you on the evils of the corrupt use of money in 
elections. It is a practice which every man, I think, 
repudiates. In years gone by I have used money in 
elections, and if the present laws are unchanged I 
shall, in the course of future campaigns, use money 

Mr. Belmont also produced letters indors- 
ing the bill from a great number of public 
men, including Samuel Gompers, President 
of the American Federation of Labor ; Sam- 
uel Donnelly, of Typographical Union, No. 
<>, and Alfred J. Boulton, late People's Party 
nominee for Vice-President, and now of the 
Stereotypers' Union. 

The need of a law to abolish the corrupt 
use of money in political campaigns must 
be apparent to all honest and observant citi- 
zens, and should therefore be particularly 
appreciated by the trade-unions. As the 
political interests of labor and capital under 
existing economic conditions are seldom iden- 
tical, it naturally follows that capital will 
use its power during political campaigns to 
advance its own interests whenever these con- 
llici with the interests of labor. The best 
way to curtail this power is, obviously, 
through the medium of publicity, for even 
a case-hardened plutocrat is sensitive to pub- 
lic opinion. It is to be hoped, therefore, 
that the Corrupt Practices bill will soon 
become the law of New York, and that simi- 
lar laws will he enacted by the other States 
of the Union. That they would have a most 
salulary effect on the political morals of the 
voters can not he doubted by anyone who has 
watched the alarming increase of political 
corruption in recent elections. 

To Organize Women. 

Miss Gertrude Barnum, daughter of Wil- 
liam Barnum, formerly a judge in Chicago, 
has opened headquarters at 83 Rivington 
street, Xew Y'ork, for the purpose of organ- 
izing working-women into trade-unions, and, 
in general, to inaugurate an aggressive cam- 
paign in their behalf. Miss Barnum was 
formerly a resident of Hull House, in Chi- 
cago, where for several years she worked with 
the working girls and women of that city, 
forming clubs and classes, etc., but finally 
she came to believe that the fundamental 
principle in the solution of the labor question 
is trade-unionism. After working some time 
in Chicago as a labor organizer among 
women she went to Boston about a year ago, 
and her record in that neighborhood shows 
her to he both an enthusiastic and successful 
organizer. During the textile strike in Fall 
River she Was especially active in helping to 
maintain the "iris on strike, founding with 
her own resources a home for two hundred 
of them. 

The headquarters of Miss Barnum are sit- 
uated in an old Knickerbocker mansion with- 
in a stone's throw of the "College Settle- 
ment," and in order to win over the working- 
women more readily the rooms have been 
fitted with luxuries and conveniences so as 
to present the appearance of a well-appointed 
club, rather than the headquarters of a labor 
organization. The official appellation of the 
organization launched by Miss B.arnum will 
be the "Women's Trade-Union League," and 
she will act as secretary of the League until 
it gets its sea legs. Personally, Miss Bar- 
num has that peculiar charm of manner which 
puts even a bashful person at ease in her 
presence. Speaking of her present aims, she 
said : 

When I left Chicago a year ago the workingwomen 
of that city were fairly well organized. Thirty-five 
thousand of them were members of trade-unions, or 
about one-fourth of the total number at work in 
organizable trades. Here (in New York) , where there 
are perhaps a quarter of a million of working girls 
and women, conditions are far worse. They suffer 
from every possible industrial evil A They arc treated 
unfairly, work in unsanitary places, endure long 
hours and low wages, and there is a vast amount of 
irregular employment. It is the basic principle of 
the League of which I am secretary to point out to 
this host of workers how, as individuals, they are 
helpless, while in organization may be found a bet- 
terment of their lives and protection under the law. 
We also seek to inculcate the importance to union- 
ism and society of keeping the peace in times of 

Miss Barnum's experience and proven fit- 
ness as a labor organizer is hound to he of 
great assistance to the workingwomen of Xew 
York, who, as she truly says, "sutler from 
every possible industrial evil." This condi- 
tion i^ due in a great measure to the ever- 
increasing immigration, an abnormally large 
percentage of the i mm igrants seeking em- 
ployment in the city in preference to going 

into the country. It is to he hoped, therefore, 

thai .Miss Barnum will achieve even greater 
success in her present undertaking than she 

has done in her previous ventures of the 

Lundberg's Second Trial. 

The second trial of ex-Local Inspector of 
Steamers Lundberg, who hist •'inspected" 
the Slocum, occupied just eight days, anil 
ended, as did its predecessor, in a disagree- 
ment by the jury. It is said that Lundberg 
may be placed on trial a third time, as the 
majority of the jury believed in his guilt, 
according to the report of their disagreement. 

The second trial began on March 15, in 
the criminal term of the Federal Circuit 
( 'ourt of Xew York, and the charge against 
Lundberg was, as before, manslaughter and 
neglect of duty in connection with the Gen- 
eral Slocum disaster. The evidence brought 
out at this trial was practically of the same 
character as that brought out on the pre- 
vious occasion, and on that account, probably, 
there was a notable lack of interest by the 
public during the whole proceeding. Judge 
Thomas, in charging the jury, said, in effect, 
that honesty in the examination of vessels 
was in a degree a matter for the conscience 
of the Inspector. Judge Thomas also held 
that if one-half of the life-preservers were 
found to be in a good condition, it was fair 
to assume that the others were likewise in 
a good condition. lie further ruled that 
an honest mistake in judgment was not a 
sufficient basis for a conviction on the in- 

The charge to the jury, its will he seen, 
was on the whole rather favorable to Lund- 
berg, and it is generally thought that this 
w;is what caused the jurors to disagree, six 
standing for conviction on all the charges, 
and the others dividing between acquittal and 
ti partial conviction, it was said. .Indue 
Thomas will preside at the trial, in May, of 
the directors of the Knickerbocker Steam- 
boat Company, and the master of the Slo- 

" Knowledge is Power." 

Trade-unionists, of all men, should remem- 
ber that the power of organization can never 
reach its greatest effectiveness until augment- 
ed by the power of knowledge, and directed 
by the power of wisdom. Given a combina- 
tion of these three, powers harmoniously re- 
lated, and we have the mightiest instrument 
the human mind can conceive for the accom- 
plishment of anything not absolutely impos- 
sible. It has been stated by historians that 
the mastery of the world by the ancient 
Greeks, although a mere handful of men, as 
compared with the greal nations of modern 
limes, wtis due primarily to their genius for 
organization, civil and military; and to the 
fad that the average of intelligence found 
among the masses in the streets of Athens 

was higher than the average of intelligence 
found in any of the leading parliaments of 
the world to-day. The lesson to he deduced 
by workingnien from this is ohvious. As 
ignorance and lack of community of interests 
are the greatest foes of liberty, so they are, 
perforce, the greatesl aids to those who, from 

selfish motives, would fain enslave the masses 
of this count ry. In the final analysis, there 
fore, "knowledge is power" — and organiza- 
tion is its faithful handmaiden. 
(Continued on Page 10.) 


Home News. 

United States revenues for March show 
an excess over expenditures of .-sun. nun. 

It i* considered certain that an extra 
session of Congress will be called for 
October 16. 

The New xork Presbytery has reject 
cd the plan to create separate presby- 
teries for whites and nej 

A student of the Medical Department 
of the University of Chicago claims that 
lie can (aire rheumatism by hypnotic in- 

Xan Patterson will lie put nil trial 
again in New York cm April in for the 
murder of Caesai Young, bookmaker, 

I ,-t -lime. 

i a n.n 1 1 iuiiins of New Yoi I 
ordered an investigation of the alleged 
wholesale stealing of timber in the Adi- 
rondack Mountains. 

The total value of goods in bonded 
warehouses at the port of" New York 
on February 28 was $28,956,619, against 
$26,377,070 on January 31. 

'the \\ isconsin Legislature lias pa" t -,l 
an Anti-Cigarette l>il!, which absolutely 
prohibits the sale or manufacture of 
cigarel tes or cigarette paper. 

in a recent message to the Legislature, 
Governor Douglas of Massachusetts rec- 
ommended the passage of a direct in- 
heritance tax law for revenue purposes. 

The members of the Panama (anal 
Commission tendered their resignations 
on .March :iii. but will continue in office 
pending the appointment of their suc- 

The .lunkin Ant i-Trusl hill, aimed at 

the meal packers, has passed both houses 

of the Nebraska Legislature, and will he 

signed bj the Governor, with an emer- 


The town «if Bluehill, Maine, was re- 
cently isolated for two weeks by im- 
passable mails and ice. and reduced In 
one barrel of dour for 1,800 people, when 
rel ief arrived. 

'I'lie lower house of the Wisconsin Leg- 
islature ha- deferred action on the Sen 
ate hill to return the Alabama battle- 
Bag captured by the Fifteenth Wisconsin 
Regiment in lst',2. 

The Mai;, land ( 'niirt of Appeals has 

decided that tin- "Jim Crow" Act relat- 
ing tn the separation of the races in 

railway trains is valid only within the 
limit- of that State. 

The < kivernor oi Missouri has received 
from the United States Treasury a 
check tor $475,196 in payment of the 
State's claim for equipping and main- 
taining Federal troop- during the Civil 

I la sed on results of the observations 
of American Army officers during the 
Russo-Japanese war. a conference of of- 
ficials at Washington, I). C, was recently 
held to consider the higher physical 

training of enlisted men. 

The Maryland Court o f Appeals has 
decided that Governor Warfleld must 
promulgate the Disfranchisement Act 
passed bj the la-t Legislature to he 
submitted to the vote of the people at 

the State election in Novemher. 

The Westinghouse Electric and Manu- 
facturing Company has shipped from 
Pittsburg to the Baldwin Locomotive 
Works, of Philadelphia. Pa., electric 
machinery to lie used in constructing 
two electric motors for the Swedish Gov- 
ernment for use on the State railways. 

Reports have reached the Department 
of Justice that polygamy is being prac 

ticed in Some parts of the Hawaiian 
Island-, and I nited States Attorney 

Breckons, at Honolulu, has been in- 
structed to make an investigation of the 

The monthly statement of the public 
debt shows that at the close of business 
■ in March 31, 1905, the debt, less cash 
in the treasury, amounted to $988,ii'Jl. 
659, which is a decrease of $949,601 as 
compared with the previous month. 





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OF N. A. 

When you are buying a FUR HAT, either soft or 
stiff, see to It that the Genuine Union Label Is sewed 
in it. The Genuine Union Label Is perforated on the 
four edges exactly the same as a postage stamp. If a retailer has loose labels 
ip his possession and offers to put one in a hat for you, do not patronize him. 
Loose labels in retail stores are counterfeits. Unprincipled manufacturers are 
using them in order to get rid of their scab-made hats. The John B. Stetson 
Company, of Philadelphia, Pa., is a non-union concern. 

JOHN A. MUFF ITT, President, Orange, N. J. 
MARTIN LAWLOR, Secretary, H Warerly Place, Room IS, New York. N. Y. 



Clothing and Furnishing Goods 


Union Label Goods 



Deals exclusively In Union-made 

Call at his old Red Stand on 

Next door to Waterman & KatJt, just 
around the corner from the Union 

Clias. Eisenbeis. 

!•'. W. Kisenbeis 


— Dealers in — 

Manufacturers of all kinds of I 

ers. Ships' Stores a Specialty. 
310 Water St., Port Townaend, \Vn»u. 

Chas. A. Pragge, Mgr. Chaa. E. Coon, Pre* 

Port Townsend Mercantile Co. (inc.) 

Wholesale and Retail 



9*1-13 Water St., Port Townaend, Wash. 

Warehouse: Hurtlelt Wharf. 


Port Townsend. Wash. 

Wiilrxnlr and Itetail Dealer* in 

(;i:m:h \ I. MERCHANDISE. 

Complete stock of Ship Chandlery, 
Groceries, Dry Goods, Seamen's Sup- 
nil Outfits, etc., etc. Honest 
and fair dealing is our motto. 


— Dealer In — 
Dry Goods, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, 
Hats and Caps, Gents" Furnish- 
ings and Sailors' Outfits. 
315 Water St., next to Commercial Bank, 


>rpora ted) 
Wholesale and Retail Denier.-, la 

Shipping Supplied al Lowest R 
r TOWNSEND, wash 


Cigar and Tobacco Store 

JACOB OLSEN, No. 334, Prop. 


Store on Fourth Street, naar Beacon, 


— Dealer in — 

<h;\hs. TOBACCOS \\l> NOTIONS. 


Front street, opposite S. 1". Depot, 



ELI \S WEBERG, Proprietor. 

Front street. Opposite S. P, Depot, 

s \\ PEDRO, l VI.. 

Union-Made Clsars, Tobaccos, Pipes, 

Notions, Bite. 

J. P. SYLVA, Jr. 

— Dealer In — 



BEACON ST., bet. fourth and Fifth. 

No. 164. SAN PEDRO, CAD. 




Bet. Front A Beacon Sti., San Psdro. 

When making purchases from our adver- 
tisers, always mention the I oast 
Seamen's Journal. 


Pacific Coast Marine. 

Captain John Simpson. ex-Danish Consul and a 
well-known figure in the business life of San Fran- 
cisco for about thirty years, died at his home in that 
city on March 28, aged sixty-four years. 

According to a London dispatch received at San 
Francisco on April 1, the French bark Emilie Gal- 
line, which left the latter port on November 5, has 
reached Limerick, via Falmouth, after a very rough 
passage. She is reported to be leaking badly. 

The steamer Mandalay, bound from Crescent City, 
Or., for Monterey, Cal., while leaving the harbor on 
April 1, shifted her cargo and is now on her beam 
ends, just outside Round Rock. It is believed that 
she can be righted by throwing overboard her deck- 
load of lumber. 

Captain N. \V. Wagner and eight members of the 
crew of the schooner C. A. Klose, which was aban- 
doned ten miles off Fort Canby on March 2G, while 
bound from the Columbia River to San Francisco, 
arrived at San Pedro, Cal.,' on March 29, on the 
schooner Polaris. 

The "Id barkentine Northwest arrived at San Fran- 
cisco on April 2, from Eureka, in tow of the steam- 
schooner Charles Nelson. Built in 1868 on Puget 
Sound, the Northwest is one of the oldest wooden 
vessels on the Coast. She is owned by livxbee & 
Clark, of San Francisco. 

Captain Mickey and crew of the American halibut 
schooner Ella C, of Seattle, lost at Clayoquet, where 
she was driven ashore during a storm on March 22, 
arrived at Victoria, 15. ('., on March 30, on the way 
to Seattle, They sold the vessel as she lay on the 
beach at Clayoquet for $300. 

Captain ('. C. Hansen has been appointed master 
of the steamer Westport, vice Captain Swanson. The 
steamer arrived at San Francisco 071 March 20 from 
Westport with a seven-inch line in her wheel and 
without a cargo, the weather having been too rough 
at Westport for the crew to take in cargo. 

The old brigantine John I). Spreckels, which has 
been repairing at Boole's shipyard, in Alameda, Cal., 
came over to San Francisco on March 31 and docked 
at Mission-street wharf No. 2. She is being painted 
and fitted with masts, and will be rigged as a 

schooner when she again leaves port on a codfishing 

The Secretary of the Treasury has requested Col- 
lector of Customs Fred S. Stratton, of San Francisco, 
to ask all captains of revenue-cutters going into 
northern waters to keep a sharp lookout for the 
little Norwegian schooner Ojoa, which sailed two 
year-: ago to find the North Pole and the Northwesf 

J. F. Chlemens, formerly second-mate of the Key 
route ferryboat Verba Buena, has been appointed 
master of the steamer Argo, succeeding Captain J. 
1'".. Walvig. F. L. Kato is the new master of the 

liver steamer Onisbo, vice E. Atthowe, and N. P. 
Nelson takes command of the river steamer Pride of 
the River, vice G. IT. Goodell. 

Two overdues were erased from the board at San 
Francisco on March 2s. One was the British ship 
Eskasoni, which, according to a London cablegram, 
grounded outside the dock at Limerick, but was prob- 
ably floated at high tide. The other was the British 
steamer Canada Cape, thirty days from Barry, which 
was reported as having arrived at St. John. 

C illector of Customs Fred S. Stratton, of San Fran- 
cisco, has refused three German vessels clearance 
from thai port on complaint of Immigration Com- 
missioner llait 11. North that aliens were landed from 
them without his knowledge and contrary to law. 
The vessels in question are the steamer Luxor, the 
bark Professor Koch and the ship Magdalene. 

A marvelous expansion of Pacific trade following 
peace between Russia and Japan is predicted by 
President .1. I). Farrell, of the Great Northern Steam- 
ship Company. Farrell believes, however, that the 
Japanese are going to do their own trading here- 
after to a much larger extent than heretofore, and 
he looks for the development of Japanese manufac- 
t ares. 

The difficulties of the steamer Stanley Dollar, which 
-ailed from San Francisco without reporting her 
Chinese crew, as required by the Chinese Exclusion 
laws, have been adjusted. A United States immigra- 
tion official stationed at. Victoria went to Comox and 
arranged matters. The Chinese were found to be 
,-,11 on board. The steamer sailed on March 24 for 

Captain Henry G. Lewis, the last of the old Hud- 
son Bay ship captains, died at Victoria, B. C, on 
March 31. lie went to fort Victoria in 1847, and 
served sixteen years on Hudson Bay vessels, includ- 
ing the Beaver, the first steamer in the Pacific He 
bad charge of the Hudson Bay fur trade in Alaska 
until the acquisition of that territory by the United 

It is stated upon good authority that the Robert 
Dollar Steamship Company has received all but $10,- 
000 of the insurance on the steamer M. S. Dollar, 
recently captured by the Japanese while the vessel 
was trying to inn the blockade into Vladivostok. 
'I he M.S. Dollar was valued by her owners at about 
$200,000, and she was insured for almost, if not 
quite, that amount. 

The new tugboat Sea Lion has been launched from 
a Vancouver. P.. C, shipyard for Captain G. H. 
French and C. 10. Robson. Her cost was $56,000. 
The Sea I. ion ha- a length of 127 feet, breadth of 

22.6 feet, anil depth of 1 i.5 feet, with engines built 
in Scotland, and is to be used for general towing 
purposes on the Northern coast, under command of 
Captain A. S. French. 

The United States gunboat Petrel, which arrived 
at Honolulu, T. H„ on March 28, from Midway 

Island, via Laysan, brought the crew of the schooner 
C. Kennedy, which left Honolulu on February !) 
with supplies for the cable station on .Midway, but, 
was wrecked on the island of Laysan. The crew and 
some of fhe cargo of the Kennedy were saved, but 
the vessel is a total loss. 

The Great Northern lima- Dakota, sister-ship of 
the Minnesota, has left the New London (Conn.) 
shipyard for Xew York, and will sail from the East- 
ern metropolis for this Coast, calling at San Fran- 
cisco on her way to Puget Sound, where she is to 
enter into service for the Great Northern Steamship 
Company. Her Chinese crew, numbering several hun- 
dred men, is to be taken on board at Victoria, B. C. 

The prospects for clearing weather have encouraged 
the contractors to begin actual construction of the 
lust of the new docks for the Pacific Mail Company, 
at the foot of Second street, San Francisco. Healy, 
Tibbitts & Co. expect to have the dock finished in 
about five months, and by that time it will be possible 
to begin work on the second wharf for the Mail Com- 
pany, which will jut into the Bay from a point near 
the foot of Townsend street. The present Mail dock 
will have to be torn down to permit the construction 
of thi.s wharf. 

The new steamer Hazel Dollar, built at Glasgow, 
Scotland, for the Robert Dollar Steamship Company, 
of San Francisco, left Rotterdam on March 30 with 
a general cargo for the Pacific Coast. The Hazel 
Dollar is a fine vessel id' 7.000 tons, specially built 
to carry large cargoes of lumber from the Coasl to 
China, and she will be able to transport huge pieces 
of timber in her hold, which is devoid of stanchions. 
In all respects, it is reported, the new vessel is thor- 
oughly modern. Captain Cow, formerly of the M. S. 
Dollar, is in command. 

Two British ships were posted as overdues on 
March 31. One is the Clenburn, Captain Johnson, 

which left San Francisco on October 25 for Liver] 1. 

She carried 4.025 eases of canned fruit. 50,214 cases 
of salmon, 3,698 centals of tallow, and a quantity of 
tanbark. She has been 102 days on the voyage al- 
ready, and is listed at S per cent for reinsurance. 
The 'other overdue is the ship Moy, Captain Mahr, 
which left Calcutta for Liverpool on October 31. She 
was sighted off Demerara on February 16, but has 
not since been heard from. She starts with a rein- 
surance rate of 15 per cent. 

A whaling steamer of the old style, built of oak 
and braced to withstand the rigors of the Arctic Lee 
fields, is about to put into San Francisco, on the wax- 
to Behring Sea and the sea-, beyond Point Barrow. 
The steamer is tallied the Orion, and is under com- 
mand of Captain Colcon, an Englishman. The Orion 
was built a few months ago in Norway, and in addi- 
tion to the old-time features that have made the 

average whaler famous, is fitted up with "modern com 

forts that arc calculated to make the vessel the best 
..f her class. Her registered tonnage is 108. and she 
carries a crew of eleven men. The Orion was built 
at Christiania, Norway. 

British Columbia sealers have sent a protest to 
Ottawa regarding the unequal conditions which they 
are forced to operate nucha- in competition with the 
Japanese vessels which have invaded the seal fisheries 
of this Coast and the Behring Sea. The sealers, as 
Japan is not a party to the modus vivendi governing 

pelagic sealing in the North Pacific, can use firearms, 
and are not bound by prescribed limits, other than 
those governed by common international law or 
closed seasons. The British sealers end their season 
off the Pacific Coast at the end of April and can only 
use -pears in Behring Sea. They must also remain 
sixty miles from the rookeries. The Japanese are 
not bound by any of these restrictions. 


Andrew Petersen Wiklund. No. 742, a native of 
Sweden, aged 27, was drowned at San Pedro, Cal., on 
March 26, 1905. 

F. R. Wall, who was for many years an officer in 
the United States Navy, is now practicing marine 
law in San Francisco. He gives claims of all seafarers 
careful attention. Merchants' Exchange building, 
California street, near Montgomery; rooms 429-430. 
Phone Main 5985. 

"OLD NORTH STATE" Tobacco is the oldest in- 
dependent brand of smoking tobacco in America. It 
is union made, of course. See facsimile of package 
on page 12 of this issue. 

Bagley's Sun-Cured is now packed in pouches, and 
the fronts will be received assorted with labels from 
the foil packages, for premiums. 


Headquarters, Boston, Mass., Mar. 28, 1005. 
Shipping medium; prospects better. 

WM. H. FrazieR, Secretary. 

IV, A Lewis st. 

New York (N. Y.) Agency, Mar. 21, 1005. 
Shipping good; prospects uncertain. 

A. Gildemeister, Agent. 
51-52 South st. 


Headquarters, San Francisco, April 3, 1005. 
Regular weekly meeting was called to order at 
7:30 p. in., Ed. Andersen presiding. Secretary re- 
ported shipping good. The Committee on Steam 
Schooner Agreement reported progress. The Quar- 
terly Finance Committee was elected. 

Chris. Jortaix, Secretary pro tern. 
S. W. cor. East and Mission sts. Tel. Main 5397. 

Tacoma Agency, Mar. 27. 1905. 
No meeting; no quorum. Shipping dull; prospects 

H. L. Pettersen, Agent. 
3004 McCarver st. Tel. Red 208. 

Seattle Agency, Mar. 27, 1905. 
Shipping poor coastwise. 

P. B. Gill, Agent. 
1312 Western ave. P. O. Box 05. Tel. James 1331. 

Port Townsend Agency, Mar. 27. 1905. 
No meeting; no quorum. Shipping and general 
situation unchanged. 

Wm. Thorbeck, Agent. 
88% Quincy st. P. O. Box 48. Tel. 443. 

Aberdeen Agency, .Mar. 27, 1905. 
Shipping medium; prospects poor. 

Wm. Goiil, Agent. 
N. E. eor.-F and Heron st. P. 0. Box 334. Tel. 225. 

Portland (Or.) Agency, Mar. 27, 1905. 
Situation unchanged. 

D. W. Pall, Agent 
23 North Front st. Tel. Hood 352. 

El REKA Agency, .Mar. 2(1, 1005. 
Shipping good; prospects uncertain. 

J. W. Ericksen, Agent. 
P. O. Box 327. 

San Pedro Agency, Mar. 27, 1905. 
Shipping -lack: prospects better. 

Harry Oiilsen, Agent. 
P. O. Hon 23S0. Tel. Main 178. 

lloNoi.i 1.1 AgeN( y. Mar. 20, 1905. 
Shipping slack. 

Fred Larsen, Agent. 
P. O. Box 96. 


HEADQl ARTERS, Sax FRANCISCO, Mar. 30, 1005. 

Regular weekly meeting was called to order at 
7:30 p.m. Secretary reported shipping slightly im- 
proving. (Jus. Aristidc. No. 65, was expelled upon 
charges preferred by the San Pedro Agency. 

Lugene Steidle, Secretary. 

54 Mission st. 

Seattle Agency, Mar. 24, 1905. 
Shipping medium. 

It. Powers, Agent. 

San Pedro Agency, Mar. 24, 1905. 
Shipping and prospects good. 

( r. Lloyd, Agent. 


Headquarters, San Francisco, Mar. 31, 1005. 
Regular weekly meeting was called to order at 
8 p. m.. Ed. Andersen in the chair. Secretary re- 
ported everything amicably settled with the different 
salmon packing companies for the season of 1005. 
The Quarterly Finance Committee was elected. 

1. N. IIyi.k.x. Secretary. 
Mission st. 


Headquarters, Chicago, 111., Mar. 27, 1905, 
Genera] situation unchanged. 

V. A. OLANDEB, Secretary pro t.cni. 
123 North Desphiincs st. 

Tonawanda (N. Y.) Agency, Mar. 27. 1905. 
Situat ion improving. 

Thomas Lester, Agent. 

152 Main st. 


Headquarters, New York, N. v.. Mar. 28, 1905. 

Shipping fair: prospects good. 

II. P. Griffin, Secretary . 

1 (>li ( 'lo isfophcr st . 


Headquarters, Luskin, Mass., Mar. 21, 1905. 

Sil uat ion fa il : prospei Is bright . 

Thos. K\ ms. Secretary. 
Commercial Wharf. 


Coast Seamen's 

Published Weekly by 

Established in 1887 



One year, by mail, - $2.00 | Six months, - - - $1.00 

Single copies, 10 cents each. 

Advertising Rates on Application. 

Changes in advertisements must be in by Saturday noon 
of each week. 

To insure a prompt reply correspondents should address 
all communications of a business nature to the Business 

Entered at the San Francisco Postofflce as second-class 

Headquarters of the Sailors' Union of the Pacific, south- 
west corner East and Mission streets, San Francisco. 

Communications from seafaring readers will be pub- 
lished in the Journal provided they are of general interest, 
brief, legible, written on one side only of the paper, and 
accompanied by the writer's name and address. The 
Journal is not responsible for the expressions of cor- 
respondents, nor for the return of manuscript. 

WEDNESDAY, - - APRIL 5, 1905. 


The existing state of relations between 
shipowners and seamen on the Pacific Coasl 
suggests the wisdom of reflection by both 
parties upon the conditions of to-day and 
those which maj possibly arise in the future. 

During the past three years peace has pre- 
vailed between employer and employe in the 
shipping industry. The term- of thai peace 
may not be entirely satisfactory to all par- 
ties, and they may not work out in practice 
in just the way that was hoped. [ndeed, it 
imi-t be admitted that dissatisfaction, more 
oi- less justified, has existed on both sides; 
hut there lias also existed the saving grace 
thai neither party expected complete satis 

faction when the terms were agreed upon. 
All thai really lias heen expected during these 
years is an honest effori upon both sides to 
make the he-t of the -ituation. That much, 
it may he -aid without reservation, has heen 
fairly well realized. 

No man, shipowner or seaman, when put 

to a fair and candid expression of his views, 

will deny that the relations of the pasl three 
years have heen both honorable and profita- 
ble, as well as peaceful. Compared with the 
conditions of frequent rupture and constant 
uncertainty which prevailed during the pre- 
vious years, the conditions of the immediate 
pasl have heen almosl above criticism. No 
one having common sense enough to serve his 
besl interests rather than indulge his im- 
pulses ami prejudices can possibly wish to go 
hack to the old day- of rough and tumble, of 
doubt, division and disaster. 

The conditions here noted rest upon the 
agreements thai have heen entered into be- 
tween the respective associations of shipown- 
ers and union:- of seamen. It i- reasonable 
-nine that any marked change in respect 
to these agreements will produce a like 
change in conditions; consequently, it is well 
that we understand the real nature and signi- 
ficance of the obligations in question. First 

of all, it may he said that the agreements 
were made with a view to future, rather 
than to present advantage. Such has al- 
ways heen the position taken by the .l(i| k- 

\ai.. Regarded from the seamen's point 
of view, the agreements guaranteed little 
if anything that they might not have se- 
cured by the time-honored method of "taking 
advantage of the situation,'* without at 

tin' same time conceding anything in re- 
turn. The seamen have all along regarded 

the agreements as in the nature of an anchor 
casl to windward, as a thing that would serve 
well againsj the inevitable turn of the tide. 
Thus it was argued thai the advantages of 
the future would fully compensate for the 
handicap of the present, under which the 
seamen were estopped from taking full ad- 
vantage of the situation as it turned in their 
favor from time to time. The JoUBWAX has 
consistently advocated a strid observance of 
the term- agreed upon, and we believe the 
shipowners will admit that the seamen gener- 
erally have acted in good faith in this regard : 
nevertheless, it remains to he said that the 
agreements have been respected more for 
the promise they contain than for the ad- 
vantages so far actually derived from them. 

Regarded in the anticipatory, rather than 
in the realized aspect, it is at once apparent 
that the agreement- between shipowners ami 
seamen were entered into at a time most fa- 
vorable to the hopes by which they were in- 
spired. And just as the pasl ha- heen mosl 
favorable for making the agreements, the 
present is positively the worst time for break- 
ing them. Shipping conditions during the 
pasl three years have heen fairly stable, 30 
that the parties to the agreements have been 
able to wear the unfamiliar harness without 
any severe strain or chafe, thus becoming 
gradually "hroken," so to speak, to the 
new order of things. In all the history of 
Pacific shipping no better opportunity has 
ever offered for ;i fair test of the patience, 
business acumen and good judgment of the 
various elements involved in that great in- 
dustry. That opportunity lias heen taken 
full advantage of, and the test has proved a 
signal success. That much can not he gain- 
said by any one. 

I 'ond it ions of trade are likely to change iii 
the near future, if not to dull or hard times, 
at least to comparatively slack times. In 
other words, it would seem that we are about 
to enter upon the very conditions which the 
agreements between shipowners and seamen 
were designed to meet and provide for. Ami 
ju-t at this juncture we are informed of a 
disposition in certain quarters to discard the 
-y-tem of agreement and revert to the "good 
old rule, the ancient plan, that he shall take 
who hath the power, and he shall keep who 
can"! The idea seems too ahsurd for belief. 
To lie frank, we do not believe that that de- 
sign i- entertained by any considerable pro- 
portion, certainly not by a majority, of the 
men on either side. Th< mere suggestion is 
a reflection upon common sense. 

Presumably, those who favor abandoning 

the agreement system fee] confident of their 
ability to fighl it out on their respective lines, 
"if it takes all summer" — and winter, too. 
It shipowners ami seamen were engaged in 

war upon each other the "right-it-out" idea 

would he logical enough. Bui the shipping 

industry isn't warfare, much le>> murder or 
suicide. Shipping is business, and tin- vic- 
tory will rest with those who adopt ihe most 
businesslike methods. The maxim that 
business i- merely a matter of mutual 
confidence is as applicable to the rela- 
tions between employer ami employe as t . • 
those between two employers. Surely it is 
poor business sense to discard the instrumenl 
by which mutual confidence may he main- 
tained, and just at the moment when that 
instrument i- mosl needed ! 

We are convinced that the agreements I"- 
tween shipowners ami seamen, if renewed, 

will prove all that wa- expected of them 
when first conceived. We are convinced that 

tin' agreements, tested during a period of 
-lack times, will develop Btrength where they 
have heretofore seemed weak and give gen- 
eral satisfaction in those respects that have 
-o far heen the subject of much criticism. 
Summed up, the situation is simply this: 
Under the agreemenl system the besl judg- 
ment on each Bide will control the situation; 
under the rough-and-tumble -y-tem the most 
pugnacious element will control. Shipown- 
ers and seamen are, of course, at liberty to 
take their choice — if there can be said to be 
any choice in the circumstances. 

The San Francisco Labor Council ha.- de- 
cided to distribute 50,000 epic- of a pam- 
phlei setting forth the objects of the anti- 
Japanese agitation. The pamphlet will con- 
-i-t of aboul forty pages, containing the 

he-t articles which have appeared in the 
San Francisco Chronicle, which paper has 
given much -pace to the subject, both edi- 
torially and iii its news columns. It is 
proposed to send copies of the pamphlet to 
all labor organizations; also to enlist tin 
services of the American Federation oi Labor 

in the project in order that the entire country 
may he made acquainted with the conditions 
which have already arisen as a consequence 
of the unrestricted immigration of Japanese 
coolie-. Whatever may he the resull of the 
present agitation, it can not he said in the 
future that the trade-unionists of San .Kran- 
cisco failed to sound a timely note of warning 
of the imminent danger which confronts 
American Labor through the ever-growing in- 
vasion of the little brown men. 

Secretary of War Tail desires to establish in Ma- 
nila a nautical training school t"i young Filipinos, 
who may afterward tie engaged in the merchani 
marine. The Navy Department hopes to send the 
gunboat Ranger to .Manila fm- the purpose, and to 
turn her over to the Philippine civil Government, if 
permission can In- obtained from Congress.— Press 


In lasl week'.- issue we commented upon 

the arrival of the United States collier Aja.x 
at the Norfolk Navy Yard with a complete 
Chinese crew. The presence of Japanese 
servants on nearly i-vcvy American warship 

has also heen noted in these columns. Now 
it appears that Uncle Sam is no1 going to 

overlook the nautical training of his own 

A-iatic subjects in the far-away Philippines. 

Well, since the American hoy will not go to 

-en under existing conditions, it hecomes nec- 
essary to inspire the hoys who hail from our 
insular territory with a Longing for the 
"brave and adventurous life" mi the briny 
deep. Here'- luck to the Philippine mer- 
chant marine! 



The gist of Andrew Furuseth's legislative 
report, published in this issue, consists in its 
exposure of the method by which the bill 
in guarantee the efficient manning of passen- 
ger vessels was killed in the recent Congress. 

The JotrENAL has several times remarked 
—and the point can not be too often reiter- 
ated — that Congress, by its faihire to provide 
a standard of efficiency for seamen, has as- 
sumed the responsibility for all future loss 
■ I life caused by lack of seamanship, which, 
by the way, is the most common of all causes 
of maritime disaster. This responsibility 
has hitherto been borne by the shipowner, 
who, it may be supposed, is duly grateful for 
the relief thus afforded him! 

In extenuation of the offense of Congress, 
as a body, it is to be noted ,that the blame 
for its failure in this connection lies pri- 
marily at the door of one man, Representa- 
tive Grosvenor, of Ohio. With the latter, 
and with him alone, lay the power to call up 
the lull, and thus insure its passage, or to 
keep it on the Speaker's desk, and thus in- 
sure its death. Mr. Grosvenor chose the lat- 
ter course. The average Representative may 
plead the "rules of the House" in explanation 
of the defeat of the Seamen's Manning and 
Efficiency hill, hut Mr. Grosvenor stands 
"naked before his enemies." 

However, the proposal of the organized 
seamen was not without friends in both 
House and Senate, men of high standing 
and great influence, who championed the 
seamen's amendment because of its bearing 
upon the question of safety to the traveling 
public. Among these may be named Sena- 
tors Spooner, Mallory, Perkins and Nelson, 
and Representatives Gardiner, Palmer, Gil- 
lette (of California), Livernash and Wynn. 
Great credit is due these gentlemen for their 
untiring efforts to secure the passage of an 
effective manning law. Although defeated 
lor the present, the passage of the law in 
question is a certainty of the near future. 
With all its faults Congress can not be 
charged with deliberate connivance in a 
scheme to submit the tens of thousands of 
passengers who travel by water to an ever- 
present danger of the fate that befell the 
Slocum victims. Such a thing isn't human- 
ly conceivable. We are fully convinced 
that when Congress has had time to read 
(he law just passed by it and to note its 
glaring defects, that body will hasten to make 
full amends. 

Help the white cigarmakers in their strug- 
gle against Chinese and tenement house labor 
by demanding the blue label of the Cigar- 
makers' [International Union! It's printed 
in blue on (he box. 

There is no panacea for the "labor ipies- 
t inn," hut the union hi lie I comes as near filling 
the hill as anything we know of. Demand 
thai device upon all purchases! 

Observe (In- Retail Clerks' early-closing 
rule by doing your shopping before ('» p. m. 
on weekdays ami 1<> p. m. mi Saturdays and 
the evenings preceding holidays ! 

FvirtisetH's Report on Bills. 

(Continued from Page 2.) 

For fair products of all kinds, read the 
-lot is.nai/s ad columns. 

the bill be amended by inserting the following pro- 
viso after the word "watchmen:" 

"Provided, that at least seventy-five per cent of 
the navigating crew, exclusive of licensed officers, 
shall be individually effective hands, that is, of a 
rating not less than able seaman, and no one shall 
be signed as an able seaman unless he shall be nine- 
teen or more years of age and shall have served at 
least three years on deck at sea, at least one of 
which to have been on a sailing or fishing vessel." 

Mr. Littlefield, of Maine, and Mr. Minor, of Wis- 
consin, especially informed me that they did not favor 
any such qualifications. Mr. Stevens, of Minnesota, 
and Mr. Birdsall, of Iowa, stated that they would 
favor such a qualification, but they would not under- 
take to urge it in opposition to the desire of ihe 
chairman of the committee. The bill was ordered 
reported out of the committee without the amend- 
ment: and I then caused to be printed, together with 
a letter to the members of the House, the same brief 
that had previously been submitted to the Secretary 
of Commerce and Labor. 

A few days after the report of the bill to the 
House, Mr. Grosvenor, of Ohio, the Chairman of the 
Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, asked 
unanimous consent for the consideration of bills deal- 
ing with the Steamship Inspection Service, desired 
to remedy past conditions which had contributed 
to the disaster In the steamer General Slocum, in 
New York Harbor, during the year. Consent was 
granted and the bills were taken up. When it reached 
lsiaT. Representative Wynn, of California', objected 
to the bill and it was laid aside temporarily. Mr. 
Livernash, who was just out of the House, came in, 
and it was arranged that the objections should be 
withdrawn, provided that Mr. Livernash should have 
opportunity to introduce an amendment and be given 
ten minutes in which to explain the same to the 
House. The bill was then again taken up, the amend- 
ment already quoted was introduced, the House di- 
vided upon the same, forty-odd votes in favor, eighty- 
odd votes against, so the amendment was lost and the 
bill adopted. 

In regular order (lie bill went to the Senate and to 
its Committee on Commerce, and when it came up 
for consideration in that committee Senator Per- 
kins, of California, offered the same amendment that 
had been offered in the House, 'the amendment itself 
was amended by striking out the one year's service 
in sailing or fishing vessels, and was then unanimous- 
ly adopted and inserted in the bill. This was on 
Thursday; on the following Monday the committee 
met again, reconsidered its vote upon the amendment 
and by a majority vote struck the amendment out, 
Senator Mallory. of Florida, retaining the right to 
offer amendment to the bill on the floor of the Senate. 

The struggle to amend the law so as to provide 
for efficient crews was watched with considerable 
care and anxiety by the New York Central Federated 

Union and the relatives of those who had 1 n either 

burned or drowned on board of the Slocum. The 
Central Federated Union sent a representative to 
Washington urging the adoption of the Livernash- 
Perkins amendment. He was in Washington urging 
the amendment when it was adopted by the Senate 
Committee, and when the organization in New* Y'ork 
was informed that it had been stricken out again, 
they called a public meeting in the neighborhood 
from whence had come the sufferers in the Slocum 
disaster. The meeting was held and adopted resolu- 
tions strongly urging that the law be so amended 
as to give some definite standard of efficiency in 
sailors employed on board of passenger steamers or 
excursion boats. 


Shortly after the matter Mas taken up by the 
Senate and through the efforts of Senator Spooner, 
oi Wisconsin, and Senator Mallory, of Florida, the 
amendment was adopted in the following form: 

Provided, that except in cases of steamers navi- 
gating rivers exclusively, at least seventy-five per 

cent of the navigating crew, exclusive of licensed 
clliccrs shall 1>< individually : III. ct ive hands that is, 
of a rating not less than able seaman, and no one 
shall lie signed as an able seaman unless he shall 
be nineteen or more years of ace and shall have 
served at least three years on deck at sea or on the 
Great Lakes. 

Thus amended, Hill L8197 came back to the Mouse 
three days prior to the adjournment of Congress, 

along with several other bills on the same subject. 

Mr. Grosvenor took up the rest of the hills, concurred 

in Ihe amendments made thereto by the Senate, 'ad 

left II. I!. 1 K 1 07 on the Speaker's table. Arrange 

ments were made between those friendly to the 
amendment that when the bill was taken oil' the 

table a motion would be made to concur in the 
Senate amendment, and Representatives Gillette and 
Livernash, of California, and H. W. Palmer, of Penn- 
sylvania, stayed in the House constantly with this 
purpose in view. After a while it appeared certain 
that if the House could get to act on the bill it would 
concur in the Senate amendment, and every effort 
was made to induce Mr. Grosvenor to call the bill 
up. Amongst others who appealed to him were rep- 
resentatives of the United Mine Workers of America 
•and the President of the American Federation of 
Labor, who addressed letters and telegrams to him 
urging that the bill be taken up and the Senate 
amendment concurred in; but Mr. Grosvenor, of 
Ohio, and Mr. Minor, of Wisconsin, were determined 
to defeat the amendment, even if they would thereby 
defeat the bill. 

The fifty-eighth Congress adjourned and H. R. 
1X1(17, the bill which, if enacted as amended in the 
Senate, would have given a fair chance to passengers 
in case of disaster at sea, died on the Speaker's 
table, killed by Mr. Grosvenor, of Ohio, who refused 
to call it up. because he knew that if taken off the 
table and submitted to the House, it would have 
been concurred in by the House as it had been amend- 
ed by the Senate. When the great disaster befell the 
General Slocum and the President appointed a com- 
mission to inquire, there was no one acquainted with 
the sea who did not know that the main cause was 
in the inefficiency of the crew. As was expected, the 
commission so reported, and in doing so used the 
following language: 

The inefficiency and poor quality of the deck crew 
of this vessel, doubtless typical of the majority of 
ciews of excursion steamers, is one of the essential 
facts which caused the loss of so many lives. 

Under the law, as it was when the Slocum was 
burned, the owner was responsible for the crew; the 
law read that : 

No steamer carrying passengers shall depart from 
any port unless she shall have in her service a full 
complement of licensed officers and a full crew, suf- 
ficient, at all times to manage the vessel, including 
a proper number of watchmen. — Statute enacted 

In 1893 it was enacted, that if a vessel was "in 
all respects seaworthy and properly manned," the 
liability of the owner would be limited to the freight 
money pending and the proceeds from the sale of 
wreck. With the liability thus limited and being 
insured, the risk of the owner was insignificant, and he 
has, in too many cases, been willing to risk the lives 
of others to save a few dollars that an individually 
effective crew would have cost him. 

The owners were willing to amend this law by in- 
serting the words "well disciplined and qualified;" 
but the practical effect of such amendment would be 
to leave things as they are, and for this reason, and 
to give proper protection to passengers, the Senate 
amended the bill by adopting as a proviso the fol- 
lowing : 

Provided, that, except in the case of steamers 
navigating rivers exclusively, at least seventy-five 
pei cent of the navigating crew, exclusive of li- 
censed officers, shall be individually effective hands 
— that is, of a rating not less than able seaman; 
and no one shall be signed as able seaman unless 
he shall be nineteen or more years of age and shall 
have served at least three years on deck at sea or 
on the Great Lakes. 

This amendment provides a standard by which 
efficiency is to be measured and arms the Inspector 
in such a way that the owners can not get away, 
and is the Only really effective change in the old 
statute. That the owners, wdio have misused their 
power and have gambled with human life, should ob- 
ject, was perfectly natural ; hut that men charged 
with responsibility for the safety of the traveling 
public should, after such a lesson as that furnished 
by the Slocum disaster, permit themselves to be 
so influenced by these financial interests, is rather 
surprising, and. when Mr. Grosvenor takes the re- 
sponsibility of killing this bill by preventing the 
Mouse of Representatives from even considering it, 
he certainly becomes morally responsible for lives 
lost through inefficiently manned vessels in the fu- 
ture. He could have been recognized by the Speaker 
at any time to call the bill, and, under the usage 
of the House, he was the only one who could. 

The claim made by the owners, if there be any 
merit in it, amounts to this, that they (the owners) 
have used their power so that there is now no sea- 
men left in the country. About fifteen per cent of 
Ihe men going to sea on deck are sailing in passenger 
steamers, and, the owners did indeed manage badly, 
if even that small number is not, obtainable. If 
is, however, not as bad as that. The men are here 
in numbers at least foul times Of that needed; but, 
the day may come, when the owners' statement may 
be perfectly true. As if now stands, the owners are 
simply advertising the fad, that, they are employing, 
in vessels carrying passengers, men who are below 
the low standard insisted upon in this amendment. 
Mr. Grosvenor claimed that the Department was op- 
posed, that the President was opposed, and finally, 
that Senator Spooner, who was the main factor in 
forcing it through the Senate, had changed his mind 
and wanted the hill defeated. Neither of these state- 
ment^ had any foundation in fact. lint for the mo- 
ment they served their purpose, which was to kill 
the bill in the interest of a few shipowners. 
Respectfully submitted, 

A. l-'UlitlSIOTII, 
Chairman, Legislative Committee, Intranational 
Seamen's Union of America. 

Van Francisco, Cal., April •'!, 1905. 


• • • **e*s>«xexe>«*s>3>$><3xsx®><sxsx^^ - - 

Election of Officers. 

The following officers have been elected by 
the Lake Seamen's Union, for 11)05: 
i reneral Secretary, Wm. Penje. 

Genera] Treasurer, Tims. A. Hanson. 
Milwaukee Agent, Alfred Pearce. 

Toledo Agent, Andrew Baganey. 
Cleveland Agent, Wm. Shaw. 
Ashtabula Agent, F. Benson. 
Tonawanda Agent, Thos. Lester. 
Buffalo Agent, George Hansen. 

The following officers have been elected by 
the Marine Cooks and Stewards' Union of 
the Great Lakes, for L905: 

General Secretary, P. II. Walker. 

Genera] Treasurer, E. E. Turner. 

( 'leveland Agent, J. M . Seacord. 

Ashtabula Agent, David English. 

( !hicago Agent, L. Little. 

'.Milwaukee Agent, John Eagan. 

OutlooK for the Season. 

Never before in the whole history of the 
Lake marine has the season of navigation 
opened with a more auspicious outlook than 
that of this year. 

All former records probably will be brok- 
en, there will he a greater output from the 
ore mine-, a greater amount of tonnage han- 
dled, and a large number of new 10,000-ton 
freighters that will appear upon the scene 
will probably cause something akin to a rcv- 
olul ion in the whole industry. 

Last year the Steel Corporation, which is 
known on the Lake- as the Pittsburg Steam- 
ship Company, opened the season with only 
about i', OIK), (Kin ton- of ore under charter to 
outside vessel capacity. This year it ha- al- 
ready placed nearly 6,000,000 tons under 
charti r, and to maintain its customary pro- 
portion of the total movement, it will have 
to charter still about 2,500,000 tons. 

The season chartering done by other vessel 

interests also ha- greatly exceeded that of 

former years, and practically 12,000,000 tons 
of ore is under charter at the present time. 
All chartering has been done upon the basis 
of seventy-five cents from ports at the head 
of Lake Superior, seventy cents from Mar- 
quette ami sixty cent- from K-canaba. 

This, upon a tnovemenl of 30,000,000 tons, 
which vesselmen now consider almost the 
minimum, means added gross earnings on 
behalf of the vessels of over $1,500,000 over 
an equivalent movement of last year. 

During the past two years a change has 
been brought about in the chartering busi- 

UeSS on the Lake-, and il now seems that the 

interests of both sides, meaning vesselmen 
and shippers, are tending toward the char- 
tering of tonnage for the season. During the 
la-t two years the wild rates and the one- set 
by contract have been almost an approxima- 
tion, and as the ore shipper- are covering 

their requirements very fully by contract, 

the wild rate h robbed of any speculative 


It is considered a safe prediction to make 

that when the season chartering has been 

completed upward of 1(1, 000, 000 tons of ore 
will be tied up by season contracts. Also, 
that the total movement for the season will 
be upward of 30,000,000 tons, thus making 
an increase of T,500,000 tons over the banner 
year of 1002. 

A majority of the ore contracts that have 
been made are scheduled to run up to Novem- 
ber 20 and the owners will have all they wish 
to contend with to complete their contracted 
movement by that time. At any rate, the 
boats under contract will certainly be kept 
very busy until then. 

Contracts for Steamers. 

The American Shipbuilding Company has 

(dosed contracts for two monster freighters 
l<> co-i $840,000 for delivery at the opening 
id' navigat ion in 1 906. 

The general dimensions of the boats, which 
will have a carrying capacity of 10,000 tons 
each, will be the same as the steamer Amasa 
Stone, which is building at the Wyandotte 
yard of the American Shipbuilding Company 
for Pickands, Mather & ( !o. 

The steamers will be 545 feet over all, 525 
feet keel, .">."> feet beam and 3] feet deep. 

They will have triple expansion engines with 
cylinders 2BV2, 38 and 63 inches with 1l>- 
ineh stroke. Each of the steamers will have 
two Scott boilers 14 'o in diameter and IIV2 
feel Long to be allowed 180 pounds pressure. 
The new boats will be of the arch girder 
construction and will have straight hoppers. 
They will have sixteen hatches spaced twen- 
ty-four-foot centers. The hatches will he 
twelve feet wide in fore and aft direction. 

The steamers will cost $425,000 each. 

This order makes four big freight steamers 
that the American Shipbuilding Company 

ha- under contract for next year's delivery. 
One of the steamer- will be a '.1, 000-ton -hip 
and the other three will have a carrying ca- 
pacity of 111,000 tolls. The four vessels will 
co-t upward of $1,500,000. 

In addition to the orders that have been 

placed recently. Captain Mitchell and Cap- 
tain Hutchinson each have a 9,000-ton -team 
er under construction to come out this year. 
The steamer Stephen M. Clement is building 
at Lorain for Captain Mitchell, and the 
Hutchinson boat will be named William A. 

A Double Launching. 

Two steamers, together measuring one-fifth 
of a mile, were launched in Detroit, Mich., 
on March 25. They are the Amasa Stone, 
building at the Wyandotte yards of the 
American Shipbuilding Company, and the 
.lames I-]. Davidson, being constructed at the 
Ecorse plant of the Great Lakes Engineering 

Loth vessels are of the 10, 000-ton class and 
are the Largest ever constructed by Detroit 
concerns. The Stone was ordered by Pick- 
ands, .Mather & Co., of Cleveland, O., and is 

545 feet over all. The Davidson is .">;.' 4 feet 
in length over all, and belongs to G. A. Tom- 

linson, of Duluth. 

Marine Notes. 

The steamer City of Naples i- being re- 
paired at Sandusky, O. 

The steamer Linden is undergoing a gen- 
eral overhauling at Sandusky, 0. 

The Milwaukee Life-Saving Station re- 
sinned work for the season on the first of 
the month. 

The I'. S. S. Co.'s steamers Maricopa. 
Maruba and Zenith City recently loaded coal 
at ( 'onneaut. 

The Pen- Marquette and Bessemer \'o. i 
is fitting out at ('onneaut and will go into 
commission at once. 

Captain Charles W. Tibbetts, of the Cray 
hani and Morton line, is dead at his home in 
Benton Harbor. He was fifty-five years of 

The barge Crete, at Sandusky, <)., was re- 
cently found to be badly Leaking. When dis- 
covered there were four feel of water in her 


The transmission of storm warnings by the 
Weather Bureau to the various islands of the 
Upper Lakes will this coming season be a 
source of great aid to mariners. 

Continued warm weather is putting the 
ice out of business. Lake ice is running in 

Detroit River. Navigation will open about 
April 10, and a long season is before us. 

The little steamer Desmond, of tic Kelley 

l-land Lime and Transport Company's fleet, 

was sold to Detroit parties recently by C. P. 

Gilchrist & Co. The price was not given out. 

The Buffalo Dredging Company ha- the 

contract for the deepening of the river chan- 
nel, and when the work is finished the deepest 
drafl vessels on the Lake will move up 

-t ream. 

A party of ten members of the May City 

Hoard of Commerce met at Detroit recently 
to open negotiations for the establishment of 
a steamboat line between Detroit and Bay 
City, stopping at intermediate ports. 

During the coming summer Beaver Island, 
the largest island in Lake Michigan, will be 

connected to the mainland by a telephone 
cable to be laid by the Government. Congress 
has appropriated $35,000 for the work. 

The Car Kerry No. L6 left Conneaul on 
March 25 with a full union crew, en route 
lor Point Stanley. At present writing she 
has not been sighted*from Point Stanley and 

is certainly in the ice somewhere in the Lake. 
Business Agenl McCune, of the Structural 
Iron Workers, visited Conneaut Harbor re- 
cently. He was much surprised to find mem- 
bers of the International Longshoremen's 

Association doing "structural iron work" at 

that place. 

The tug Reliable, owned by Captain John 

S. Quinn, of Detroit, has been sold at sheriff's 
sale in Windsor to the Silverman & Quinn 
Wrecking Company for $525. lr is said the 
price obtained does not cover the claims 
against the boat. 

The writer would be glad to receive news 
item- from any of the comrades, especially 
those of interest to seamen on the Lake-. 


All communications should be addressed to 
Lake Seamen's Union, 092 Day Street (Jes- 
ter Station), Conneaut Harbor, Ohio. 

The hulk of the lumber schooner Massa- 
soit, which has been hanging on the side of 
the inlet pier, at Buffalo, N. Y., broke in two 
recently, and one part, the stern, was swept 
down the river. It was visible for a time 
on the surface, but sank fair in the channel 
somewhere below Eerry Street. 

The Craig Shipbuilding Company, of To- 
ledo, O., has closed a contract with L. S. 
Sullivan, who represents a syndicate of To- 
ledo capitalists, and is to be general manager 
of the Toledo Steamship Company, of Tole- 
do, now being incorporated for a 500-foot 
steel freighter to cost $335,000. The steamer 
is the forerunner of a line of large steamers 
to be constructed for the new company. 

The Conneaut Sub-Agency was opened 
on March 23, at the request of the Conneaut 
members of the Lake Seamen's Union. The 
members of the International Longshore- 
men's Association dock workers have been 
employed on board vessels all winter, to tin' 
exclusion of members of tlie Lake Seamen's 
Union. Twenty-four hours after the office 
opened the Conneaut agent bad every sailor 
in town at work. 

Big improvements will be made in Buffalo 
River, "round the Horn," which is the chan- 
nel from the Ohio Street swing bridge down 
to and including the property of the Buffalo 
Union Furnace. The great growth of busi- 
ness of that concern and its consequent heavy 
demand for ore has been one of the necessary 
causes of the improvement. The business of 
the furnace company has increased to such 
an extent that a new dock, more than 500 
feet long, is being built and a large storage 
shed is being constructed. 

The Dominion Government has almost ef- 
fected the purchase of the steamer Manitou 
from the United States and Dominion Trans- 
portation Company. The Manitou will suc- 
ceed the Dominion Government survey 
steamer Bayfield, which will be sent to the 
Atlantic Coast to join the Halifax fleet. The 
price asked by the company is $35,000. The 
Manitou is a wooden steamer, built two years 
ago, and possesses many qualifications which 
will fit her for Government survey work. In 
all probability the Manitou will be replaced 
on the Owen Sound-Saulte Ste. Marie route 
by the United States and Dominion Trans- 
portal ion Company's steamer Soo City, which 
has been [dying in American waters. 

The Pledge You TooK. 

"I will look upon every member as my 

"I will be true to this Union until death. 

"I will work for its interests." 

Comrades, stop and think. Are you doing 
as you so solemnly promised ? Do you place 
the welfare of your organization above all 
else? I am talking to you. Your answer 
none can know ; but I, in my heart know the 
answer of every true sailor — Yes. Do you 
remember the old song, "Strike up the band, 
here comes a sailor." The man who wrote 
that song must have been a sailor at one time, 
or have studied Jack pretty well — big-heart- 
ed, noble, generous to a fault. He knew that 

Jack would be easily separated from bis 
money; a pat on the back, a fellowship hail, 
and Jack is "all in." You know it, and I 
know it. I have seen them at union meet- 
ings, quarreling and bickering among them- 
selves. Someone gets up and moves for a 
donation to some brothers in need of assist- 
ance, and immediately all is harmony. Woe 
betide the cool-headed officer who opposes. 

W. H. J. 
Cleveland, O. 

We Don't Patronize. 


Anderson, Arthur 
Banard, L. 
Fairbanks, H. A. 
Halloren, Michael 
Jacobs, Jas. J. 
Lewis, Levi 
Mayer, Wm. J. 

Anderson, Jno. 
Burk, Ed. 
Hansen, Jno. 
Harmer, Eddy 
Jantzen, Walter 
Jorgensen, Hans 


Morrison. Niel 
Peterson, Chas. 
Smith, Frank 
Smith. H. W. 
Smith, Louie 
Toneth, Nicholas 
Zastroro, August 
Murphy, Jas. 
Reid, Jas. 
Schultz, Wm. Geo. 
Stephenson, Mat. 
Swanson, Emil 
Wiese, Sam'l 


Anderson, Fred 
Bross, Jno. G. 
Chio, B. N. 
Carter, E. 
Cooley, Albert 
Cooper, Wm. 
Coolahan, E. 
Downs, Chas. E. 
Emanuelson, Karl 
Gleason, Robt. 
Hudson, Jno. 
Higgins, Mr. 
Jacobson. H. 
Johnson, Mr. 
Johnson, M. 
Johnson. Gustav 
Larsen, R. 


Leonard, Larry 
Leonard, L. S. 
Miller, Jno. 
McNamara, B. 
Newton, T. W. 
Nortman, S. 
Orth. H. 
Olson, Fred 
Pitts, M. J. A. 
Rasmussen, Jno. 
Spicer, Geo. . 
Salmu, S. 
Sanderson, Jno. 
Sellem, H. 
Vasbinder, M. 
Wilkinson, Alfred 
Yeager, E. J. 


Anderson, A. J. 
Appleby. Wm. Jno. 
Barron, Fred 
Brassard, Edw. 
Call. Chas. 
Craig, Edw. 
Cameron, W. J. 
Currie, Jno. 
Clarke, J. E. 
Colbert, Michael 
Corrigan, Jno. 
Cinnil, Jas. 
Duggan, Martin 
Droulard, Ray 
Deardorff, Henry 
Erber, Henry 
Faken, Henry 
Fauk, H. 
Gunna, Fred 
Grover, Geo. 
Green, Wm. 
Green, Dan 
Glipberg, Andy 
Griffith, Ed. 
Hanson. Severin 
Heldt, A. W. 
Hult, S. N. 
Hannah, Patrick 
Hubbard. Geo. C. 
Inglas. Robt. 
Johnson, Elias 


Johnson. C. O. 
Judson, W. S. 
Konig, F. 
Kocinski, T. 
Livingstone, W. 
Murphy, W. J. 
Murphy, Jno. 
Morgan, Chas. J. 
Matt, Fred. 
McDonald, G. A. 
McDonald, Wm. J. 
Mcintosh, Thos. 
McMahon, Jas. 
McGaughey, E. D. 
Nilson, Wilhelm D. 
Nitz. Gusy 
Nelson, C. 
Peterson, Arthur 
Quirk, Arden Hen. J. 
Robinson, Frank B. 
Racine, Eddie 
Racine. E. W. 
Stone, Frank 
Starr, Jno. 
Starr, Martin Jno. 
Smith. Chas. 
Saar, H. 
Tyler, Victor 
Tackman, Theo. 
Tracy, Richard D. 
Vroemen. Victor 




(Lakes District International Seamen's 

Union of America) 

121 and 123 North Desplaines Street, Chicago, 111. 

Telephone 1321 Monroe 


MILWAUKEE, WIS 133 Clinton Street 

Telephone 240 South 

BUFFALO, N. Y 55 Main Street 

Telephone 936 R. Seneca 

ASHTABULA HARBOR. 87 Bridge Street 

Telephone 552 

CLEVELAND, 171 East River Street 

Telephone Bell Main 1295 

TOLEDO. 719 Summit Street 

Telephone Black 6981 

NORTH TONA WANDA, N. Y 152 Main Street 

Telephone Bell 2762 

DETROIT, MICH 7 Woodbridge Street, East 

Telephone 3724 

ASHLAND, WIS 515 East Second Street 

Ashland Phone 1563 

SI'IERIOR, WIS 1721 North Third Street 

Telephone Peoples 4615 

BAY CITY. MICH 919 North Water Street 

OGDENSBURG, N. Y 94 Hamilton Street 


MANITOWOC, WIS 809 South Eighth Street 

ERIE, PA 107 Third Street 

Telephone Bell 599 F 

CONNEAUT HARBOR, 992 Day Street 

SANDUSKY. 1107 Adams Street 

PORT HURON, MICH 931 Military Street 



Ashtabula Harbor, O. 
Buffalo, N. Y. 

Dulutli, Minn. 
Erie. Pa. 
Escanaba, Mich. 
Grand I laven, Mich. 
Green Bay, Wis. 
Houghton. Mich. 
Ludington, Mich. 
Manistel, Mich. 


Manitowoc. Wis. 
Marquette, Mich. 
Milwaukee, Wis. 
Saginaw. Mich. 
Sandusky. O. 
S.i ii ii Ste. Marie. Midi. 
Sheho.\ s:m, Mich. 
Sturgeon Bay, Wis. 
Superior, Wis. 
Toledo, O. 


Bread — McKinney Bread Company, St. Louis, Mo; 
National Biscuit Company. Chicago. 111. 

Cigars — Carl Upman, of New York City; Kerbs, 
Werthcim & Schiffer. of New York City; The 
Henry George and Tom Moore. 

Flour — Washburn, Crosby Milling Company. Min- 
neapolis. Minn.; Kelley Milling Company, Kansas 
City, Mo.; Ballard .V- Ballard. Louisville, Ky. 

Groceries— James Butler, New York City. 

Meats — Kingan Packing Company, of Indianapolis, 

Pipes — Wm. Demuth & Co.. New York. 

Tobacco — American and Continental Tobacco Com- 


Buttons — Davenport Pearl Button Company, Daven- 
port, Iowa; Krementz & Co., Newark, N. J. 

Clothing — N. Snellenberg & Co.. Philadelphia. Pa.; 
Clothiers' Exchange, Rochester. N. Y. ; Straw- 
bridge & Clothier, Philadelphia, Pa.; Bl, inner 
Bros., New York. 

Corsets — Chicago Corset Company. 

Hats — J. B. Stetson Company, Philadelphia, Pa.; 
E. M. Knox Company, Brooklyn, N. Y. 

shirts and Collars — United Shirt and Collar Com- 
pany, Troy, N. Y. ; Van Zandt, Jacobs & Co., Troy, 
N. Y. ; Cluett, Peabody & Co., Troy, N. Y.; James 
R. Kaiser, New York City. 

Shoes — Harney Bros., Lynn. Mass. 

Suspenders — Russell Manufacturing Company, Mid- 
dletown. Conn. 

Textile — Merrimac Manufacturing Company (print- 
ed goods), Lowell, Mass. 

Underwear — Oneita Knitting Mills. Utica. N. Y. 

Woolens — Hartford Carpet Company. Thompson- 
ville, Conn.; J. Capps & Son, Jacksonville. 111. 



Bookbinders — Geo. M. Hill Co., Chicago, 111. 
rum & Pease Company. Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Newspapers — Philadelphia Democrat, Philadelphia. 
Pa.; Hudson, Kimberly & Co.. printers, of Kansas 
City, Mo.; W. B. Co'nkey Company, publishers, 
Hammond. Ind.; Gazette. Terre Haute, Ind.; 
Times, Los Angeles, Cal. 

Pottery and Briek — J. B. Owens Pottery Company, 
of Zanesville, Ohio; Northwestern Terra Cotta 
Company, of Chicago, 111.; C. W. Stine Pottery 
Company, White Cottage, Ohio; Harbison- Walker 
Refractory Company, Pittsburg. Pa. 


Carriage and Wasron Builders — S. R. Bailey & Co., 
Amesbury, Mass.; Hassett & Hodge, Amesbury, 
Mass.; Carr, Prescott & Co., Amesbury, Mass. 

Genera] Hardware — Landers, Frary & Clark. Aetna 
Company, New Britain, Conn.; Iver Johnson Arms 
Company, Fitchburg, Mass.; Kelsey Furnace Com- 
pany. Syracuse. N. Y.; Brown & Sharpe Tool Com- 
pany, Providence. R. I.; John Russell Cutlery 
Company. Turner's Falls. Mass.; Atlas Tack Com- 
pany, Fairhaven. Mass.; Hohmann & Mauer Manu- 
facturing Company. Rochester. N. Y. ; Henry Diss- 
ton .v Co.. Philadelphia, Pa.; American Hardware 
Company (Russell & Erwin Company anil P. te 
F. Corbin Company), New Britain, Conn.; Merritt 
& Co., Philadelphia, Pa. 

Iron and Steel — Illinois Iron and Bolt Company. 
Company, of Carpentersville, 111.; Carborundum 
Company. Niagara Falls, N. Y.; Casey & Hedges, 
Chattanooga. Tenn.; Gurney Foundry Company, 
Toronto, Ont.; Sattley Manufacturing Company. 
Springfield, Ohio; Page Needle Company, Frank- 
lin, N. H. ; American Circular Loom Company, New 
Orange, N. J.; Payne Engine Company. Elmira. 
N. Y.; Lincoln Iron Works (F. R. Patch Manu- 
facturing Company), Rutland, Vt.; Art Metal 
Construction Company, Jamestown. N. Y. ; Erie 
City Iron Works, Brie, Pa.; David Maydole Ham- 
mer Company, Norwich. N. Y.; Singer Sewing 
Machine Company, Elizabeth. N. J.; National Ele- 
vator and Machine Company. Honesdale. Pa. 
Iron, Architectural — Geo-. L. Meskir, Evansville, 

Stoves — Germer Stove Company. Erie. Pa.; "Radiant 
Home" Stoves, Ranges and Hot Air Blast, Erie, 

Terre Haute, Ind. — Street Railway Company. 
Houston, Tex. — Houston Electric Company. 



Bags — Gulf Bag Company, New Orleans. La. 
Lemis Bros., St. Louis, Mo. 

Baskets — Williams Manufacturing Company, North- 
ampton, Mass. 

Brooms and Dusters — The Lee Broom and Duster 
Company, of Davenport. Iowa; M. Goeller's Sons, 
Circleville. Ohio. 

Carriages — Crane, Breed & Co.. Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Cooperage — Northwestern Cooperage and Lumber 
Company (otherwise known as the Buckeye Stave 
Company), of Ohio. Michigan and Wisconsin; 
Elgin Butter Tub Company, Elgin, 111.; Williams 
Cooperage Company and Palmer Manufacturing 
Company, of Poplar Bluff. Mo. 

China — Wick China Company. Kitlanning, Pa. 

Furniture — American Billiard Table Company, Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio; Brumby Chair Company. Marietta, 
Ga.; O. Wisner Piano Company, Brooklyn. N. Y., 
Krell Piano Company. Cincinnati. Ohio; N. 
Drucker & Co.. Cincinnati. Ohio, trunks; St. Johns 
Table Con-many, St. Johns, Mich.; Grand Rapids 
Furniture Manufacturing Association, Grand 
Rapids, Mich. ^ r 

Gold l.eaf — W. H. Kemp Company, New York. N. Y.; 
Andrew Reeves. Chicago, 111.; George Reeves, 
Cape May, N. J.; Hastings Company. Philadel- 
phia, Pa.; Henry Ayers, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Lumber — Trinity County Lumber Company, Grove- 
ton, Texas; Reinle Bros. >v- Solomon, Baltimore, 
Md.; Himmelberger Harrison Lumber Company. 
Morehouse. Mo.; Union Lumber Company, Fori 
Bragg, Cal. . . _ , , „ 

Lent her — Kullman. Salz & Co.. Benin,.. < al.; A. B. 
Patrick & Co.. San Francisco, Cal.; Columbus Bug- 
gy and Harness Company, Columbus. Ohio. 

Rubber— Kokomo Rubber Company. Knkomo, Ind.; 
B F. Goodrich Rubber Company, Akron, Ohio; 
Diamond Rubber Company, Akron, Ohio. 
{•ens — L. E. Waterman & Co., New York City. 
Taper Boxes — E. N. Rowell & Co.. Ratavia, N. \.\ 

J. N. Roberts & Co.. Metropolis. 111. 
Paper— Remington-Martin Paper Company. Nortolk. 

N Y 
Typewriters — Underwood Typewriter Company, 

1 Carl Cord, Conn. 
Watches— Keystone Watch Case Company, i nil 

nhia Pa ; Crescent Courvoiseer Wilcox Company, 
Jos. Fahy, Brooklyn Watch Case Company. Sag 
I l.nbor. 


\dvertislng Novelties— Novelty Advertising Com- 

nanv, Coshocton, Ohio. _ 

Railways — Atchison, Topeka and Santa H R.ul- 

relegrnphy — W estern Union Telegraph Compan 
I) M Parry, Indianapolis, [nd. m 

Wcllman. Osborne & Co., Lynn. Mass.; Thomas Tay- 
lor & Son. Hudson, Mass. 



On the Atlantic Coast. 

(Continued from page 3.) 


New York State Senator Mark's bill to 
make excursion steamers fire and oollision- 
prooi has been passed by the Senate. 

A hill making it a misdemeanor to bribe 
a servant or agenl in respecl to his master's 
business has been passed by the Xew York 

Ar hist the manufacturers of scrap-iron 
life-preservers are to be tried on the charge 
of conspiracy againsl the United States Gov- 
ernment. The trial has been sel for April 
:;, and will be held in the United States Dis- 
trict ( lourt, at Trenton. X. J. 

Efforts are being made by Slocum surviv- 
ors and their relative- to raise the sum of 
$16,000, with which to ereel a suitable monu- 
ment over the graves of the sixty-one uni- 
dentified victims of the disaster. The plan is 
to have the monumenl in place and ready for 
dedication on June L5, the firsl anniversary 
of the Slocum holocaust. 

After a five-months' strike the Xew York 
Cloth Hat ami Cap Makers' Union has gain- 
ed practically every poinl contended for. [i 
was <me of tlif besl strikes ever wa^ed, only 
twelve members, ou1 of a total of L,800, 
breaking ranks, despite the fad that 85 per 
cent of them were foreign-born citizens, with 
only a limited knowledge of the English lan- 

The Corrupl Practices bill introduced in 
the Xew York Legislature by Senator Brack- 
ett, has been favorably reported by the joint 
Committee on Judiciary. As amended the 
bill limits all proper campaign expenditures 
to the cos1 of meetings, publications and 
organization work. When there is a suspi- 
cion thai money has been wrongfully used 
an investigation must be made by the (yjurts, 
and if the candidate accused is found guiltj 
all votes cast for him shall be declared void. 

The "Bluenose" barkentine Enterprise ar- 
rived in Stamford, Conn., on March 19, from 
Buenos Ayres, with the crew telling a regu- 
lar old fashioned, "Red Record" tal< of bru- 
tality and buckoism. To complete the like- 
ness there are the - ; 1 1 1 1 < ■ old -fashioned denials 

by the officers. The mate declares the men 
have not been ill treated, and charges them 
with incompetency, etc. The master Bays 
he has no knowledge of any ill-treatment, 
and that no complaints of such were ever 
made to him by the crew. Formal complaint 
against the mate has been entered with the 
authorities by the crew. 

The students of several Brooklyn colleges 
and high schools, all sons of wealthy and 

well-to-do parents, have volunteered their 

services to the Brooklyn Eagle to help break 
the boycott against that publication by the 

news-deliverer-, new- -dealer- and newsboys. 
(d up like fashion plates, these young- 
sters may be .-ecu on the streets, escorted by 
police, selling the Eagle. Several clashes 
have occurred between them and the union 
boys, in which the students generally 
gol the wor-t of it. In one battle thirty-four 
new-hoy- were captured and run in by the 

police, 1 nit all had their tines paid by sym- 
pathizers. The circulation of the Eagle has 

dropped from 32,000 a day to 12,000, and 
most of the larger advertisers have withdrawn 
their patronage from the paper. 

Fag' Ends. 

To be natural is to be wise. 

W ork for 1 tired Legislat ion ! 

Advice lightly given deserves to be lightly 

The man who profits from his mistakes 
has made a good investment. 

Money governs with the consent of General 

Apathy and his well -disciplined army. 

Golden coin and .Fashion'- magic touch 
will make the Evil One look like a saint. 

Vulgar habits spring from a vulgar mind, 

for a- the thoughl i-. si . i- the deed in kind. 

No man is any worse than he wants to 
he, hut most of us would like to he better 

than We are. 

[t's a wise man who know- a g i thing 

when he sees it; any foul can pick out the 
things that are good for nothing. 

"Ti- true, and 'tis a strange thing 'tis true, 
that a weakness which is not strong enough 
to master us is no weakness at all. 

A reformer who does not understand 

human nature does more harm to the cause 
Form than would a regimenl of sinners. 

if g I men and women would look at 

life as it i-. instead of a- they would like it 

tO he, there Wollld he fewer Ull-olved problems 
to vex their souls. 

'Ti- the measure of our civilization that 
the deeds of money-changers and epauletted 
manslaughterers are held up by press ami 

pulpit for emulation. 

'"The leopard can nor change his spots," 
nor men he better than they make 'em; and 
thus it is that tips and bribes are jn-t the 
"stuff" for those who take 'em. 

"Possession is nine point- of the law" be- 
cause men will fighl harder to retain what 
they have than they will to regain what they 
have lost, or to gain what they never had. 

i H tact that the world owe,- every man 
a living doe- tint seem To deter the world in 

if' ieast from repudiating the debt when the 
creditor hasn't gol the backing of the necee 

sary "pull" ami "push" to make good the 
collection. The world always was a faith- 
buster, anyway. 

Those estimable gentlemen who wen 
caught manufacturing -crap iron life-pre- 
servers must, by this time, have developed 
an unbounded faith in the superiority of our 
form of government over all others. Even 
in Russia their crime would not have gone 
unpunished, and in China they would proba- 
bly have been bastinadoed to death. This is 
a free country, however, where everybody 
the privilege to do everybody else, ami 
if a man i- foolish enough to allow himself 
to l»' done it's nohodv'- funeral hut his own. 

International Seamen's Union ot America, 

Affiliated with the 
« H. II. FRAZIHR, Secreturj-Trcnsur.r. 

I 1 - \ Lewis St., Boston, Mass. 



Headquarters i 

- i'n.V MASS., 1%A Lewis St. 
Brandies i 

Pi iK'i'i. \xi>. ,\tiv, .,77.\ Fore St. 

PROVIDENCE, R. [.. 464 South Main Si. 

NEW 1 IRK, X. Y.. .M 52 

NEW Sfl IRK, X. V. 68 West Si. 

I ■ " I I I ..\ I IELPHIA. PA., 129 Walnut St. 

BALTIMi on-:, .mil. •;"! East Prat 

Ni RFl U.K. VA.. 228 Water St. 

NEW BEDFORD, MASS., T South Water St. 

Ml > 1 : 1 1 - 1 : . ALA., lull '■mm,, ire St. 

NEW ORLEANS, LA., 937 Tohou] Bias St. 


Headquarters : 
BR< (OKLYN, N. v.. 16 Union St. 
Branca est 

BOSTON, MAS.-'., 284 Commercial St 
BALTIMi IRE, .Ml'.. 1800 Thames St. 
X IRFOLK, VA., corner Church and Union 3ts. 
MOBILE, ALA., 104 South Commerce St. 

:\V I IRLEANS, LA., St. 




NEW STORK, X. V. 166 Christopher St. 

Headqoartera i 

B« >STl IN, MASS., '' Wharf. 

1 1 r;l li I'll : 
GLOl ''I STER, MASS.. 1 II ', Main St 




CHICAGO, ILL., 121-il':; North Desplain 
Branches i 

MILWAUKEE, WIS.. 18 at. 

BUFFALO, X. V.. .'.a .Main St. 


CLEVELAND, O., 171 Bast River St. 

Ti iLEDi >. i >.. 719 Summit St. 

IN .KTU TONAWANDA, X. V.. 152 Main St. 

ROIT, MICH., 7 W Ibrldge St., East 

St PERK iR, WIS., 1721 North Third St. 

ASHLAND, WIS. 51G Bast S nd St. 

BAY CITY. MICH., 919 North Water St. 
I. VCINE. WIS., 923 Forest St. 
MANITOWOC, WIS., 809 South Eighth St. 
ERIE. PA.. 107 Third St. 

SANDUSKY, <).. l 107 Adams St. 
OG1 'ENSB1 la :. X. JC, 94 Hamilton St. 
HURi 'X. MICH., 931 Military St. 

<;!<!•: IT LAKES. 

\!.< >, N Y . 56 Main St. 
Branches i 
a HT, MICH., 13 Jefferson St. 
'I'i ILEDO, ' l., 1702 Summit St. 
N IRTH TONAWANDA, X. V.. 154 Main St 
■ iLDENSBURG. X. ! milton St. 

BATf CITY, MICH., 919 Water St. 


BAILORS' UNION OF I'll ■-: l'\< IKK'. 

SAN FRANCISCO. CAL., Southwest corner Bast 
and Mission Sts. 

Branches i 

TACOMA, wash.. 3004 McCarver SI 

SEATTLE, WASH.. L312 Western Ave. 

PORT ["OWN3END, WASH., sse. Qulncj St. 


Pi >RTLAND, I iR 23 North Front St 

EUREKA, CAL., P. ' I. Hon 

SAX PEDRO, CAL., P. I i. Hon 2380. 

H< INOLULU, 11. I., P. i). Bo ■ 


:-' \.\ FRANCISCO, CAL, 16 Bteuarl St 

Branch i 
SEATTLE, WASH. Colman Dock, Room 10, 




SAN FRANCISCO, CAL., 54 Mission St. 
Branches i 

SEATTLE, wash.. Colman Dock, Room 9. 
SAN PEDRl '. CAL, P, O. Box 21 


SAN FRANCISCO, CAL, 9 Mission St. 

Branches i 
SB V.TTLE, wash.. P. O. Box 12. 
ASTl IRIA, ( >R., P. a Box 138. 


SAN FItANCISCO, CAL,, 7.1 Mission St. 

II rn ii cli: 
SACRAMENT! >. CAL, 200 M St 


Can be procured by seamen at 
any of the above-mentioned places; 
also at the headquarters of the 


29 Ersklne Street. Sydney, M. s. W. 



List of Union Offices 


of San Francisco, Cal. 

Abbott, F. H., 314-316 Battery. 
Althof & Bahls, 524 Sacramento. 
Altvater Printing Co., 2593-2595 Mis- 
American Printing House, 1067 Market. 
Barnhart & Swasey, 107 New Montgom- 
Barry, James H., The Star Press, 429 

Belcher & Phillips, 508 Clay. 
Ben Franklin Press, 123 Seventh. 
Benson & Lass, 776 Brvant. 
Black Cat Press, 402 McAllister. 
Boulin-Leichner Co., 519 Filbert. 
Brown. Andrew, Printing Co., First and 

Brunt, W. N., 102-104 Second. 
Budde, H. F„ Cal. Press, 407% Turk. 
California Printing Co., 41-43 Eighth. 
Church Press, 23 Davis. 
Commercial Publishing Co., S. E. cor. 

First and Mission. 
Cook, The Morton L., Second and Minna. 
Crocker, H. S. Co., 217 Bush. 
Cubery & Co., 587 Mission. 
Daily Racing News, 21-23 First. 
Day & McClinton, 538 Sacramento. 
Drake & Baker. 850 Market. 
Eagle Printing Co., The, 344 Kearny. 
Eastman, Frank & Co., 509 Clay. 
Eastman & Mitchell, 415 Market. 
Fording & Payne, 22 Clay. 
Francis-Valentine Co., 5 Anna Place, off 

Gabriel Printing Co., 320 Sansome. 
Galloway Publishing Co., cor. Mission 

and Second. 
Gilmartin Publishing Co.. The, 19 First. 
Guedet Printing Co., 935 Market. 
Golden West Press, 527 Mission. 
Hancock Bros., 73 Third. 
Harvey, John D., 246 Sutter. 
Havden Printing Co., 417 Montgomery. 
Hicks-Judd Co., 21-23 First. 
Hiester, Wm. A., 529 California. 
Hinton Printing Co., 516 Commercial. 
Hughes, El C. & Co., 511 Sansome. 
Illinois Pacific Glass Works, 10-16 Main. 
Jalumstein Printing Co., 310 Hayes. 
Knarston Printing Co., 529 Washington. 
Lacaze, L., 519 California. 
Dafontain, J. R., 603 Merchant. 
Latham & Emanuel, 511 Sacramento. 
Leader, The, 532 Commercial. 
Leidecker, C. Co., 156 New Montgomery. 
Leilich & Colburn, City Hall Square. 
Levison Printing Co., 514 Sacramento. 
Levingston, L, 540 Clay. 
Lynch, James T., 514 Kearny. 
Lyon. W. T. & Co., 161 First. 
Majestic Press, The, 1566 Market. 
McCracken Printing Co., 509 Kearny. 
Medina Printing Co., 221 Sacramento. 
Meyerfield, Albert M.. 414 Pine. 
Monahan, John & Co., 412 Commercial. 
Morris & Bain, 320 Sansome. 
Munk, R., 809 Mission. 
Murdock, C. A. & Co., 532 Clay. 
Mysell-Rollins Co., 22 Clay. 
Nevin, C. W. & Co., 532 Commercial. 
Pacific Goldsmith Publishing Co., 146 

Pacific Heights Printery, 2438 Sacra- 
Partridge, John, 306 California. 
Pernau Bros., 543 Clay. 
Phelan, F. M., 1010 Buchanan. 
Phillips, Smyth & Van Orden, 508 Clay. 
Police Bulletin of San Francisco, Hall 

of Justice. 
Polyglott Press. 723 Montgomery. 
Recorder Publishing Co., 516 Commer- 
Roesch, Louis Co., 321-325 Sansome. 
Rooney, J. V. Co.. 1308 Mission. 
Samuel, Wm.. 411% California. 
San Francisco Newspaper Union, 405- 

407 Sansome. 
Shanlcy, J. M., 414 Clay. 
Smyth. Owen H, 511 Sacramento. 
Spaulding. Geo. & Co., 414 Clay. 
Springer & Co.. 240 Ellis. 
Standard Printing Co., 518 Clay. 
Stanley-Taylor Co., 656 Mission. 
Sterett, W. I. Co., 933 Market. 
Sterling Press, 229 Stevenson. 
Steutzel & Co., 144 Second 
Sunset Press, 13 27 Market. 
Tomoye Press. 144 Union Square Ave. 
Town Talk Printing Co., 146 Second. 
Turner, H. S., 3232 Mission. 
Upton Bros., 17 Fremont. 
Valleau & Peterson, 410 Sansome. 
Wale Printing Co., 621 Clay. 
Wenderoth & Brown, 319 California. 
Werner, Geo. A., 1067 Howard. 
Western Fine Arts Co.. 529 Clay. 
Williams, Joseph, 142 Seventh. 
Wilson, Geo. F., 402 Front. 
Winkler, Chas. W., 146 Second. 
Winterburn, Jos., 417 Clay. 
Woodward, W. A. & Co., 12 Sutter. 

Althof & Bahls, 524 Sacramento. 
Brown & Power, 508 Clay. 
Buswell & Co., 536 Clay. 
Crocker. H. S. Co., 217 Bush. 
Hicks-Judd Co., 21-23 First. 
Kitchen, John Jr. Co., 510-514 Commer- 
Levison Printing Co.. 514 Sacramento. 
McGeeney, Wm. H., 33 Stevenson. 
Mclntyre, J. B., 424 Sansome. 
Malloye. F., 422 Sacramento. 
Mysell-Rollins Co., 22 Clay. 
Phillips Bros., 505 Clay. 
Roterimmdt. Hugo L., 413 Sacramento. 
Whelan, Richard I. & Co., 42 Steuart. 
Lithographers and Printers. 

Britton & Rey, 525 Commercial. 

Galloway Lithographing Co., 410 San- 

Roesch Co., Louis, 321-325 Sansome. 

Reighley & Martin, fifth floor. 609 Mis- 

PhotO-Engravera and Etchers. 

Barnhart & Swasey, 107 New Mont- 
gomery, near Mission. 

Bolton & Strong, 621 Clay. 

California Engraving Co.. 506 Mission. 

Lewis <ft Newberry Co., 645 Market. 

McCabe & Sons. 611 Merchant. 

Sierra Engraving Co., 324 Grant Ave. 

Sunset Engraving Co., 108 Union Square 

Union Engraving Co., 144 Union Square 

yosemite Engraving Co.. 24 Montgom- 

Electrotjpers and Stercotypers. 
Vmerlcan Press Association, 207 Sacra- 
mento. _ . , 

Hoffschneider Bros.. 412 Commercial. 

Martin & Co., 508 Clay. 

HI1 a week ft 1 

Gold Watch or Diamond 



E. F. COLLINS, Manager. 

The California Co-Operative Meat Co. 


Are now operating seven first-class Markets fitted up with all the modern 
fixtures, consisting of electric fans, cold storage rooms, etc. We have our 
own delivery service, which we believe to be the best in Oakland. We own 
our own wagons, horses, buggies, etc. We are slaughtering all our own stock 
on the ranch where they are raised, and we do not drive or ship them in cars 
to be hauled three days and nights without food or water, as is often the case 
with cattle and small stock that are shipped alive. 

Main Office, Sausage Kitchen and Cold Storage Plant: 
325 Twelfth Street, Oakland 

J. L. DAVIE, Manager. 

SAN FRANCISCO OFFICES: ] Also Building Trades Headquarters, 

( 927 Mission Street. 

Where shares may be obtained on application. One share is all that can be held by any person. 




Cigars, Tobacco and Notions 





A ' 


An Officer Praises 
the I.C.S. 


WILLMOTT, "S. S. Mex- 
ico," New York and Cuba 
Mail S. S. Co., writes as follows, 
regarding his Course in the Interna- 
tional Correspondence Schools, of 
Scranton, Pa.: "As my studies 
progress I feel more and more satis- 
fied with my investment in your 
Course on Ocean Navigation. I 
have already passed one examina- 
tion before the inspectors, and expect 
soon to go up for another. When the 
time comes for me to go up for a 
master's license, I feel confident 
that I shall have no trouble, 
thanks to your careful and exact 
teaching. Your Course on Naviga- 
tion cannot be other than a great 
benefit to any ambitious seaman 
who is trying to rise in his profes- 
sion. As soon as my Course is 
finished I intend to enroll for 

The I.C.S. method of training 
by mail has many advantages for 
the ambitious seaman. He studies 
in his spare time, wherever he 
happens to be, as we will reach him 
wherever the mails go. By our 
system any seaman who is able to 
read and write can advance in his 
profession. You have no books to 

Mark X before the position that interests you, 
fill in the coupon and send it to us. We will send 
full particulars. 


♦ Box 898, Scranton, Pa. ♦ 

♦ Please send me your booklet 

"iooi Stories of Success," ♦ 

♦ and explain how 1 ca 

\ qualify for position ♦ 

before which I have marked X. 


Civil Service Exem. 

First Offlcor 

Commercial Law for 

Socond Officer 

Clerks end St'nog's 

Petty Officer 
Chief Engineer 


Electrical Engineer 

1st Asst. Engineer 

2d Asst. Engineer 

Mechanical Engineer 

Lake Captain 

Civil Engineer 

2d Class Pilot 


Marine Engineer 

French ) wi „, 

Mech'nic'l Draftsman 

Berman >• Edison 

English Branches 

Spanish ) Phonograph 

! t 

* ( 

ft, fif Nn. • 



'World's WorKers. 

Chinese miners at Krugersdorp, S. A., 
are on a strike, and a number have been 
injured in police raids. 

An assemblage of workmen in St. Pe- 
tersburg on March 31 demanding the 
liberation of imprisoned strike leaders 
nearly led to a riot. 

Secretary McCabe, of the Brisbane 
(Australia) Waterside Workers' Union, 
recently told the Federal Navigation 
Commission that the majority of the 
wharf laborers did not average 25s per 

The New South Wales Arbitration 
Court dealt with 155 applications for 
recovery of union subscriptions during 
1904. It also dealt with 170 matters 
outside of awards and industrial agree- 

The question of whether the city cor- 
poration laborers' wages should be fixed 
at a minimum of 9s per day was decided 
by a referendum at Broken Hill, New 
South Wales; 1,097 voted for the 9s, 
and 445 against. 

In the New South Wales Arbitration 
Court recently a steamship company was 
fined £1 Is, with £2 2s costs, for not pay- 
ing Is 3d per hour to certain wharf la- 
borers for the discharge of deep-sea cargo 
at the port of Sydney. 

The Sydney (Australia) Trades Hall 
Association intends spending £300 for 
providing a waiting-room, a reading- 
room, and the daily papers and labor 
literature for the use of members of 
trade-unions affiliated with the Trades 

The average number of laborers em- 
ployed daily at the docks and principal 
wharves in London, England, during the 
four weeks ended January 28 was 13,- 
553, an increase of 5.5 per cent on the 
average for December, when fog inter- 
rupted employment, and a decrease of 
5.1 per cent on that for January, 1904. 

The number of paupers relieved in 
thirty -five urban districts in Great Brit- 
ain one day in January corresponded to 
a rate of 239 per 10,000 of the estimated 
population of these districts. This ia 
higher than the rate for January in 
any of the previous ten years, the next 
highest rate in this period being 230 per 
10,000 in January, 1895. The average of 
the January figures for the ten years, 
1895-1904, was 215 per 10,000. 

A meeting held at Yalta, Russia, on 
March 28, attended by thousands of 
workmen, adopted a resolution to peti- 
tion the throne first, for abrogation of 
laws limiting civil rights; second, for 
free speech; third, freedom of. the press; 
fourth, the right to strike; fifth, liberty 
of conscience; sixth, equal rights for all 
nationalities and religions ; seventh, im- 
mediate conclusion of peace with Japan, 
and eighth, popular representation in 
the constituent assembly. 

Reports as to the state of employment 
in December, 1904, were received by the 
French Labor Department from 1,023 
trade-unions, having an aggregate mem- 
bership of 192,154. Of these, 22,660, or 
11.8 per cent, were unemployed on De- 
cember 15, as compared with 11.6 per 
cent in the previous month, and 11.8 
per cent in December, 1903. The totals 
on which these figures are based do not 
include returns from the coal miners in 
the Nord and Pas-de-Calais department.-. 

Twenty-one new labor disputes began 
in Great Britain in January, 1905, com- 
pared with six in December, and seven- 
teen in January, 1904. By the twenty- 
one disputes, 4,614 workpeople were di- 
rectly, and 524 indirectly, affected, and 
these figures, when added to the number 
of workpeople affected by disputes which 
began before January, and were still in 
progress at the beginning of the month, 
give a total of 6,628 workpeople involved 
! in trade disputes during January, 1905, 
compared with 3,727 in December, 1904, 
.and 10,175 in January, 1904. 



General News. 

Government inspectors have condemn- 
ed a consignment of life-preservers for 
New Orleans. 

Twenty thousand prisoners captured 
in the battle of Moukden have already 
arrived in Japan. 

It is i eported that the Vatican is sus- 
picious of Russia's policy of granting 
liberty to Polish Catholics. 

It i- reported that an island, 1,800 
yards in circumference, has em 
from the sea in the Japanese archipel- 

Buffalo Bill lost his suit for divorce, 
the Court holding that none of his 
charges against his wife had been sua 

The war news from the front on March 
:il indicates thai Field Marshal Oyama 
has begun a general advance of bis main 
army, with wings far extended. 

St. Petersburg employers have declar- 
ed a lockout affecting 30,000 men. The 

latter are said t'> be in an Ugly mood, 

and a new reign of terror is expected. 

M. de Thygeson, known as the "Father 
of the Rigsdag," being the oldest mem- 
ber of that body, died at Copenl 
Denmark, on March 31, aged ninety-eight 


The neu Anchor liner Caledonia, which 
arrived at New York <>n April 2. report 
ed that nn March :i(i she passed four ice 
extending as far a- they eye could 


President Roosevelt ha- approved the 
sentence "i the court-martial dismissing 
Midshipman Arrowwood from the navy 
ami depriving him of all the rights of 


Five men wire killed and seven 
serial- Iv injured b\ an explo ton m t i: 

United Verde mine, owned by United 
States Senator Clark, at Jerome, A. T., 
on April -. 

A revised unofficial estimate of the 
Japaui casual! ies in the battles of 
Moukden and Tie Pass place the number 
at 57,000. General Mayeda, who was 
wounded at Moukden, i- dead. 

The Russian Minister of Finance, in 
reply to a dispatch published in the 
London Times concerning the Govern- 
ment's gold reserve, invited the editor of 
the Time- to come to St. Petersburg and 
bring experts to verify the amount. 

The British royal yacht Victoria and 

Albert, with Queen Alexandra and party 
mi hoard, arrived at Gibraltar on March 

:is. This is the first time a Queen of 
England has visited Gibraltar in the 
history of the famous rock, and -he was 
accorded a great reception. 

The cruiser Rusbek, the first turbine 
propelled vessel of the German navy, ran 
her trial trip from Kiel to Swinemunde, 
Isi) sea miles, at 23 kots an hour, on 
.March 150. The contract called for 22 
knots. The nasal cmnmi — ion aboard 

accepted the vessel during the run. 

Mir Margaret Dye Ellis, General Su 
perintendent of the Women's Christian 
Temperance Union, declares that Mor- 
monism i- rapidly spreading, and she 
enumerates several churches of that faith 

which have either heen or arc being 

erected in the Middle West, ami one in 
Harlem, X. Y. 

The German Reichstag's petition com- 
mittee, mi March 30, voted to accept the 
offer of the United state- and Great 

Britain to pay $40,0 lach a- indemnity 

in the Samoans, and to pay the remain- 
der of the claims, which arc estimated 

;l , from $20,000 to s:;o.t from the 

Imperial treasury. 

mmander Robert E. Perry'- Arctic 
exploration steamer Roosevelt was 
launched at Bucksport, Me., on March 
■2:',. The ship was designed by naval 
architect William F. Winant, of New 
York. She is considered the strongest 
In construction, roost powerful and best 
equipped craft for combating the Arctic 
ice ever built. 

San Francisco Letter List. 

Letters are advertised for six months 
and kept at the Sailors' Union Office for 
twelve months, all told. If not called 
for at the expiration of one year letters 
will be returned to the PostofBce. 

A hlstedt, Anders Anderson, E. 
Alaterre, Alexander Anderson, John E. 

Anderson, Wilhelm 
Arvidsson, A. M. 
Andersson, C. 
Andersson, C. S. 
Andersson, Hjalmar 
Andersson, Joel 
Andersson. K. O. 
Andersson, W. W. 
Andresen! Hjalmar 
Arcadlus, T. 
Arnesen, Olaf-1146 
Arnold, Andrew 
Arnold. Horace A. 
Arvesen, Ja kob 
Austrand, ('has. 

. J. A 

Amundson, M. 


A n.l. 1 seii-1229 

A ndersen, A. C. 
Andersen, Ed 
Andersen, J. E. 
Andersen. Nels 
Andersen, Ole 
An. I. 

Anderson-9 1 9 
Andersen- 1 108 
Anderson, < Jonrad 
Baardsen, T. 
Baker. John 
Balcom, B. M. 
1 ir, A. 

■ g, Han, II. 

1 tast ion, Willie 
Bayne, Paul R. 
Bee, Colin 
Behrman, John 
en, John 'I'. 
Berentsen. Om 

■ gren, 1 1. 
Bergklint, 1 
Berlenz, Emil 
Bernhard, H. 
Beyerle, R. 
Bichou. Pierre 
Bindseil, Walter 
Birkrem, Olana 

ml. .Lilian 

Bjerregaard, Ch. 
Carlson, Charles 

Carls. m. C. W. 

Carlsson-9 12 
1 'arlsson-966 
1 larlsson, ( !arl 
i !arlsson, Walter 
Case, Hans 
( lasius, Carlos 
Christensen. J. R. 
I lahlman- IT 1 

ram, A. P. 

1 i.- I laan, Mr. 
I letert, 1 >scar 
Ellasen, Joiian 
Els, Jol 

Engberg, < >skar 
Engelen. W. 

Fairbanks. G. H. 
ch, i'. W. 

dstad, O. 
Folkman, J. 
Frank. John 
Gad, s. V. 
as, 1 1. 
im, F. 
1. E. 
< : ji.riiiw. Ing. 
Glaubitz, Ferd. 
Graf, l-:. I.. 
Gratia 1 1,1 
1 irandal. Hjalmar 
1 Irani, Alex. 
1 Irauma n, 1 1 j. R. 
( Ira vert, J. 
Greilinger. Fred 

berg, ii. f. 
Hakansson, Fredrik Hedberg, Alf 
1 sen. Mnrthen Helander, H 

Bjirk, William 
Bjornstad, N. M. 
Blegk, Oscar 

1 S29 
Blom, Philip 
Bolin. J. 
Borjesson, B. E. 
Borsheim, A. 
Bostrom, ( 'ail 
Boudoux, Leon 
Bowman, 10. 
Brandt, J. 
Bray, Jack 
Brillowskl, M. 
Broden, Julius 
Bronwer, G. 

e, G. 
Buthier. Chr. 
Buttler, Viktor 

Christensen. O. M. 

Christians. 11, I lans 

Christiansen, T. O. 
Clare, J. M. 

Clover, \\ in 
Cooper, W. T. 
Cora, S. W. 
Crighlam, J. 

Dexter. Geo. 
Dischler, Peter 

Dittmar. otto 
Douglas, Mr. 
Drevig. H. B. 
Eriksen-51 - 
Erlksen, Valdemar 
Evald. Ernest 

en, E. 
Fransen. Adolph 
Free. I. Louis 
Frivold, J. din 
Furgis, John 
Furst, John 

Grondal, J. A. 
Grundberg, Iv.-.r 
Grunbock. Joh. 
1 rundersen-516 
Gundersen, Thor- 

Gundersen, Tom 
Gunnarson. John 
Gunther, Th. 
Gustafson, K. O. 
Gustafson, O. A. 
Gustafson, S. L. 
Gustavesen, 1 li n 
Hay. Wm.-1179 

1 1 1 1\ orsen 

I la I\ nrsen. Julius 
Hamilton. \Y. 
1 1 1 mil n. C. 

1 edson, H. 

Hansen-11 1'.". 
Hansen, Andrew 

11. Arthur 
1 l.ins.'li. B. 

a, Geo. J. 

1 tansi n, H. C. 

11. Karl O. 
Hansen, M. J. 

I la lis. m, 1 • 
1 lans. -n. Sigurd 
I Iansley, Martin 
Hanson. J. A. 
Istad, < Hans 

It Well. I". 

Ivergensen. M. 
Jacobsen, Andrew 
Jahnson, Axel 
Jakobsen, C. 
fa kill.-, .n-1126 
Ja kobsson, J. W. 

.1.1 nssnii-l 234 

Jarvlnen, F. H. 
Jarvis. Chas. 
Jensen. Aug. A. 
Jensen, < I L. 
. I.- n. s.n. II. F. 

Niels Olaf 
.!• ns. Otto 

■sin, Anton 
ni'sen, J. 

. I. ilia nil. -sell. .1. II. 

Johanneson, M. 
Ing, .1. I'. 
Karlson, A. 
Kivista. K. 
Kjellgren, A. B. 
Klemenlson, A. 
Knutsen. Oscar 
Knutsson. Olaf A. 
Kolbe, Albln 
Koop, John 
I.aine. Viktor 
Larsen-91 2 

I. ars. -li. Julius 


Larson. Otto 
Lau. Gustav 

Laws. II. 
Lempejalnen. J. 
Lennox, W. 
Lepose, Ilelbarth 
Lepsoe, Helbarth 
1 indeback. I.. 
Lindberg, Johan 
Mackay. Chas. 
imack. E. 

Helmke. F. A. 
Henningsen, Pet. 
Henriksen, A. G 

I I.'lll A. I-:. 

1 tetebrugge, VV. 
Heuer, Mr. 
I [eyyum, Louis 
Hlnes, B. G. 

Ilintz. Karl 
Hoeffar. Joseph 
Holm, n ialmar 
f l.iliti. J. 
Horhien, Oluf 
Hoi nberg, G. P. 
Ilinlson, Alix 
Hult. W in. 
Hurly, Wm. 

Iversen, Peder 
Iverson, Capt. 

Johansen i 
Johan sen-1216 
Johansen- 3 120 
Johansen, Charley 
Johansen, Joakin 
Johansson. J. E. 

.1 . 1 1 1 11 S 1 . 11 - 1 I .". 'J 

Johnson, Frank 

Johnson. J. 
Johnson, M. 
Jonsson, Oskar 

Jordfald, Tl 

Joseph. Jack 
Juelsen, Jorgen 
Kopman, F. 

K.isa. Petter-590 
Kresteren, H. P. 
K ristl :nsen I G 
K ronke, I [erman 
Kruger. William 
Kung, B. 
Kurki, II. M. 
Kustel, V. J. 

Lindenbein, Ed. 
Lin.lman. A. 
Linnell, Chas. 
Lof. Oscar 
Lofgren. K. W. 
. .11, A. A. 

Lorenzen, John 

Lovin. Francois 
Lundberg, l'. 
1. n nde, Ma gnus 
Lundin, C. 
Lundgren-1 1 "1 
I.yli.'ck, Thomas 

Mela ml. ESdlus 
Mela nder, C. G. 

ai. \ er, a Hi. rt 
Mikklesen, Chas. 

in, Axel Car] 
Mardison, Aulti 
Mai hiesen, C. 
Mathisen, Th. L. 
..lit tson, J. 
McDonald, M. 
McCullick. W. 
McGinlay, Pat. 
McHugh. Thomas 
Meinholz, Anton 
Neelsen, Aksel 
Nelson, Frank 
Nicchlassen, N. C. 
Niejahr, W. 
Nielsen, Jens A. 
Oberhauser, John 
Oiestad, Hans 
Olesen, Marinus 
1 ils. '11-506 
Olsen, Bert 
Olsen, Hans 
Clsen. O. C.-499 
( Hscn-V:;T 
Olsen, ' MafH. 
< ilsen, Terje 

ok, P. 
Palmer, J. 
Paludan, Ch. 
Papke. Harry 
1 '.',1 rson- i-T 
Pearson, C. A. 

I '.irs. in. Oscar 
Peeples, Samuel 
Pedersen, K. 
Ramsey, H. W. 
Rankine. Jack 
Bask. John 

Rasmussen, O. 
Rasniussen. V. K. 
Ratio, Anton 
Reig, Tormod 
Riley. Raliih 
Robertson. W. 
Robson. James 

Saa r. I lans 
Sandberg, Gottfried 
Sauren, R. 
Sayle. T. Wm. 
Schade, W. 
Schimmelphlnlg, A. 
Schlueter. John 
Schlump, J. 
Schmehl. Paul 
Schmidt. Herman 

S. In kl.ith, P. .11. Chas. 
Schorf, Hein. 
s. hubert-887 
Schuttles, Eugene 

encke, C. 
Scott. R. L. 
Shealon. H. 
Silfersberg, Harold 
Sinclair, R. 

■ 11. A. 
Smith. Paul 
Soderma n, Bills 
Soli.-. Ing. 

S 1 sen-1492 

Sorensen-11 10 
Tait, Geo. 

Taylor, A. V. 
Therkilden. Syvert 
Thiie. Peder 
Thomrem, J. W. 
Thorn, Arvld L. 
Timlin. F. O. G. 
C.ihy. H. S. 
Fhalberg. Mr. 
Vaugsoe, P. J. 
Vautrin, H. H. 
Vejohm, Frank 
Vigneau. Wllfried 
Vlgre. Alfred 
Wagner, John 

itrom, Alb. 
Waller. E. 
Warta, Arthur 

Wei.le. Paul 

Wei. lens. Ed. 

Westergren, A. 
W estin, John 
Wie, A. 

Wiehke. Ernst 
W'ikmaii. John 

W'ii.y. Robert 
Young. A. 
Zach risen, J. 
/.. be, Gust, 

Mischker, Franz 
Moerman, Gaston 

Mull.",. .11. ( lust. 
Moran. Chas. 
Mori ens. ai. M. 1 1. 

Muiier. i [einrlch 
Muller, Leo 
Murstard, A. 
Munze, .\nton 

Nilsen. Henry 
Nolly, Harold 
Nor, Cliarley 
Nordlund, F. 
Norheim, J. 
Nurse, 1 I. 
Nyroos- . 69 
Olson. O.-630 
Olssen. 1 'li. 
Olssen, J. 1:. 
Olsson, Gustaf 
Ommundsen. O. 
Omundsen, 1 1. 
Orchard, S. H. 

Pergher, Andemer 
Pergher, Carol 
m, J. -832 
Petersen, C. O. 
Peterson. Ernest 

Petterson. P. 
Piedvacke. E. 

' -7*7 
It.. 11... It. 
in, O. 
Roschack, Paul 
Rose. E A. 
Rosengren. J. A. 
. . T. 
Roy, F. N. 
Rude, Alb. M. 
Budsit, F. 
Rukelainen, J. 
Ruth, Filvin 

Sorensen, N. 
Sorensen, Tom 
Sortvet. 1 .I.- 
Spreelis, S. 
Stark. J. A. 
Staschan, John 
Sleffen, C. F. 
Stenroht, Air. 
Strand, Oscar 
Stromberg, Werner 

Sn ml I., re , K. K. 

Svendegaard, P. 

Svensen, Hans 
Sveiis.m-1 46 I 
Svenson, John I'. 
Svensson- I 
Svensson. J. 
Swans. 111-1 ::::i 
Swartholm. c. 

Sw.ileriis. ( 'has. 
Swendsen, Axel 
Swensseii. Emil 
S\ \ vi -en. John 
Syvertsen. Ole 
Tlmn. F. II. 
Th n n. Erlck 
Tobin, Austin 
Tomsen. Rasmus IS2 
'l repln, C. 
Unruh, Paul 

Vim Asperen, Wm. 
Von Busse, H. 
Voss, Peter N. 


W illiams, A. 
Williams. Fred 
wills. Geo. 
Wllmont, Frank 
Wilson. B. 
Wind. J. 
Windsor, Jack 
Winter. John 
Wisbech, John 
Withro, Axel 

Zimerman, F. 
Zugehoer. Alex. 


Ahsalomsen, O. 
Ahrens, A. 
Aird. Thos. 
Albertsen, F. 
Amundsen, D. 
Amundsen. P. 
Andersen, L. T. 
Anderson, Albert 
Anderson, A. W. 
Anderson, J. 
Anderson. John 
Anderson. Olaf 
A nderson, Simon 
A rcedius, Tore 
Arnesen, Anders 
Asplund, Emil 
Balon, Almeda 
Bergalde, K. 
I lerglund, A. 
1 tererquist, Carl 
Bjerregaard, Chr. 
Biorkgren, Otto 
Blair, F. 
Blomberg. G. 
Boahnhoff. H. 
Bodian, Theo. 
Bodiou. Theo. 
Bratrud, O. M. 
Bregler, F. 
Bronhoast. H. 
Brown, Albert 
Brown, R. B. 

Milliard. I. J. 
Bvrning, W. 

■n. J. -808 
( '.-isson. H. 
Charlsen. D. 
Christensen. C 
Christoffersen, Carl 

Christensen. Nils 

.1. M. 
Clare. J. P. 
1 "ochran, R. B. 

Cstello, D. 
Dahlberg, J. 

I hi nielsen, Axel 

11. E. 
Duls, J. 

Edvardsen. J. 
Ekelberg. C A. 
El weft. R. H. 
Enu'strom, E. 
Eriksen. Fred 
Faro, A. S. 
Faroe. A. H. 
Ferris. C. 
Fichter, A. 
FJelstad, O. 
Flodin. J. 
Foldeb, J. 
Fraser, James 
Friscke. C. 
Gabrlelsen, Henry 
< lei'win. Geo. 
Gottschalk. M. 
Gram, S. 
Gronnestad, H. 
Guldberg. R. 
1 laakensen. C. 
Haleppa, Oscar 
Halin, Oscar 
Hallin, Victor 
Haltei, J. W. 
Hansen. Edvar.l 
Hansen, G.H.-382 
Hansen. H.-1195 
Hansen. Harry 
Hansen, Henry 
Hansen. J. P. 
Hansen. Karl 
Ha nsen. O. R. 
Hartnett. W. J. 
Havrler, P. 
Henriksen, Elert 
Henriksen. Hartuch 
Hermansen. A. 
Herseley. R. 
Hinze. Aug 
Holm. J. 
Huhscher. W. 
Hult. W. 

Jacobsen. J. A.-7T9 
Jncobson. Oscar 
Ja nssen, M. B. 
Jensen. C. H. 
Jensen, C. L. 
Jensen, Laurltz 

Jensen. S. G. 
Johansen, J. S. 
Johansen, L.-1210 
Jollnit, W. 
J.ihannesen. O. K. 
Johansen, Karl 
Johansen, Martin 
Johanson, E.-1422 
Johanson, Knut 
Johnsen, C.-769 
Johnsen. Louis 
Jones, B. O. 
Jorgensen, J. M. 
Jorgensen, R. 
Kelly, Patrick 
Klemettila. G. 
Kloperstrom, W. 
Larsen, C. A. 
Larsen, H. J. 
Larsen, Hans 
Larsen, J. E. 
Lauren, J. O. 
Kristoffersen, K. 
Knudsen, J. 
Krallman, A. 
Lichner, J. 
Lind, C.-885 
Lindquist, K. 
Ljung. Gustaf 
Loven, K. 
Lundblad. V. 
Martlnsen, O. 
McDonald, J. 
McDonald. Thos. 
McKenna, P. J. 
McLeod, J. L. 
Meinar, J. E. 
Meyer, Adolf 
Meyer, G. 
Miller, James 
Mills. F. G. 
Monen, Alex. 
Monsen, K. 
Nieklasen, N. 
Nilsen, C. B. 
Nilsen. H.-717 
Xilsen, K. M. 
Nilsen. N. R. 

Nordenberg, J. 
Xor.lholm. K. B. 
Nordling, S. 
Nordman, F. 

Nvhorg, C. 
' l.I'lie. L 
Olapen, M. 
Olsen, E. M. 
Olsen. J. C. 
1 Use,,, oiief 


Olsen. B. Agnoold 
Olsson, C. 
Ossis, A. 
Otterheck. H. H. 
Paulson, I lans 
Pedersen, H. P. 
Federsen, Ka rl 
Petersen, Fred 
Peterson, K. J. 
Peterson, Otto 
Pistel. C. 
Rasmussen. Fred 
R.ibinson, W. 
Roux, Geo. 
Royden. W. H. 
Rude, A. M. 

-I. T. 
Sanders, F. T. 
Schee, -\1. 1 1. 

Selander. Gust. 
Simonsen. A. 
Singelman, E. 
Sjogren. J. J. L. 
Smith, C. A. V. 
Smith, B. 
Smith, G. 
Smith, Paul 
Soderquist, Otto 
Soderstrom, J. A. 
Solie, I. 
Sorensen. A. 
Sorensen, P. C. 
Steckman, G. W. 
Steelink, C. II. 
Stenheim. E. M. 
Stossle. C. 
Strand, Oscar 

t. F. 
Svensen, J. 
Swanson. C. 
Taylor. C. 
Tellel'sen. .1. I .. 
Thayfon, John 
Thompsen, T. 
Tiinia. K. 
Toblitz. A. 
Verzone. F. 

Void. 11. P. 
Walsh, J. 
Wannerliind, A. 
Wendt. H. 
Wennecke, A. 

Wie. A. 

Wilson, Albert 
Wilson. Thos. 
Yerna. T. 


Ahloff, W. 
Agren, August K. 
Alien, John 
A lsl mm. Alf 
Andersen. A. G.-547 
Andersen, A. G. 
A 11. lei sen. Alex.-853 
Andersen, Anders 
Andersen, Bertrand 
en, Fred H.- 

Andersen, Joseph 
Andersen, Wilhelm 
Anderson, A. J. 
Anderson, Anders 

Anderson, Bert 
Anderson, Fred 
a nderson, Geo. 
\ nderson, Gust. 
Anderson, Gustaf 

Anderson, John 
Anderson, Otto 
Anderson, S. 
Anderson. W.-991 
Andreasen, N. S. 
Angelbeck. G. 

Ansbon, Harry 
ren. John 

Arntsen. Erik 

Arrhenlus, Carl 

August, Ernst 

Augustin, A. L. 

I lak.-r, J. 

Bakke, John Olsen- 
51 7 

Beer, Franklin H. 
ih. Adam 

Bergqvist, J. a. 

re B mdalia 

Berntsen. O.-1280 

Berthelsen, A. 

Bliesatli. Mall 

1 : 1 . 1 11 1 . 1 1 1 i s t , II. 

Bogan. Pa trick 

Bohman, Erik 

Boore. Pa ai 

Boren, Wil 1 

I lort ra in, Wm. 

Bracco, Joe 

Brandt. William 

Brouford, Charles 

Calahan. D. 

Carlson, August 
on, Eric 

Carlson. J. 








For over 40 years the Favorite 
with all classes of smokers. 









The only store on the waterfront 
of Honolulu employing white labor 


Furnishing Goods. Boots, Shoes, Oil 

Clothing;, Trunks, Tobaccos 

and Cigars. 



Union-made Cigars and Tobacco. 
No Asiatics Employed. 

W. C. BERGIN, Proprietor, 

Corner Hotel and \ minima Streets, 


The Only Laundry in Honolulu 
Employing White Help. 

Shipping trade especially cared 
for. "Work called for and de- 
livered in twelve hours. 

Carlson. J. -388 
Chamberlin, L. C. 
Cheodore, Bodiou 
Christiansen, Fer- 
Christensen, Harry 
Christiansen, Lud- 


Clausen, Eduard 
Coffman, Milo 
Comerford, L. 
Danielsen, Ernst 
Danielsen. Gustav 
Diedrich, Hermann 
Diener, Alik 
Edson. Frank 
Edlund. J. A. 
Ellingsen, Fred 
Engle, G. 
Fasholz, Daniel 
Fernstrom, S. 
Francois, Perrio 
Frandsen, F.-388 
Gibson, Chas. R. 
Giffln, Jim W. 
Gilhorlm, A. 
Gronvall, Johan 

Grunbock, Johan 
Gudmundsen, Jo- 
Gunlach, John 
Gundersen, L. 
Gustatfson, J.-432 
Gustafson, A. F. 
Gustafson. Oskar 
Gustavsen, Ben 
Hammarin, C. F. 
Hansen, Adolf 
Hansen, August 
Hansen, Chas. G. 
Hansen, H. J. 
Hansen, Hans P. 
Hansen. John 
Hansen, Karl-676 
Hansen, Karl 
Hansen, Laurits 
Hansen, Theodor 
Harding. W. J. 
Harold. M. 
Hendersen, J. 
Hogberg, Wilhelm 
Hume, McW. H. 
Istad, Olaus 
Jacobsen, O. T. 
Jansen, Fred-1281 
Janson, C. L. 
Jansson. Edward J. 
Jasson. B. 
Jean, H. G.-396 
Jensen, George L.- 

Jensen, Lewis 
Jensen, Rasmus 
Johannsen, Chr.- 

Johannesen, Arnt- 

Joliansen, A. F. 
Johansen, August 
Joliansen, Ernest 
Johannesen. Jacob 
Johansen, E. W. 
Johansen, Viktor 
Johansson, A. F.- 

Johnsen, A. L. 
Johnson, Carl-588 
Johnson, Emil-1576 
Johnson, James 
Johnson, Michael 
Johnson, P. 
Johnson, Chas. 
Karlson. J. A. 
Karlsson, Gustaf 

Karlsson. John 
Keuris. Hans 
Kihl. Harry 
Kittelsen. Laurits 
Klover, H.463 
Knudsen, Daniel 
Knutsen. Knut 
Krogstad. Eugene 
Ladelane. John 
Larsen, Ed. O. 
Larsen, Robert 
Larson, Gust. 
Lautier, Joan 
Lehtonen, Victor 

Lindholm, Nestor 
Lindqvist, Carl 
Lingen, M. C. 
Lundberg, E. 
Lundberg, Harry 
Maahs, Otto 
Magnussen, G. W.- 

Matson, Victor 
McAdam, J. 
McHume, W. H. 
Mikkelsen, Chas.- 

Mikkelsen, Peter 
Mjornes, Arne 
Mortensen, Chris- 
Nielsen, Jacob 
Nielsen, K. N. 
Nielson, N. G. 
Nielsen, Niels-319 
Nielsen, Niels Chr. 
Nikkelsen. Karl 
Njitrom, Emil-675 
Nylander, J. Albert 
Ohlsen, Jacob 
Olsen, Andrew 
Olsen, John B. 
Olsen, Karl-1564 
Olsen, Marinius 
Olsen, Olaf 
Olsen, Peder 
Olson, Benny 
Oosterhuis, R. 
Pearson, R. A. 
Pedersen, Paul-896 
Pederson, Preston 
Perouwer, G. 
Perrio, F. 
Persson. Chas. -678 
Perry, Ben 
Petersen, Charles 
Peterson. G. 
Petersen, John B. 
Petersen, O. 
Pettonen, K. H. 
Putler, Bill 
Rasmussen, Emil 
Rasmussen, Olaf 
Rasmussen, Victor 
Rauer, H. 
Reese, Wilhelm 
Redehman, John- 

Reid, James-326 
Richardson. Harry 

Rjetad, S. J.-1355 
Robinson, Jack 
Robinson, John 

Rosenblad, Axel 
Rosenblad, Karl 
Salvlsen, A. 
Salvesen, Samuel 
Samsio, S. 
Sandberg, Theodor 
Sandel, Louis 
Sanitone, J. 
Saunders, Carl 
Schatze, Otto 
Schilling, C. 
Schubert, Charley 
Schubert, P. 
Shultz, Henry 
Simell, O. H.-1198 
Sjonberg, Harald 
Smith, Pat. 
Smith, Paul 
Sodergvist, Otto 
Soderquist, Neil 
Sorensen, Michael 
Soult, Theodor 
Stalsten, Karl 
Steffensen, Viggo 
Storsten. Henrik 
Strelow, Albert 
Sundqvist, Walter 

Sunds, Olsen J. 
Svanson, Robert- 

Svenssen, Hans M. 
Svvertsen, Isak 
Taat. Thos. 
Tankirst. C. 
Thallos. Mr. 
Thorn, Edmund 
Tomask, Math. 
Tillman, Andrew 
Tornquist. Gustaf 
Verzona, Felix 



(U. S. STORE.) 

General Outfitters for Men and Boys 

Clothing;, Furnishing Goods, Hats, Caps, Shoes, Rubber Boots, Oilskins, 

Blankets and Quilts, Trunks, Bags, Pipes and Tobaccos, 

Cutlery and Notions. 

Store closes at 6 p. in.; Saturdays at 10 p. in. 







All our Clothing, Hats, Caps, Shirts and Collars have the Union Label. 
Store closes at 6 p. m., except Saturdays. 



When in Port at Gray's Harbor 
call at the 

Horseshoe Store 


For your Clothing, Furnishing 

Goods, Hats, Shoes, Rubber 

Boots and Oilskins. 

Honest Goods at Houeat Prices. 



■mijiiliiiiiinrni m^m 


Walbergh, Joseph 
Walmar, E. 
Wandel, Walter E 
Warta, Arthur 
Werner, Oscar 
Werner, O. 
Westergren, Carl 

Andersen, C. L. 

Augelbeck, G. 

Backhaus, E. 
Bernhardsen, C- 

Carlson, Ch. M. 
Caspersen, Ch. 
Clark. A. 
Cutler. Wm. 
Disehler, P. 
Dittmayer, Ch. 
Dybsland. P. Th. 
Engman. E. 
Fredericksen. A. 
Hansen, Ch. G. 
Hansen, C. O. 
Hansen, K. G. 
Hansen, P. Ch. 
Hansen, Th. 
Hedberg-, Alf. 
Jensen, P. 
Johansen, C. L. 
Johnson, J. -1103 
Johnston. Harry 
Jones, Ch. 
Jorgensen, Carl 
Jorgensen. Peter 
Junks. J. W. 
Karlsson. Thure 
Koso, Pete 

Braver. Dave 
Diedrichsen. H. 
Johansson, K.-1396 
Krane. Karl 
Maki, T. A. 
McHume. W. H. 
Person, J. B. 
Petersen, Hans-936 
Roberts, Frederick 

Westerholm, Aug. 
Whyne, Fred 
Wideman, Frank 
Wilson, C. 
Wilson, Edward 
Wilson, P. L. 
Zugehaer, Alex. 

Lie. Karl-1042 
Mutro, John 
Nelson, Hakan 
Nelson, John W. 
Nielsen, Ole 
Nielsen. W. 
Oesterling. E. 
Oetting. John 
Olsen, Adolf 
Olsen, Arthur G. 
Olsen, John 
Olsen, Karl 
Orchard. T. H. 
Owens, John 
Peterson, V. E. 
Pettersen, Peter 
Petterson. A.-296 
Rio, Nicolas 
Rogind, S. S. 
Ross, Joe 
Sorensen, S. 
Steffensen, A. 
Stone, W m. 
Strom. Johan 
Svenson, G.-1316 
Svenson. John 
Volberg. J. -551 
Wolte. Paul 
Williams. Alfred 
Zambuerara, M. 
Shannon, Alex. 
Smith, W. M. 
Sodergren, Gustaf 
Soderlund, Chas. 
Stenroose, A. W. 
Stephan, C. 
Svenelsen, Otto 
Thomas, Joseph W. 
Westerlund, C. W. 


Allen. Frans 
Andersen, A. A. 
Amenson, C. G. 
Ariadius, T. 
Bruin, J. de 
Currie, James 
Kdlund. J. A. 
Eglit, F. S. 
Crikson, Alex. 
Gilhooly, H. 
Gottschalk, Max 
Hansen, Ed 
Hinner, G. 
Hogland, Charles 
Ingebretsen, Nils- 

Johansen. E. 
Jensen, Jens 


Jensen, V. E. 
Klein, J. 
Kristensen, K 
Laine, F. 
Labastide, J. 
Larsen, 0.-989 
Lindstam, O. A. 
Lundberg, H. 
Olson, Leonard 
Roman, Ted 
Schilling, C. 
Stone, M. 
Samuelsen. K. 
Swenson, H. 
Warla, Arthur 
Webber, C. 
Weber, O. 


Boose. Paul C. 

Bray, J. K. 

Hansen, Chas. -967 

Hansen, H. C. 

Harju, K. G. 

Haugland, Nils Ol- 

Johanesen, Arent- 

Kloot, J. 

Leupstadius, Chas. 

Maack. Johannes 

Nielsen. C. 

(Continued on Page 14) 

Martinson, Holger 

Nyq'uist, R. E. N. 
Pederson, Chas. 
Ross, Ben 
Scharjen, John 
Starkey. Wm. 
Theis, Harry 
Voss, Peter N. 
Walter, Emil 
Wilmont, Frank 
Wittenberg, Max 

— Visit — 

WALTER EHRLICHMAN, 717 Pacific Ave. 

Where the Best 

Clothing, Furnishing Goods, Hats, 
Shoes, Rubber Boots and Oilskins can 
be had at reasonable prices. 

Union Goods a Specialty. 






Watches & Jewelry 



404 Heron Street, Aberdeen, Wash. 

Fine Pocket Knives, Tin 
Ware and Granite Ware. 

When In Port at Aberdeen and looking- 
for Union Goods call on 


Watch for the Red Front, 
24 Heron Street. 

Headquarters for Seamen's Outfits. 

Everything from a pair of Rubber Boots 

to a Tailor-made Suit. 


116 South <<G" Street 

Have your photographs made while in port by 



Marine Views, Enlarging, Copying, 
& Crayon Portraits, Picture Frames. 

C. V. LOV, Prop 
406 Market St. Aberdeen, Wash. 


Tobacco and Cigars 



Agency for Aberdeen Steam Laundry. 

Stand on entrance to Union Office. 




Sailors' Patronage Solicited. 


PHONE 693 

Sailors' and Loggers' Outfitters 

Clothing, Furnishing Goods, Hats, 
Shoes, Rubber Boots and Oilskins. 




News from Abroad. 

It, is believed that the main Japanese 
armies arc now marching to invest Vlad- 

The new monetary system establishing 
the gold standard in Mexico will go into 
effect on May 1. 

A British scientific expedition will be 
sent to India to .study the plague now- 
causing thousands of deaths daily. 

.More than ten trains, stocked wtih pro- 
visions and war material, are leaving 
St. Petersburg daily for Vladivostok. 

A Catholic priest in Germany recently 
l)Ic~se<l a body about to be cremated, the 
first instance of the kind in that coun- 

The assassin of Grand Duke Sergius 
still refuses to reveal his identity, and 
nothing can be learned of his name or 

The Provincial Council, of Havana, 
Cuba, has voted in favor of the erection 
of a monument to Cervantes, author of 
"Don Quixote" 

The German Ambassador at Constan- 
tinople has presented a note to the Porte 
vetoing the placing of orders for arms 
by Turkey in France. 

Germany and France will not press 
claims against San Domingo, pending 
the efforts of the United States to ad- 
just its financial affairs. 

It. is announced at. St. Petersburg that 
the Russian internal loan has been so 
largely subscribed that applicants will 
be allotted only 40 per cent. 

The Simplon tunnel, the longest in 
the world, was opened on April 2, when 
from the Swiss and Italian sides the 
first trains passed through. 

President Castro has declined to arbi- 
trate the Venezuela asphalt claims. The 
United States Government is likely to 
take no further action for (he present. 

At a revival in London, Eng., con- 
ducted by the Rev. R. A. Torrey and 
Charles M. Alexander, Americans, more 
than 5,000 persons professed conversion. 

Four men were killed and forty per- 
sons, including two women, injured in 
an attack by troops upon a Jewish So- 
cialist meeting at Warsaw, Poland, on 
April 2. 

In a recent debate on separation of 
Church and State a member of the 
French Chamber of Deputies cited the 
United States as having profited by the 
separation policy. 

The French Chamber of Deputies lias 
adopted the new military law, reducing 
the time of active service in the army 
from three to two years, and rendering 
every Frenchman liable. 

Hans Christian Andersen's centenary 
was celebrated throughout. Denmark on 
April 2, under royal patronage. Several 
foreign countries sent delegates to 

Odense, the birthplace of Andersen. 

The Committee of Ministers at St. 
Petersburg, after a thorough considera- 
tion, has decided against the advisability 
of attempting to re-open the universities, 
lyceunis and high schools until the au- 

The Shah of Persia will arrive in 
France shortly to take a provincial wa- 
ter cure. The expected arrival at Paris, 
France, of King Alfonso at the end of 
the month is leading to elaborate prep- 
arations for his entertainment. 

The women and children are reported 
to he leaving Harbin, and the business 
houses are closing. The stationary hos- 
pitals are being ino\ ed back, and I he en 
tire railroad east and south of Tsitsihar 
is being prepared for Hie next stage of 
the war. 

The British South Vfrica Company 

at London, Eng., has received a cable 

dispatch from Victoria Kails announcing 
that the bridge over the Zambesi River, 

the highest ill the world, was welded up 

on April 1, thus completing i ther link 

in the chain of the Cape to Cairo Kail- 



Labor News. 

It is announced thai General Sherman 
Bell, of Colorado, is slated for a Federal 
appointmenl i. Presidenl Roosevelt. 

It lias been announced that the wages 
of 80,000 employee qf the United States 
Steel Corporation will soon be increased. 

The American Federal ion of Labor is- 
sued charters during February as fol- 
lows: Central bodies, 9; federal labor 

unions. 10 ; local trade unions. 1 1. 

Labor Commissioner Stafford, of Cali 
fornia, estimates that .">,000 Japs are 
employed in San Francisco, most of 
whom an' engaged in domestic service. 

The 1 nited Mine Workers have adopt- 
ed resolutions at Altoona. Pa., express- 
l willingness to combine with other 
trade-unionists to elect members of the 

All the stonecutters and tool sharpen- 
ers who recently went out on strike at 
the Quincy (Mass.) granite quarries 

have reported for work, having obtained 

aii increase of wages. 

The long-standing controversy between 
the Bums and Hayes factions of the 

Knights of Labor was recently decided 

by the Court of Appeals of the District 
of Columbia favorably to Hie latter. 
Japanese press comment upon the 

anti-Jap movemenl in California and 
other State- is said to be •■markedly 
moderate." The .laps atl'eet to believe 
that sentiment in the United States is 
local, not national. 

The Bavemeyer refineries in Brooklyn, 
X. Y.. the largest of the American Sugar 
Refining Company, have been closed. 
Three thousand men are thrown out of 
employment. The advance in the price 
of granulated sugar had something to do 

with the shut-down. 

The total number of unions affiliated 

with tin' American Federation of Labor 

on March I is as follows: International 

unions, lis; state branches, ■'!:!: central 

bodies. 586; local trade and federal la- 
bor unions. 1,201; local unions attached 
to internationals (approximately), i~l.- 

of the iisi unions affiliated with the 
American federation of Labor making 
returns for February, 1905, with an ag- 

gregate membership of 03,500, there wen 

(i.l per cent without employment, in 

the preceding nth 1,185 unions, with 

a membership id' 74.()ii4. reported 6.3 per 
cent without employment. , 

The protracted Gubernatorial contest 
ii Colorado prevented the passage of 
many bills in the Legislature, among 

Ibese being the one a u t bor izing bonds 

for 800,000 to cover the cost of main- 
taining the militan in several of the 
mining camps of the Stale while strikes 

were on during Peabody's administra- 

t ion. 

An organized opposition against the 
employment of Japanese in Yolo county, 
California, lias been instituted in Wood- 
land. An agreement pledging the signers 
l.i give no employment of any kind, di- 
rectly or indirectly, to Japanese in Yolo 
count] has been circulated, and already 

lias more than 500 signatures atttached 

to it. 

The twenty-first annual convention of 

l be Association of Officials of Bureaus 
of Labor Statistics will open at San 

Francisco on Tuesday, September 5. The 

membership of the Association comprises 
the leading thinkers on labor problems, 
the commissioners and chiefs of State 

and National Bureaus of Labor and In- 
dustrial Stalistics. 

Ih,. recent action of the Philadelphia 
(Pa.) Master Painters' Association in 

signing a "Closed Shop" agreement with 
I be National Brotherhood of Painters 

practically reverses the entire situation 

in the building trades of that city. The 
-.*.'! a day for house paint- 
el s, $3.15 for paperhangers and $3.50 for 
decorators— will be maintained for an- 
other year. 



H. A. SCHWARTZ, Prop. 

Headquarters for Seamen's Wearing Apparel. 
A complete line of Union Made goods in 
Clothing, Shoes, Hats, Furnishing Goods, 
Oil Clothing, Rubber Boots, etc., etc. 

$3.00 to $5.00, Union Made 

307 Second Street, Eureka, Cal. 

Just around corner 
from Union Office. 


(Continued from page 13.) 


Strictly #Union Store 

Full line of Meu'i Wear, 
Hats, Shoes and Rubber 
Goods. Fiib brand Oil 
Clothing. Suits made to 
Order. Fit Guaranteed. 

AUG. GUSTAFSON. 437 Second St. 



J. A. ANDERSON, Proprietor. 


The " Popular Favorites," the "Little 
Beauty," the "Princess" and other 
high grade union made cigars 

Manufactured by 


Sd2 Second St., Bureka.Cal. 


H. WENGORD, Proprietor. 


Neatest and Cleanest Place In town. 

First-Class Board and Lodging 

Reasonable Rates. 

Front Street, between C and D, 

Andersen, Lars T. 
Anderson. Chas. 
Andersson. J. Emil 
Brown. J. C. 
Fichter. A. 
Hahnberg. Alfred 

Halvorsen. H. 
Hangan, H. 
Hansen. Hans Teo- 

Johnson, John 
Juhnker, William 
Knudsen, Oscar 
Larson, Alfred 
Lehnhard, W. 
.M.yerkana, Valther 


Mullar, R. 
Olsen, Arthur 

: rnski, R. 
Peterson. Karl A. 
Pruss, Fred 
Rasmusen, Albert 
Sanders. Frank 
Spreeslis, F. 
Steppany, Joseph 
Swanson, Raberd- 

Wahlstadt, Albert 
Walsh, P. K. 
Weiss, Wilhelm 


Letters In the Office of the Fishermen's 
Union of the Pacliic Coast and Alaska. 

Armstrong, Gust. Knudtsen, Hans O. 

Eaker. Andrew 
I it hi. Bernhard 
Jacobsson, C. E. 
Johnsen, Henry 

Linden, H. E. 
Nelson, John 
Nelson, Pete 
Tishel, Mathias 



The Finest Beer Brewed on the Coast 


Humboldt Brewing Co. 


Delivered and shipped to any part of 
the City or County on short notice. 




Manufacturer of all kinds of Soda, 
Cider, Syrups, Sarsaparilla and Iron, 
etc. Sole agents for Jackson's Napa 
Soda. Also bottler and dealer in Enter- 
prise Lager Beer. 




Cigars at Wholesale and Retail. 
Has Removed to 439 Second St. 


White Labor Only. EUREKA, CAL. 

The Humboldt Lodging House 

F. HORGES, Proprietor. 



American Exchange Hotel 

OSCAR SWANSON, Proprietor. 

An old-time LTnion Man. 

Board and lodging, $5 per week. 
Single meals, 25c. Beds, 25c and 50c. 

322 First Street, between D and E. 


Michael Joseph Sulli\;:ti. formerly mi 

the Lakes, bill last heard from nil tlir 

Pacific Coast, is inquired for. Address, 
Coast Seamen's .Jouknal. 

Tom Courtney, of Courtmacsherry, 
County (oik. Ireland, is inquired for by 
the British Consulate at San Francisco, 

Andrew J. Stewart, a native of Maine; 
was sailing on the Coast I wo years af»<>: 

is inquired tot by relatives. Address, 
Coast Seamen's Joubnal. 

John Welsh, who left the steamer San 
Mateo at Francisco in June Last, is 
requested to communicate with the Brii 
Lsh Consul-General, San Francisco. 

James L. Russell, a native of eGneva, 
X. v.: lasl heard of aboul eighteen 
months ago, when going to Alaska, is 
inquired for. Address 1 Coast Seamen's 


The following seamen are inquired for 
by the Consulate of Sweden ami Norway 
at San Francisro : Alex. F. l'.iann. from 

Stockholm; Johan Lauritzen, from I 
berg; Siverl Andersen, from Eardan 

Oscar Fred olsen, fr Christiania; 

Hans Hansen, from Christiania; Her- 
man Thorsen, from Norwaj ; Ole Jensen, 
from l)yl>\ aag i Johan Fred. Jorgensen, 
from Fredrikstad; Axel Svendgs 
from Tr Ihjem; frank Sundstrom, from 

Sweden: Samuel Anderson, from Kvilie: 

John [Jngren, fr Sweden; Chas. John 

Peterson, from Frostnas; Qusl Sundk 
visi, from Skonvik; Eilert Grundel, 
m, in Christiania ; Trygve Adolf Aass, 
from Christiania. 


Stand near Sailors' Union Office. 

Also FiirniHhed Rooms. Call at Cigar 

Store. 201 Burnside St. 


Phone Scott 5922. 

Portland, Or. 


Maker to Wearer 

The only Clothing Establishment on the Pacific Coast selling gqpds at less 

than Eastern Prices. 


Manufacturer and Retailer 





Coast Seamen's Journal 



Navigation and Nautical Astronomy 

CAPT. \Y. J. SMITH Principal 

Hiss Helen «'. Smith Assistant 

Graduate of Trinity Nautical College. 
Author of Self -Instructor in Naviga- 
tion. Successful Compass Adjuster. 
i license unlimited. Steam and 
sail American and British. 
2225 V£ First Ave. . . . Phone Black 5424. 




Carries a full line of Cigars, Tobaccos 

and Smokers' Articles. 


Telephone Ind. 118. 


Third & Columbia Sis., Seattle, Wash. 

Preparing bodies for chipping a 
specialty. All orders by telephone or 
telegraph promptly attended to. 
Telephone No. 13. 



Fishermen's Protective Union 

Headquarters. Astoria, Or. 
H. M. LORNTSEN, Secretary, 

P. O. Box 138. 

The Reading Room is open at all times to 

Members of the Sailors' Union. 




issued av AUTHORITY OP 

When Buying Clothing: 
of Any Description. 



Wholesale and Retail 

Clothing, Furnishing Goods, Boots, Shies 

Headquarter* for Seamen's Outfits. 

All Union Made Goods 

Only Union Clerks Employed. 







Montgomery St„ Cor. Pine. 


14-15-16. Phone Main 5719. 

San Francisco, Cal. 

larltlme Matters and Criminal Law 

a Specialty. 

ity Front Drug Store 

BOURNS, Proprietor. 

io Mission Street 

hone Bush 810. San Francisco. 

areful attention given to Supplying 

Ships with Drugs. 

We are Sole Agents For 





Cor. Kearny and Sacramento Sts. 


:ed seal cigar 






MASCOT I Best 6 cent 
JLUE CAP J Cigars 



en's - Furnishing - Goods 

Hoots. Tobacco, Cutlery, etc. 

United Workingmen's Sboes. 

ilso Agency for the Orthopedic Shoe. 

206 East St., near Howard, 
one 4272. San Francisco. 

he Castle Cigar Store 

250 East Street, near Folsoni. 



Union-made Goods a Specialty. 

G. H. PALMER, Proprietor. 


K. A. Johns heard of in the 

loonei William Rendal, in 1002. i- in- 
ired for. Address, < OAST Seamen's 


John Mullen, who was employed as 
email on the steamer Ventura some 
(i and one-half years ago, is requested 
communicate with his wife at 69 
•de St.. Anderston, Glasgow, 
fames Lennox, i native of Woohvitch, 
igland, aged about 50, last heard of 
out twelve in London. Eng- 

ii.l. is inquired for by his brother, 
illiam Lennox. Address, Coasi Sea- 


California Undertaking Co. 

Private Residence Parlors 





Henet Bbunxeb, Cashier 
J. C. Rced, Asst. Cashier 
Orro Ottesen, Asst. Cashier 

Feank J. Stjimf.s. President 
Chas. Xelsox, Vice-President 
O. A. Hale, Vice-President 
E. W. Ruhtoh, Vice-President 

Central Trust Co. of California 

42 Montgomery Street, Corner of Sutter Street 



3 ] 4 . per Annum on Ordinary Deposits 
3%0% per Annum on Term Deposits 

We sell Drafts and Money Orders on all cities 
in Norway, Sweden and Denmark at Cheapest Kates 

Our Bank in Norway i- : Our Bank in Denmark is : 

Central Banken for Xorge in Christiania. Den Danske Landmands Bank in 

Our Bank in Sweden is : Copenhagen. 

Skanes Enskilda Bank in Stockholm. 

We write and speak [the Scandinavian languages. 


Ch.if.les Webb Howabd Fbaxk J. Symmeb J. M. Vance 

Geo. C. Perkins Hexbt Brcsneb Charles Nelson 

Make L. Gebstle C. C Moore John M. Keith 

E A. Denkke W. A. Frederick E. W. Rxnyon 

O.A.Hale James Madison G.H.Umbsen 

F. \V. Dohemann Gavin McNab R. D. Hume 

Ch.ables F. Leege 



Opposite Sailors' Union Hall. 

We Sell the Kind of Goods You Require. 


Domestic and Naval. 




Look at our Good*. Yon will be pleased. No trouble to thorr them. 


Cor. Bush and Montgomery Sts. (Mills Building) 


Chaeles Nelson Hasten Sandies 
Lewis I. Cowgill W. H. Little 
J. C. Eschen Henby Wilson 

Gkobge H. Tyson 8. D. Denson, Attorney 

Advisory Bnard 

Robert J. Tysom J. Jensen 
E. W. Ferguson A. T. Dcnbab 

Fb. C. Siebe J. C. Eveedisg 

Mikal Olsex 

Saving Accounts solicited. Commercial deposits subject to check. Interest paid on savings 
and commercial balances, and allowed from date of deposit. Loans on collateral and on mort- 
gage covering city real estate. Drafts, Telegraphic Exchange and Letters of Credit issued, paya- 
ble in New York, London, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland and all the principal cities of 
Europe and America. Open Saturday evenings from 6 to 8, for Deposits and applications for 
loans on Real Estate. 

Union Boot & Shoe Store 


United Workinqmen 
Co-Operative Company's 
Shoes Constantly on Hand 


C LESTER, 12 Steuart St. 


Sea-faring . Men's . Outfitter 

Ready - Made Uniforms. 

Cap Making a Specialty. 


Tel. John 3561. San Francisco. 

The Scandinavian 
Sailors' Home 

Corner Dm mm and Commercial Streets 

Telephone James 4846 

A new building erected especially for sailors. 
Latest improvements, clean and light rooms, 
bath, reading and dining rooms. First class 
board and lodging at reasonable rates. Gospel 
service — Sundays, 3:45 p. m., and Wednes- 
days, 8 o'clock p. m. All welcome. 


missionary and Manager. 


14 CLAY ST., one Block North of 
Market St., near Ferry 


Best quality Rubber Boots and Oil 
Clothing. Shoes, Flannel Underwear. 
Hats. etc. 


We give you a square deal. 

Sailors Outfitting Store 


110 Barry St., San Francisco 

The Best Goods in the Market. 



Between Berry' and King Streets. 

The rooms are all newly furnished 
and the accommodations first class. 
Board and lodging, $5 per week. All 
rooms single. 



By making cash salei only we are 
enabled to sell at the lowest figure 



257-259 Pacific St, 

Between Battery and Front. San Francisco 


— *)one by — 


Stand nt I'nion Office, 
Southwest < orner Kant and Mission Sta. 

Governor Hoch of Kansas has proposed 
to have the battleship named after his 
christened with a bottle of Kan- 
sas crude oil. 

The Atlantic shipping combination 
must meet a deficit in the dividend fund 
of the North German Lloyd Company 

The Bureau of Fisheri stated 

naval target practici • in- 

terfere with the fisheries off the New 
d coast. 
The rumor of the probability of a 
renewal of the rate war be! ween the 
Atlantic steamship companies has been 
officially denied. 

The Government will make no demand 
for a restoration of fishing privileges in 

Newfoundland water-. as Americans 
have no rights in the premises. 

The Allan liner Parisian and the Ham- 
burg-American liner Albano collided off 
Halifax harbor on March -ir>. Both were 
badly damaged, but no lives wen- lost. 

Commander Hebbinghaus, naval at- 
tache nf the German Embassy, has an- 
nounced that the latest entry in the 
transatlantic yacht races for the Ger- 
man Emperor's cup is the schooner Fleur 
de Lis, owned by Lewi- A. Stimson. 

The Newfoundland Government has 
ordered Collectors of Customs through- 
out the island to refuse American fish- 
tng vessels licenses to procure bait. This 
i- an act of retaliation because the 
United State- refused to adopt the Bond- 
Hay treaty. 

A contract has been awarded the New 
England Shipbuilding Company, of Bath, 
for the construction of a barkentine for 
New York parties, which will lie the 
lii -1 vessel of that type built in t he Bath 
district for fourteen years. She will be 
an 800-ton three-masted craft for off- 
shore trade. 

The Compagnie Est-Asiatique Fran- 
cais, established a few years ago by 
French and Danish capitalists, closed the 
working year 1903-1904 with a loss of 
277,399 francs, thus bringing the total 
deficit up to 318,700 francs. The capital 
is tn be written down from 10.000,000 
francs to 4,000,000. 

A French company has obtained the 
concession for effecting improvement- at 
Salonica, including the enlargement of 
the quay-, construction of a central Cus- 
tom House, and installation of electric 
lighting inside the harbor. The com- 
pany also has the right to work the 
harbor for forty year-. 

William Zeigler's second relief expe- 
dition to the Arctic regions in search of 
Anthom Piala, the young Brooklyn ex- 
plorer who set nut two year- ago for 
the North Pole, and from whom nothing 
has been heard for months, will start 
on Ma\ ■'! for Tromsoe, Norway, in the 
steamer Terra Nova. \Y. S. Champ com- 
mands the expedition. 

A contract lias been closed by the 
Waul line with the William Cramp & 
Sons' ship ami Engine Building Company 
for the construction of a new liner of 
7. nun tons displacement. She will '»• 
400 feet long and 50 feet beam and will 
have a -peed of sixteen knots, and will 
be used on the main line between New 
Vmk ami Havana. 

A deputation desirous oi establishing 
a shipbuilding industry in Canada, ap- 
plied to the Government recently for a 
bounty from the Federal Treasury of $6 
pel gross tun mi boats built in Canada 
from now until 1915, a- an offset lo the 
competition which the Canadian indus- 
try ha- had to -land from the old coun- 
try. I nil. r the Merchant-" Shipping 

Act all British-built ship titled 

to enter Canada duty free. The petition- 
limate that in ten years Canada, 
with a bounty, would build 50,000 tons 
of shipping annually, which would rep- 
resent an expenditure in 

the country. 



With the Wits. 

< Hit cit' It — "Yes, I was very sorry to 
see -lack Goodley married to Mi- j Rox- 

"Sorry? Pot hi> sake or hers 

"For mine. I wanted her." 

is! "I'is True. 
His bride and he have love to burn. 

But, goodness bless your soul! 
It didn't take them long to learn 

They can't use that for coal. 

All Eope Past.— 
I'm broke, and my hopes of the future 

Regarding May's love are not pleasant 
To morrow's Hie darling girl's birthday — 

I know she has hope- of a present. 

Natural Enough. "I never knew be- 
fore that he was a religious crank." 
"Nonsense ! lie isn't ." 

"He eel la i 1 1 1 \ i-. I le got me ill a COT 
ner the other day ami asked me if 1 was 
prepared to die.'' 

01 eoui He i- in insurance a</ent 

No Encouragement Needed. - Nell — 
•ili- hadn't known me ten minutes before 
he announced that he was going to kiss 


Bell* — "The idea! Sou should have 
had a hatpin to stiek him with." 

Nell— "Oh! He didn't need to be 
spurred on." 

Something New. — "It's a good play. I 

"Yes, it's the finest specimen of the 
realistic play I've -ecu for some time." 

'•.Melodrama, with real water and all 
thai, I suppose?" 

"No. It has a real plot and real 
actoi s." 

No Offense. — "I should think Doctor 

Ranter's sermon on "The Faults of the 

Average Man' would offend the members 
of lii- congregation." 

"Not at all. Xo man would take his 
remarks to himself because every man 
believes himself more than an average 

They Will Talk. — Hicks— "Nonsense ! 

How on earth could a deaf and dumb 
woman play whist? How could she hold 

the card-'.'' 

Wicks — "1 didn't say she didn't have 
any hands." 

Hicks — "Of course, but being a woman 
she'd have to use her hand- to chattel 
with and ask 'What's trump?'" 



$2.50 HATS 




1 ir.s Market Street, opposite Central 
111 eater, and 005 Kearny Street. 

Country Orders Solicited. 

Send for Illustrated Catalogue. 

Sun Cured 

.» issued N Aulhorrtij of to* 

Save Front 
of Wrappers 
and Pouches 

Every Package bears 
the Union Label 

Union made 


ISSUE BYMffltftfTYtf 


We were one of the fiist firms in the 
United States to put the union label on 
our garments. As we manufacture our 
own stock, all our clothes bear the union label. 

Other stores in San Francisco have a few union-made 
lines to show union men. 

Everything is union made in our establishment. 
In purchasing here you buy direct from the makers at a 
saving of middlemen's profits. 

Ready-made suits and overcoats from $10.00 to $35.00. 
Made-to-measure clothes from $ 10.00 to $45.00. 


S. IN. WOOD <& CO. 

7-40 Market St., San Francisco. 

James A* Sorensen Co* 

Watchmakers, Jewelers and Opticians 

103 to 1 1 1 SIXTH STREET, 


below Mission 
san francisco 
Eyes Tested 

All Watch Repairing Warranted for two years 
Free by an expert Optician. 


Open Evenings till 8 p. m. Saturdays, 10 p. m. 

The Big Jewelry Store 


See that this label (in light blue) 
appears on the box from which you 
are served. 

-*v. 'V- 

"■%/ — v^- — v "S~ — —v V ** v v - 

lisjed by Authority oi the Cigar Mikers. Internal - Jmor o? America 

Union-made Cigars. 

tEhlS Gtflliftrf. IfuttlttCqvseoMMed inMirsbo»M*bwn»tJabY*NBHl 

d MilM3fFiO F IH( QGAft MAKERS 'INItaWTlOWlUMOMol Arntfcj, tn cqanuar-ofl oe- 

vdncemenlof thcMUSAlMATtfilAUnji^TuLlCIJA. AlJARLOf THf CKAF 
f Ifle^e Ooa'S to ill smoker trirnjonout tre wo'ifl 
All Ink ingements upon this usci nw oe pu^sned accord^ to \a*i 




Smoke Union -Made Cigars that Bear the 
Above Label 

(Otherwise known as SAM.) 


Between King: and Berry ■><■«.. San Francisco. 


Gents' Furnishing Goods, Hats. Caps, Trunks, Valises, Bags, etc.. Boots. 
Shoes, Rubber Boots and Oil Clothing of all kinds. Everything strictly UNION 
MADE. Seamen's outfits a specialty. 

If you want first-class goods at the lowest market prices give me a call. 
Do not make a mistake — LOOK FOR THE NAME AND NUMBER. 

Taylor's Nautical School 




u. s. custom houm SAN FRANCISCO 

Oldest School on Pacific Coast, Largest and best 
equipped private Nautical School in the United States, 
Graduates preiiared for the American and British 
Merchant Marine examinations. Warrant officers of 
the United States Navy prepared for examination for 
commissioned officers. Special course for cadets en- 
tering the United Males Naval Academy and Ameri- 
can Merchant Marine. 

Taylor's Modern Navigation, a book for both young 
and old navigators, is now in the Library of every 
Pacific Mail Steamship, in many Universities, and is 
highly recommended by many noted navigators, 
send for circulars a-.rt testimonials. 



San Francisco's 

8-Hour Good Goods Store 

Market St., Near Sixth 

An Opportunity to Buy 

Chinaware and 

At About Half Under Price 


A good Sewing Machine— 
With a five year guarantee— 
And lessons how to use It. 

It is strongly made of hard wood, with 
steel and iron fittings. A machine that 
would sell in the regular sewing machine 
way for not less than S30. A machine 
that comes direct from the maker to you 
through Hale's 60 you can share It ai 
H2.25. Let us demonstrate it to you on 
the third floor. 

Clothing Store 


Sailors' and Firemen's Clothing 

and General supplies. 


IT 1 ^ ".(emir! Street. 
Bet Market* Mission. - San Francisco 


Thelargest first class 
on the Pacific Coast < 



Suits to' order 

Trousers to order 
from$gOO up 

Samples and Self-Measurement Blanks 
free by mail 

VsJ LondonTailor Q, 

f72l Market £122 Kearny si] 

Scotty's Milwaukee 
Sweaters and Jackets 

Have stood the test against all 

Lake Faring Men All Know It. 

Beware of Imitation* 





1 1 * 9M